We should promote it immediately to cope with the enormous temporary housing demand of the verge, because of the
outbreak of the Nankai Trough Earthquake and the Capital Earthquake, is concerned about the next matters. 1) We should utilize to private enterprise lease houses positively. 2) We should introduce the rent assistance method by housing vouchers.
3) We should utilize high quality construction temporary housings in disaster public housings.
The purpose is to grasp the current problems in the construction system of emergency temporary housings at Aichi
and to pose the problems on future efforts, aiming at building a more practical administrative system at the time of
To archive the purpose, we verified result of organizing the efforts currently being done by Aichi and the result of
questionnaire survey on the staff dispatched during the East Japan Earthquake and the Kumamoto Earthquake.
As a result of organizing the efforts currently being done by Aichi, we have prepared the list of candidate site for
constructing emergency temporary housings and the manual for emergency temporary housing construction.
Concerning the securing of candidate site for construction and the cooperation with municipal officials, we work for
As a result of conducting a questionnaire survey on the staff dispatched, it shows the importance to prepare for
securing a candidate site for the construction. On the other hand, there is possibility to consider about the specification
of emergency temporary housing.
About the things that have not been addressed concerning emergency temporary housings of Aichi prefecture
specifications are subjects in the future, and there is possibility of implementing citizen – academia – government
There is a big contrast between Japan and the US in the rules of foreclosure. Japan gave a strong protection of
short-term renters, which often hampered the foreclosure sale, while the US did not and does not. The US widely
uses non-judicial foreclosure for speedy and low-cost liquidation while Japan does not.
The authors conducted a research trip to the US in September, 2015. With the findings, we made a comparative
analysis of foreclosure systems of Japan and the US. We hope it will add an insight for the improvement of Japan's
The findings of the research trip are:
（1） Non-judicial foreclosure of the US is still speedier and lower-cost than judicial foreclosure after the financial
crisis in 2008.
（2） The REO (Real Estate Owned), bidding for and owning of the property by the mortgage holder, as well as
the strict eviction of unlawful occupants by the sheriff contribute to the efficiency of the US foreclosure system.
Japan should consider their applicability to her foreclosure system.
（3） In the wake of the financial crisis which hit countless residence owners, the federal government in 2009
introduced the protection clause for occupants of the mortgaged residence. In the same line, Washington D.C.
switched from non-judicial foreclosure to judicial foreclosure. These changes increased the transaction cost, lowered
the bid prices at the foreclosure sale, and made banks reluctant to finance housing. The social cost of these
changes, however, was much smaller than that of Japan's protection of short-term renters.
When resale of the sectional ownership is carried out from original division owner, even if there
are defects in the apartment, the apartment management union cannot claim for payment of the total amount of the damage. In order to make it possible to claim for payment of the total amount from the management union, legislation is necessary that with dealing of the sectional ownership, the right to claim based on the defects liability moves from a seller to a buyer.