Gifu University began campus-wide prohibition of smoking both inside and outside of buildings, and removed all smoking areas, ash-trays, and outdoor cigarette-butt receptacles in 2005. However, some smokers nevertheless smoked outdoors, clearly evidenced by the increasingly numerous discarded cigarette butts in some area of campus. It was suggested that not only students but also staff were involved. To promote smoke-free promotion on campus, we carried out a survey of staff tobacco use. We distributed an unsigned, self-completion survey to all 1,596 staff-members having an annual health checkup, and obtained a response from all of them. One hundred fifty were smokers, and the smoking rate was 9.4%. These smokers responded to questions regarding awareness of the campus-wide tobacco prohibition and knowledge of the health benefits of not smoking. The average number of cigarettes smoked was 14.7±8.2 per day, and the average duration of smoking was 16.5 ± 10.3 years. It is easy to suspicious for inability to smoke in the office during1 business hours, since more than 60% of smokers begin use of tobacco within 30 min of waking up each day. Fewer than 10% expressed an intention to discontinue smoking soon, but nearly 80% were interested in stopping smoking some time later. About 50% of the smokers answered that they can stop smoking with more than 50% confidence. From these results, an improved support system for staff to quit smoking may be helpful to promote compliance with this campus-wide smoking prohibition.
In his book “The Act of Will”, Dr. R.Assagioli, the founder of psychosynthesis which is known by its holistic view of human being and by its practical guide for human growth and Self Realization, points out that we use not only our strong will but our “skillful will” as well This aspect of will has not been acknowledged so far in the field of behavior modification. Will, however, is seen as the expression, of who we are in Psychosynthesis and the understanding and its development is crucial for our growth and our selfhood.
In this study, we explored the reality of the frequent use of this aspect of “skillful will”, in the process of smoking cessation by checking the words and the facts in the e-mail messages during the course of Quit Smoking Marathon (Kinen Marathon).
In the present situation, of education and society in general, where education, of self-direction (shutaisei) is considered to be important, the theme of reviewing the concept of will by exploring the other aspects like “skillful will” may give opportunity for disclosure of a new vision in the fields relating human growth like behavior modification in health care field or education.