Japanese Journal of Qualitative Psychology
Online ISSN : 2435-7065
Volume 8 , Issue 1
Showing 1-6 articles out of 6 articles from the selected issue
  • Yukie Sugano, Gen Kitaueda, Yuta Jitsukawa, Tetsuji Ito, Yoko Yamada
    2009 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 6-24
    Published: 2009
    Released: July 07, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper discusses the symposium of the 4th Conference of the Japanese Association of Qualitative Psychology at Nara Women's University. At the symposium, four panelists presented their views on the transmission of stories from one generation to the next. Kitaueda, a lecturer in peace education in Okinawa, delivered a lecture entitled "In the cause of the co-guide". In the lecture, Kitaueda emphasized the creation of experiences. Jitsukawa discussed "minamata exhibition" and emphasized the possibility of the exhibition style and the preparations required on the part of the listener. Yamada and Ito provided a commentary from the perspective of qualitative psychology. Ito discussed the meaning of impossibility in narration. Yamada discussed the relationship among their practices and her Triple Dialogical Model that connect the narrator, the mediator and the listener.
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  • Crono-Topos Model with Generative Diversity and Inter-locality
    Yoko Yamada, Chizumi Yamada
    2009 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 25-42
    Published: 2009
    Released: July 07, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Qualitative studies are characterized by locality and difficulty of replication, and it is a crucial issue how to generate a common "knowledge" which is generalized across several "fields". Model construction is one way to resolve this issue. Here, we try to propose the diverse models related with narrative and polyphonic dialogue, based on "Topos Model", where self and others are considered as context-dependent concepts included in "topos" rather than independent concepts as "individuals". The models of "narrative topos" focus on the patterns of persons' interaction, which include four models; 1) Ireko (Nest of boxes) Model, 2) Dual Dialogical Model, 3) Triple Dialogical Model, and 4) Polyphonic Dialogical Model. The models of "different topos and times" concentrate on the difference in the cultural and temporal contexts, which include three models; 5) Inter-topos Dialogical Model, 6) Life Rings Model, and 7) Crono-topos Model. Our models have the following advantages; by simplification of theoretical flames, we can apply these models to a number of realities of local fields. By using multiple models, we can combine them to the research purposes. By organizing the mutual relationship of the models, we can develop the generative variations.
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  • Tetsuji Ito, Katsuya Yamori
    2009 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 43-63
    Published: 2009
    Released: July 07, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper examines the potential usefulness for qualitative psychological research of concepts of "inter-locality". Traditionally, qualitative research has focused on particular substantive domains in order to provide detailed descriptions with regard to phenomena of interest. However, qualitative research has often been criticized because the results of such studies have limited generalizability. We proposed the concept of "inter-locality" as a response to this critical view. More specifically, the first author brought experience of conducting fieldwork in different cultures and countries, and the second author brought experience in conducting numerous studies on interventions designed to mitigate the traumatic impact of disasters to this joint examination of the potential usefulness of "inter-locality". This examination developed from a reciprocal effort to bridge the gaps separating many circumscribed research domains through the sharing of previously localized findings and concepts among such domains. The paper was written in an epistolary style, in which the personal letters exchanged by the authors are intended to embody the descriptive style suitable for an examination of "inter-locality".
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  • Katsuya Yamori
    2009 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 64-74
    Published: 2009
    Released: July 07, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A theoretical investigation was conducted on the possibility of writing psychology papers in the form of personal letters. If we adopt "narrative turn" as an epistemological and a methodological meta-theory, then clearly, it is not productive to limit ourselves within the traditional writing style of psychology, in which a single true fact is objectively identified and described in scientifically precise language. An alternative style, which reflects social constructionist thinking, is also possible. Such a style assumes that one of the many possible realities is constructed socially, and presented in the form of narrative discourses in a psychology paper. Using this principle, we have first identified two different description styles, "universal descriptions" and "local descriptions", based on Bakhtin's ideas on the styles of novels, and social psychological analyses of epistle novels in the 18th century. Next, we have proposed an alternative way of writing psychology papers using an epistolary style, as correspondence between two or more people. This style realizes "inter-local descriptions" that combines and mediates both characteristics of universal and local descriptions.
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  • Analysis of Interview from Non-clinical Group
    Satomi Okuda, Yuko Okamoto
    2009 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 76-95
    Published: 2009
    Released: July 07, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The purposes of this research were to clarify the psychological features of the tendency towards anorexia and overeating eating disorders from feelings, consciousness and meanings behind anorexia and overeating eating disorders and to examine the stages that an adolescent goes through when developing an eating disorder. Pre-Research: The questionnaire that consisted of screening tests for university students was investigated. Main Research: The semistructured interviews were given to ten people. Psychological features of eating disorders from this research were analyzed in a series of time. The results were as follows: 1. The psychological process of anorexia shows "Desire to become thin and self-improvement desires", "Making of limitation custom", "Starvation habits", "Absorption in limitation and becoming a purpose". 2. On the other side, the psychological process of overeating shows "Diversion and comforts of the mind to stress", "Making of binge eating custom", "Obligation to overeating and dissociation", "Absorption in overeating and making overeating something to live for".
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  • Formation and Change of Peer Culture
    Hisako Shibasaka, Kiyomi Kuramochi
    2009 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 96-116
    Published: 2009
    Released: July 07, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Sharing routines performed by pre-schoolers consist of patterned and repetitive collective activities. In this study, we observed a preschool class for two years using a perspective focused on peer culture. One particular type of sharing routine shaped interactions during lunchtime. A child engaging in this pattern, for example, would rhythmically ask peers to, "Raise your hand, if you like apples". Other children would respond with answers of "Yes", and raise their hands. It appeared that this routine derived from question and answer exchanges between teachers and students. The children appeared to be excited during these rituals, particularly when acting in unison. Indeed, the children often repeated the routine several times, facilitating the development of group-oriented peer activities. During the first half of the first year, the children seemed interested primarily in participating in group-oriented peer activities, and in presenting themselves through the routine. Subsequently, the children also seemed to use the routine as a strategy for engaging in conversations and personal relationships.
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