[Background] Articles related to tobacco control activities have been increasing in number at the Japanese Society of Public Health. To clarify the beginning and time trend of such presentations, we reviewed all papers presented at annual meetings during 1954 and 2008.
[Methods] All the supplements for the Society between the 9 th meeting in 1954 and the 67 th meeting in 2008 were examined. When those titles or abstracts contained terms related to tobacco control, we selected and counted them as tobacco control papers.
[Results] The first papers by Yamaguchi on room pollution with tobacco smoke and other pollutants in a crowded train and by Hirayama and Hamano on environmental causes including tobacco for lung cancer appeared both in 1954. After 1979, more than 11 articles were presented annually for successive 30 years. In 2001,57 papers were recorded and this was the largest in number. Compared with the minimum session other than tobacco control, tobacco control session was same or larger in 24 years after 1978.
[Conclusion] The first tobacco control article was recorded in 1954, and more than 11 papers found annually after 1979.
[Background] In Japan, female smoking rate is increasing and is considered a social problem. This study was conducted to examine the feature of nicotine dependence and factors associated with willingness to quit smoking among female smokers.
[Methods] One thousand participants was selected from female smokers of 20 to 39 years old who were registered at consumer-monitoring investigative company. We constructed a questionnaire to examine the scale of nicotine dependence using the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) , the Tobacco Dependence Screener (TDS), some of questions of the Hooked on nicotine checklist (HONC). We also questioned participants on their willingness to quit smoking and experience of using nicotine replacement therapy.
[Results] From a total of 1000 responses we analyzed 975 of the available responses. Among the participants, 62.9% had the TDS scores over 5 who were indicated for nicotine dependence. However, Although there were 58 women who had a willingness for quit smoking within a month, only 34 of them had the TDS scores over 5, and only 8 of them were judged to be applied to Japanese medical insurance system by both TDS score and Brinkman index score for treatment of nicotine dependence.
[Conclusion] Most of young female smokers had definite nicotine dependence at TDS, and they had a desire to quit smoking. However, Brinkman index score of them didn't conform with the standards in medical insurance system. The results suggested that the current smoking cessation treatment in medical insurance system was not suitable for the fact of their nicotine dependence.
We analyzed how domestic environment had influence of the smoking behavior of the children, based on the data of the Nara lifestyle-related disease investigation of the children, and the following findings were obtained;
Among the boys, the smoking of the parents, particularly the father's smoking, affected the smoking experience of the children up to the fourth grader in the elementary school. On the other hand, after sixth grader in the elementary school, students had been received the strong influence of friends' smoking. Among the girls, the smoking habit of parents had not showed stronger influence than that among the boys. In addition, the smoking habit of friends showed strong influence among the junior high-school students. The smoking habit of parents associated with continuity of smoking habit of their children. The notice and advice of parents showed inverse association with smoking habit of their children, and they may be effective to prevent their children from smoking. Because of closely relation between smoking habit and other health associated habit including drinking and diet, we have to plan out comprehensive intervention toward domestic environment to improve them.
[Background] the relation to the smoking and fatigue on awakening has not been reported though the fatigue on awakening is an ordinary supplication. In this report, the focus was appropriated to the fatigue on awakening as worker's health indicator, and the relation to smoking and the fatigue on awakening as examined.
[Purpose] For employee's man, it is examined whether smoking is related to the fatigue on awakening. The method: A healthy questionnaire was distributed as a health care in the occupation, and the relation among smoking, the work environment, and the fatigue on awakening was examined.
[Analysis] The fatigue on awakening was assumed to be an induced variable, and the logistic regression of which the autonomous variable presence of smoking, the mental strain in work, the physical strain in work, the extra work for one month, the enterprise, and the age was analyzed. The odds ratio and the 95% confidence interval were calculated.
[Results] As a result of the logistic regression analysis, there were intentionally a lot of people where smokers felt the fatigue on awakenings more than the nonsmoker by the univariate analysis (The odds ratio:1.9 and 95% confidence interval:1.1-3.3) and the multivariate analysis (The odds ratio: 2.0 and 95% confidence interval: 1.1-3.8). In other items, as a result of the multivariate analysis, the mental strain in work (The odds ratio: 2.0 and 95% confidence interval: 1.1-3.6), the physical strain in work (The odds ratio: 2.2 and 95% confidence interval: 1.1-4.8), and the extra work for one month (The odds ratio:1.3 and 95% confidence interval: 0.7-2.5) were related to the fatigue on awakening.
[Conclusion] There were intentionally a lot of ratios of the person who had the fatigue on awakening in the smoker though the healthy questionnaire used this report was a subjective evaluation, and the fatigue on awakening was not a specific symptom.