Journal of Wind Engineering
Online ISSN : 1349-340X
Print ISSN : 1349-3507
ISSN-L : 1349-340X
Volume 40 , Issue 1
[No. 142]
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Technical Report
  • Hideyuki FUJIMOTO, Akira SARUKAWA, Koichi MIYASHITA, Osamu NAKAMURA, Y ...
    Type: Technical Report
    2015 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 1-7
    Published: January 31, 2015
    Released: August 26, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
     The accurate assessment of pedestrian-level wind environment is one of the major issues in the development of urban areas, which is usually evaluated on the basis of wind tunnel experiments. The accuracy of the assessment is directly related to that of wind speed ratio obtained from the wind tunnel experiments. There are some factors producing a difference between the predicted values from the wind tunnel experiments and actual values from field measurements. The present paper focuses on the following two factors. One is the effect of deciduous trees that are not reproduced in the wind tunnel models in most cases. However, there are many deciduous trees in urban areas, which may reduce the wind speeds near the ground significantly. The other is the effect of the wind direction fluctuation at the reference point. The range of fluctuation is generally much smaller in the wind tunnel flow than in the natural winds. The effects of deciduous trees and wind direction fluctuation on the wind speed ratio are investigated based on the results of wind tunnel experiments and field measurements at various locations in Tokyo.
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