This research constructs a more comprehensive and practical business analysis framework by differentiating between the business model and the business system. By defining the essence of the term "business model" as something that is simplified and used for reference, we can investigate how a model will function when creating a business system. Modeling methods are broken down into four patterns based on two key axes-learning from successes or mistakes and vicarious learning or experiential learning.
Concept of Business Model has become popular in business studies as well as practices in last ten years. It is, however, important and necessary to consider its philosophical foundations to develop theory and models further.. Two foundations are discussed here. Dialectical Monism and Management Esthetics. The author tells conditions for business executives as a concluding remarks.
This study is intend as a social scientific investigation for as to why in Japanese traditional entertainment industry, The Takarazuka opera has maintained its high quality performance and survived to this day, with a focus on the structure of business system. With a view towards examining more heuristic facts on the basis of data, I found three peculiarity points of this business system. 1) The career development processes of performers open to the public as performances 2) Those performances are opportunities work like a star selection system. 3) Customers obtain pleasure from performances and performer's career development processes.
In this article we will focus on some paradoxical results occurring in markets, and discuss that these paradoxical results should be the opportunities for the marketing. A growth-less market is not an unchanged market because unintended consequences lead changes in a market. In Japan, the era of the continuous market growth has been ended, but the change of market has not stopped. This should mean that there are still great opportunities for companies that operate their marketing in Japan..
The purpose of this paper is to discuss and make clear the significance and issues in the study of business system. This paper, first, extracts key concepts on the study of business system by classifying accumulated studies from the axes of 'analytical unit'. Then, this paper discusses the features on the perspective of business system by comparing with the related perspectives. The significance in the study of business system shown in this paper is following. First, it makes clear the long-term advantage and the uniqueness of companies and industries. Second, it explains the dynamics of interdependent relationship between companies with value-creations. Third, it can analyze diversified phenomena such as not only competition between companies and industries but also their establishment and continuation. On the other hand, one of the issues shown in this paper is the difficulty in generalizing the results obtained from case-study of business system and in showing the pragmatical implication from accumulated studies on business system.
This research paper discusses the availability and theoretical bounds of Cultured Industry Systems Approach, and in addition,the availability of Configuration Approach as a new approach which overcome its bounds is examined.In this regard, this paper analyze the case of Avex Group Holdings Inc. with use of Organigraph which is the analytical tool, and verify the possible application of Organigraph to discuss the availability of Configuration Approach.
Prior research on contents business suggests that business-systems are influenced by developing both technologies of producing contents and media technologies. However, there is little attention paid to the issues how new business-systems are built within developing these technologies and what activities certain firms make to build their business-system. To address this question, we explore the history of the Japanese record industry over 90 years from 1920s to 2000s. The findings are as follows. Emerging new technologies of producing contents causes bottleneck within producing side of industry, while emerging new media technologies causes bottleneck within consuming side. Building business-systems is to eliminate two sides of bottlenecks with the systems activating both new resource and sales channels.
In the field of safety research, the current area of focus for both academics and practitioners is the concept of a "High Reliability Organization" (HRO). It is a safety protocol to prevent accidents and enable rapid response in the event of unexpected incidents. However, an explanation of practice using HRO is insufficient by itself. Initially, research on an HRO involved a detailed analysis of the operations of an organization with low errors. Although, since HRO has changed into a powerful consulting and marketing label (e.g., Bourrier, 2011), appropriately introducing its essence offers better reliability and does not focus on its practice. Therefore, this paper clarifies the features of HRO research followed by a discussion on its limitations and theoretical pitfalls. However, describing these reasons for an HRO is irrelevant and we should instead focus on the implications and practice of the term. Finally, we analyze the use of HRO by companies and researchers to clarify the possibility in HRO research based on the practice based view.
Technology research has until the present aimed at understanding technology as an artificial matter constituted by physical elements and social elements in order to avoid treating technology as a physical cause of change. However, when technology is perceived as a network formed by different kinds of material as black boxes, the merkmals which characterize technology are vanish, leading to the disappearance of the technology. This article deduces a plan to recover the technology which has been vanished as an object of analysis in technology research by a rereading of the actor-network theory. Under this framework, the path will be found to recover the vanished technology from an analysis of the institutionalization of technical innovation in the making of the NC lathe machine tool market.
Since Winograd and Flores' (1986) classical work, CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) researchers have rejected the "rationalistic orientation" of cognitive science, and attempted to replace it with the "practice perspective" of human cognition. However, an ethnographic or "descriptive" turn in CSCW research has concealed the normative dimension of CSCW research and limited the field's potential for a revision of our knowledge enterprise. By reconsidering the role of a researcher s intervention in organizational practices, the author reinterprets "Participatory Design" in CSCW research, and examines its implication on information systems management.