This series of articles is for presenting the outcomes obtained through activities by the
Research Committee on Society Design, Transdisciplinary Federation of Science and Technology
(TRAFST). In order to solve the problems our modern society is now facing, new approaches more
positive and more predictive are required for designing social institutions and social functions. The
committee discussed the present situations, promising approaches, and successful cases of society
design, and consequently could suggest some directives for future researches. Promotion of such
transdisciplinary studies fits the objectives of TRAFST.
Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) is a cutting-edge technique to understand various social
phenomena. ABM focuses from global phenomena to individuals in the model and tries to observe
how individuals with individual characteristics or “agents” will behave as a group. However, the
importance of the modeling methodology has not been common yet even in the academic convergent
technology societies. The paper discusses the principles, strength, and weakness of ABM. The paper
also describes the role of simulation sciences in social system domains and how ABM should be a
new standard of such analysis.
Consider that human behavior is a three dimensional object. Each field of social sciences
has been tackling this object using a different sword: emotion in psychology, incentive in economics,
norm in sociology, and so on, and these sections almost have no intersection, which we call the state
in blind men and the elephant. As an attempt to overcome this, we show some results of our research
notes in social dilemma including the problem of public good provision.
It is important to understand characteristics of human behaviors in real world settings for
society design, because human is a major element of society and human factor is a dominant driving
force of real world social behavior. This paper describes an example of applying an interview-based
Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) incorporating with content analysis for eliciting cognitive competencies
for disaster nursing. CTA is a methodology from cognitive systems engineering to examine
human cognition in real world context by such as field observation, process tracing, interview, and
questionnaires and content analysis is a methodology originated in social science to analyze text
contents. The result of this study indicates that this interdisciplinary method is more effective for examining
human behaviors than a single disciplinary method and is a promising approach for society
To solve current social problems, manufacturers need to supply service rather than materialized
products to consumers. We have been proposing a novel engineering paradigm to deal with
services, service engineering. We define services as a state change. A service model consists of three
sub-models: scope model, view model and flow model. A computer-aided design tool, called Service
Explorer, is developed to represent a network of the parameters and determines the influence weight
Modern science developed its methodology through the Scientific Revolution in 17th
century and established its social institution through the second Scientific Revolution in 19th century.
In the latter period, science was specialized from science to sciences, and lost its unity as “natural
philosophy.” The mainstream of scientific thought consists of atomism, analytic method and local
optimization. To overcome the specialization of science and to realize the integration of knowledge,
it may be stimulating to consult the intellectual heritage of Japanese thought which includes the
unique concepts of “place (basho),” “scene (bamen)” and “between-ness (aida).”
This document describes the personal identification by using finger vein patterns, one
of the recent enterprizes conducted by the TRAFST (Transdisciplinary Federation of Science and
Technology). First, a brief review is given on the biometrics using finger prints and iris. Next,
an equipment of personal identification by using finger veins developed by Hitachi Co. Ltd. is
illustrated. Then diversity of human finger vein images is shown by extracting their patterns, by
using the equipment, from the right and left index fingers, and middle fingers of 506 person and
finally the usefulness of finger veins patterns for personal identification is shown by evaluating the
false acceptance rate (FAR) and false rejection rate (FRR). These rates depend on the cut-off point C;
when C = 0.295 those rates are estimated to be 0.00000001% and 0.00005%, respectively.
“Virtual Reality (VR)” is a name of the technology to give us an opportunity to go inside
an image world synthesized by computers. This word has become popular to the public since 1989.
Thanks to the progress of computer technology, various VR-like services and applications are available
in our society nowadays. Virtual Reality Society of Japan (VRSJ) was established in 1996 to
promote communication among the researchers and engineers of this field. This paper introduces the
history and current activities of VRSJ and Virtual Reality R&D.
The Japan Statistical Society is a professional society of statisticians founded in 1931.
The mission of the society is to promote excellence in statistical research and research training, in
statistical education, and in the practice of statistics as well. In this article, after a brief review of its
long history the present activities of the society are presented such as academic journal publications,
organization of annualmeetings, international affairs and also awarding of distinguished statisticians,
among others. Future directions that the society aims to are also discussed.