Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
60 巻, 12 号
  • Kei Nakazawa, Sadaharu Nouda, Kazuki Kakimoto, Naohiko Kinoshita, Yasu ...
    2021 年 60 巻 12 号 p. 1805-1812
    発行日: 2021/06/15
    公開日: 2021/06/15
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2021/01/15
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective Although colorectal polyps (CPs) can be observed with colon capsule endoscopy (CCE), it is difficult to determine the type of polyp using CCE. The objective of this study was to differentiate adenomatous polyps (APs) from hyperplastic polyps (HPs) with CCE.

    Methods In this single-center retrospective study, an analysis was conducted on the same CPs with both CCE and colonoscopy (CS) and histopathologically diagnosed as AP or HP. The color difference (ΔE) between the polyp surface and the surrounding mucosa was calculated using the CIE1976 L*a*b* color space method on white light (WL), flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE), and blue mode (BM) CP images. We investigated the ability of the ratio of the color differences (ΔE') to differentiate between APs and HPs.

    Results The size of all 51 polyps (34 APs, 17 HPs) was 7.5±4.6 mm with CCE and 7.3±4.2 mm with CS, and this difference was not significant (p=0.28). The FICEΔE' of APs was 3.3±1.8, which was significantly higher than the FICEΔE' of HPs (1.3±0.6; p<0.001). A receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that FICEΔE' was useful for differentiating between APs and HPs, with an area under the curve of 0.928 (95% confidence interval, 0.843-1). The sensitivity was 91.2%, and the specificity was 88.2% with a cut-off value of 1.758.

    Conclusion Using FICE on CCE images of CPs and applying the CIELAB color space method, we were able to differentiate between APs and HPs with high accuracy. This method has the potential to reduce unnecessary CS procedures.

  • Yukitoshi Ikeya, Toshiko Nakai, Rikitake Kogawa, Sayaka Kurokawa, Koic ...
    2021 年 60 巻 12 号 p. 1813-1818
    発行日: 2021/06/15
    公開日: 2021/06/15
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective Following the introduction of magnetic resonance (MR)-conditional cardiac implantable electrical devices (CIEDs), patients with CIEDs have undergone MRI scanning more frequently. As the required settings of MRI equipment for scanning patients with a CIED vary by device, a number of precautions should be taken to allow safe examinations, including the confirmation of conditions and selection of MRI modes appropriate for pacing status in individual patients. In this study, we examined the current status and issues concerning the performance of MRI examinations in patients with an MRI-conditional CIED.

    Method and Results We reviewed a total of 262 MRI scans. The most common site of MRI scanning was the head, followed by the spine, abdomen, and heart in order. Regarding the MRI mode, DOO was most often used, followed by OFF, AOO, and finally VOO mode, to maintain atrioventricular synchrony. Although no obvious adverse events were observed related to MRI scanning, there were several cases encountered that might have been predisposed to a significant incident or in which the patient's intrinsic pulse rates or subjective symptoms changed before and during scanning.

    Conclusion As MRI is a very useful diagnostic tool for cerebrovascular diseases and orthopedic disorders, the demand for MRI scanning is high when treating these areas. Although MRI scanning in patients with MR-conditional devices was performed without any adverse events, there were incidents that could have potentially led to major harm. This highlights the importance of confirming the appropriate MRI mode is being used before scanning and monitoring patients during scanning.

  • Jun Sawada, Naoki Nakagawa, Kohei Kano, Tsukasa Saito, Takayuki Kataya ...
    2021 年 60 巻 12 号 p. 1819-1826
    発行日: 2021/06/15
    公開日: 2021/06/15
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2021/01/15
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective Fabry disease (FD) is a hereditary lysosomal storage disease that has been highlighted as a possible etiology of stroke at a young age and presents with other various neurological symptoms. Since FD is rare, limited information is currently available on the prevalence of neurological symptoms in Japanese patients with FD. Therefore, we examined the characteristics of neurological symptoms and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in adult Japanese patients with FD.

    Methods This was a retrospective, single-center study. We reviewed neurological symptoms and brain MRI findings in the medical records of 12 adult Japanese patients with FD diagnosed by a gene analysis of the α-galactosidase gene.

    Results Ten out of 12 patients with FD presented with the following neurological symptoms: acroparesthesia (n=6), headache (n=5) [migraine (n=4)], hypohidrosis (n=5), and cerebral infarction (n=3). Two and three of the patients with migraine were complicated by ischemic stroke and coronary spastic angina, respectively. Five and 10 patients presented with periventricular hyperintensity and deep white matter hyperintensity, respectively, on brain MRI. Two out of eight patients had cerebral microbleeds. Seven out of 11 patients had a dilated basilar artery diameter on magnetic resonance angiography. There were no patients with the pulvinar hyperintensity sign.

    Conclusion Patients with FD present with various neurological symptoms. Headache, particularly migraine, might be a major neurological symptom in patients with FD. Since migraine, ischemic stroke, and coronary spastic angina might occur together in FD, caution is needed when administering triptan to FD patients with migraine.

  • Takahiro Okada, Noriko Kohyama, Miki Takenaka, Takashi Yamaguchi, Tats ...
    2021 年 60 巻 12 号 p. 1827-1834
    発行日: 2021/06/15
    公開日: 2021/06/15
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective We aimed to develop a scoring model to predict a low disease activity (LDA) in elderly rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients initially treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs).

    Methods This retrospective cohort study included 82 elderly RA patients who initially received bDMARDs. The outcome was an LDA after bDMARDs initiation. We developed a predictive formula for an LDA using a multivariate analysis, the accuracy of which was assessed by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curves; the scoring model was developed using the formula. For each factor, approximate odds ratios were scored as an integer, divided into three groups based on the distribution of these scores. In addition, the scoring model accuracy was assessed.

    Results The mean age was 73.5±6.0 years old, and 86.6% were women. An LDA was achieved in 43 patients (52.4%). The predictive formula for an LDA was prepared using six factors selected for the multivariable analysis: the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), anemia, the 28-joint disease activity score with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR), serum level of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), diabetes mellitus (DM), and rheumatoid factor (RF). The AUC for the formula was 0.829 (95% confidence interval, 0.729-0.930). The odds ratios of the six factors were scored (DAS28-ESR and serum MMP-3=1 point, NLR, anemia, DM, and RF=2 points) and divided into three groups (≤4, 5-7, and ≥8). The high-score group (≥8) achieved a positive predictive value of 83%.

    Conclusion The scoring model accurately predicted an LDA in elderly RA patients initially treated with bDMARDs.