This study aimed to improve the ability of employees of rehabilitation facilities for the disabled to cope with disaster situations by understanding and analyzing their disaster consciousness through questionnaire survey. The questionnaire survey had been conducted for employees of rehabilitation facilities for the disabled in Japan for three months.Among 932 rehabilitation facilities for the disabled, 41.8% answered that the areas where facilities reside are relatively safe from flood damages and 59.8% answered that they are relatively safe from earthquakes or their secondary damages, e.g., fire. This kinds of results may be considered to reflect the insensibility of safety. To protect the disabled who are vulnerable to unexpected disasters, the awareness of disasters of employees needs to be increased, the dangerous areas need to be identified and the efforts to find more effective methods for evacuation need to be made. Therefore, to improve the disaster consciousness of facilities' employees, countermeasures such as regular scheduled training and evacuation guidelines need to be developed. High percentage of facilities answered that they have not promoted the importance of early evacuation of disaster-vulnerable people. Besides, in disaster situation, the network with facilities, organizations in community and community residents is critical.
This study analyzes the association between major characteristics (the quantity and quality) of Community Service Innovation (CSI) and the levels of satisfaction on the service. CSI is designed as voucher type where CSI users are assumed to have a choice among services from different organizations. In order to have a choice in the real meaning, service users can have sufficient and quality information. This study aims to grasp the amount of information service users have and the quality evaluations among them, and to understand the influence of these information factors on the levels of satisfaction for the service by using Multiple Regression Analyses.Research findings show that less than 60% of service users received 6 areas of basic information, and more than 13% of users received less than 3 areas of information.Meanwhile, more than 15% of users were unsatisfied with the quality of information received. It should be emphasized that social service organizations make an effort to provide luculent information to users. Importantly, multiple regression analyses show that the quality of information instead of quantity influences the level of satisfaction for the service. Therefore, it can be said that providing quality information to social service users is an effective way to increase the satisfaction level on service.
This study aimed to provide basic information for the connecting system of health, medical and welfare services by researching the needs and actual status of the utilization of health, medical and welfare services for the elderly who are living in D city in South Korea. For this study, interview survey was employed as the research method.The results showed that 65.4% of respondents were the recipients of Basic Senior Pension and about 30% were in low-income group. 86.8% had chronic diseases and due to those diseases, they have been gone to hospitals or/and clinics. However, there were not many respondents who have used health, medical and welfare services. Even though the elderly have health and its care related problems simultaneously, they have received services that are limited to either health or care services, which is the reason that the connecting system of health, medical and welfare services is required. As health, medical and welfare services is indispensable to improve the quality of life of the elderly, it is critical that organizations to be in responsible for systemically connecting health, medical and welfare services need to be expanded.
The purpose of this study is to analyze of calculate the Korea Mandatory Rate of the disabled. The Korea Mandatory Rate of the disabled was founded to promote employment of disabled. However, in the labor market, employment opportunities for the disabled remain low-level in comparison to people without disabilities. In addition, there is no way to calculate the Mandatory Rate of the disabled and no regard to characteristics of disabilities and enterprise.In this study, the relativity of disabled gender, degree of disability, type of disability and employment of disabled are analyzed. Also, we review to the impact of employment among the size, type and business of enterprise. As a result, it became clear that there is correlation between characteristics of disabilities and employment of disabled, and the size of enterprise has an effect on employment.
According to the recent surveys, it is reported that approximately 40% among children registered at children's self-reliance support facilities have developmental disorders. Especially, children with AD/HD attract attention of people. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare mentioned that the ratio of children with developmental disorders in those facilities was 42.6%. In this questionnaire survey, actually, it was found that many teachers and educational staffs felt difficulties on teachings and supports for children with AD/HD, and also they felt difficulties on dealing with their various behavioral problems which were secondary induced from characteristics of AD/HD. In future, the teachers and educational staffs at those facilities will be required higher specialty about the education of children with developmental disorders. In addition, educational support plan for children with developmental disorders should be made individually, one by one, and the teachers and educational staffs should cooperate with the coordinators who are posted at their schools for enhancement of special needs education.
In South Korea, a variety of social supports and businesses have been created in order to resolve the digital divide of people with disabilities. The quantitative divide has been reduced through such business and support, but the qualitative digital divide still remains. In order to reduce the qualitative digital divide, various contributing factors that affect the situation were investigated and the data of the "Survey and Digital Divide Index of 2011" were analyzed in this study(National Information Society- Agency).As a result, it was found that "Information Utilization Capacity" and "Information Utilization" tend to be higher among the young, more often male, higher education level, higher income people who had some information technology education and experience using telecommunication services. "Information Utilization Capacity" was contingent on congenital disabilities and "Information Utilization" tended to be higher among persons with experience of special needs education. "Information Utilization Capacity" and "Information Utilization" ability were higher among the physically handicapped than those with brain lesion disorders, visual impairments, hearing or language disorders, whereas "Information Utilization" ability was higher among those with hearing or language disorders than those with brain lesion disorders.
Currently in South Korea, as long as the exercise is related with cancer, the exercise has been considered just as one of the useful life habits to prevent cancer and as an assisting method to endure the difficult treatment process of cancer with providing physical strength and strong will even in the clinic field. This study intended to provide the help for cancer prevention and treatment based on the review on the exercise programs for cancer patients that have been reported in the precedent studies; furthermore, it has been found that it is critical that the goal of exercise treatment according to the conditions of patients has to be determined in advance, in results of considering the precedent studies in order to contribute to raise the awareness of the role of exercise as the treatment method of cancer. Exercise program needs to be structured after determining the goals of exercise by considering the physical limitations that can be caused not only by cancer itself, but by the damages in the treatment process. For cancer patients, the goals of exercise need to be differentiated in each stage of treatment process; for the patients who are undergoing treatment, the goals of exercise become the maintenance of physical strength and emotional stability; and for those who completed anticancer treatment and got rid of cancer cells, the goals of exercise become the returning to ordinary life and the prevention from relapse. Before beginning the exercise program, it is significant to gather the information to secure the safety during exercising, to select the types of exercises that are customized for the patients and to establish exercise programs. Even though the exercise therapy methods that are specialized according to each cancer have not been established, it has been reported that exercise is closely related to the prevention from and treatment of cancer and it is considered that exercise therapy will be one of the important methods to treat cancer.
The challenges of rearing a child with developmental disorders are associated with high levels of parental stress, depression, and other negative emotions. Thus, clinicians frequently set one of the intervention goals to be parent adaptation to such challenges, which we call parenting resilience for rearing children with developmental disorders. In this article, we reviewed research on general resilience and mental health in parents of children with developmental disorders and proposed a construct of parenting resilience for this population. In our framework, parenting resilience is defined as the process of positive adaptation to the difficulties of rearing children with developmental disorders and consists of internal (e.g., positive perception, skill, coping style, and efficacy) and external (e.g., social support) factors. We discussed future directions for the application of parenting resilience in parents of children with developmental disorders.
In this research, we analyzed the interaction between hospital classrooms, local school, family, medical staffs and so on. Life range of children is limited and experience required for the growth of the mind and body is apt to insufficient in the hospital. The study report, role for QOL improvement and growth of the mind and body of children seen in each of the cooperation each institution, the need for cooperation with a focus on hospital class was suggested. For cooperation with medical, situations that require expertise terminal care or enlightenment understanding of the disease to the local schools, medical side a lot, further cooperation is expected particularly.
In Taiwan, the care management system in the field of early intervention of the family that has a child with disability has been practiced and standardized nationally for more than ten years. This system features that the social worker needs to write IFSP(Individual Family Service Plan) for each family and support both the child and his/her family. In this paper, the researches of social work in the field of early intervention was analyzed, especially focusing on the job with “involuntary” families. Eventually all families could become “involuntary” easily. The results of the analysis are as follows: 1. The significance of family-centered social work on early intervention. 2. The necessity of reconsidering the standard for judging “involuntary” families. 3. The importance of integrating the viewpoints of micro, mezzo and macro levels for the successful social work practice on “involuntary” family.
Visiting education has been conducted for children with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) under medical care. Recently, however, with the support of medical care in special education institutions, an increasing number of these children have begun to study at school. Children with SMID who receive education at home, on the other hand, show more serious problems, and a higher level of specialty is required than ever before about visiting education, which is provided in limited conditions of time and space. In addition, in Shikoku, quite a few children with SMID are unable to go to school for geographical reasons.In this study, I conducted a survey to special education teachers in Shikoku about the present conditions of visiting education, together with its significance and problems. The results are: 1) the distance from special education schools and the availability of the relevant medical care services are the factors that influence the choice of visiting education; and 2) teachers have a desire to provide higher quality education in limited conditions of visits. These results suggest that teacher training is urgently needed to cope with problems specifically related to visiting education.