Abstract [Background] There exists no simultaneous research examin-ing actual conditions of second-hand smoke prevention meas-ures at a number of universities and knowledge and awareness of faculty members working there on them. Due to this, the actual situations of knowledge and awareness of faculty mem-bers on second-hand smoke prevention measures implemented at universities have not been clarified. Thus, we researched the current conditions of second-hand smoke prevention measures at medical/welfare related universities and knowl-edge and awareness of faculty members on them. [Methods] We sent requests for cooperation to the research to the presidents of 21 universities with medical, nursing or welfare departments in Hyogo Prefecture and conducted a survey on anti-smoking conditions at 6 universities which agreed to cooperate. At the same time, we also targeted 861 faculty members at the 6 universities and researched their knowledge and awareness on second-hand smoke prevention measures. For the survey, we adopted the placement method utilizing anonymous automatic-recording questionnaires and conducted the survey from February to September 2011. The survey was implemented after ethical review by the university the researchers belonged to. [Results] 502 of 861 faculty members (58.3%) at the 6 univer-sities responded. For analysis, we only used valid responses from 495 people (57.5%). According to the anti-smoking clas-sification, 3 universities (285 members belonged to) were non-smoking facilities and 3 universities (210 members belonged to) were smoking facilities. 73% of the faculty members at non-smoking facilities and 59.6% at smoking facilities properly understood their anti-smoking classifications. 21.5% of re-spondents from non-smoking facilities and 47.9％ from smok-ing facilities answered that they were exposed to second-hand smoke, indicating a significant difference (p＜0.001). [Conclusion] Although medical/welfare related universities are supposed to have many faculty members with medical exper-tise, 30% faculty members at non-smoking facilities and 40% at smoking facilities did not properly understand their universi-
ties’ anti-smoking classifications. In addition, even at non-smoking facilities, where on-campus smoking is supposedly prohibited, second-hand smoke existed too.
【Abstract】 [Introduction] Implementation of measures to prevent passive smoking is progressing in numerous medical institutions, and cur-rently hospitals that include Psychiatric Unit are working on becoming smoking ban. However, there are few research reports on the implementation of policies for becoming smoking ban in university hospitals that include psychiatric unit. Thus, a key person interview was conducted on the current situation and the approaches leading to the banning of smoking in the Psychiatric Unit of A University Hospital which implemented a policy for becoming smoking ban in 2009. [Methods] A semi-structured interview was conducted with one member of the Smoking ban Working Group of A University Hos-pital, which has a Psychiatric Unit of 60 beds. The hospital is located in Tokyo. The research was conducted in March 2010. Imple-mentation of this study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the institute the author belonged to at the time of the research. [Results] It was suggested that the implementation of a smoking ban policy at A University Hospital was led by a strong manda-tory power due to the notice that was issued by the Hospital Director to become a smoking ban prompted by the opening of a smoking ban outpatient visit section. No changes in symptoms that could be assumed to be caused by the effect of the banning of smoking were observed in any of the patients due to the implementation of a smoking ban policy at the Psychiatric Unit. [Conclusion] The implementation of a smoking ban policy at the Psychiatric Unit of A University Hospital was prompted by an impending implementation of a measure to improve the treatment environment, the opening of a smoking ban outpatient visit sec-tion. Though the preparation period was short, they succeeded in making the Psychiatric Unit smoking ban.