[Background] The smoking rate of young female is still increasing, while the rate of adult male smokers is decreasing in Japan.
[Methods] We conducted a survey at workplaces regarding the current smoker's nicotine dependence and health behavior to promote efforts toward smoking cessation using self-administered questionnaires.
The subjects were employees of two workplaces.
Among current smokers, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and the Tobacco Dependence Screener (TDS) and questionnaires to examine their awareness of smoking cessation. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the factors related to awareness of smoking cessation.
[Results] The available response rate was 97.7%(302/307). The average TDS score was 4.3 for male smokers and 5.2 for female smokers. The TDS score for female smokers in their 20 s and 30 s was significantly higher than that of male smokers in the same age. The current smokers with 5 or more TDS scores felt less healthy than previous smokers and nonsmokers. The number of subjective symptoms and stress related to the factors other than jobs in current smokers were larger than those in previous smokers and in nonsmokers. A logistic regression analysis showed that TDS scores significantly indicated awareness of smoking cessation (odds ratio: 1.49, 95% confidence interval:1.11-2.0)
[Conclusion] It revealed that young female smoker's nicotine dependence with TDS was higher than young male smokers. The subjective symptoms and stress related to factors other than jobs were significantly related to the current smokers high TDS score.
[Objective] For extension of the healthy life expectancy and the adequacy of the medical cost, the smoking cessation measure is important as well as weight control and the acquisition of the exercise custom. Measures specialized in a metabolic syndrome from 2008 became the imposition to a medical underwriter, and a choice condition of the specific health guidance increased a smoking custom in that, and the smoking cessation promotion became the pivot of these measures again. However the body weight gain after the smoking cessation disturb a nonsmoking start or nonsmoking continuation. Therefore, this study examined the risk of body weight gain after the smoking cessation from the result of the periodical medical examination and lifestyle investigation in Japanese workers.
[Methods] We carried out a medical examination and lifestyle investigation in Japanese workers. There were divided into four groups of the non-smoking group, the smoking group, the smoking cessation group, re-smoking group. We examined the relations of a change and the weight change of the weight loss awareness and the relations of the body weight gain and corpulence-related index after the smoking cessation.
[Results] The body weight gain after the smoking cessation raised weight loss awareness. In addition, body weight gain was accepted in the smoking cessation group, but, as for the influence on corpulence by the body weight gain-related index, a meaningful change was recognized to all four groups.
[Conclusion] That there was individual difference was suggested by the transformation of the habit of others such as a dietary habit or the exercise custom that were able to include age and a drinking custom without becoming the factor to let the number of the corpulence-related index and risk indexes always increase as for the body weight gain after the smoking cessation.
[Objective] For extension of the healthy life expectancy and the adequacy of the medical cost, an anti-smoking measure is important as well as improvement of the corpulence and the acquisition of the exercise custom. The smoking cessation is an independent factor of the most important disease prevention, however the body weight gain after the smoking cessation disturb a nonsmoking start or nonsmoking continuation. The measures that were main for a metabolic syndrome became the duty to a medical underwriter from 2008, and the support that accorded with the individual action transformation stage is recommended in that. Therefore, this study examined the influence that the smoking cessation gives to weight loss will in Japanese Workers.
[Methods] We carried out a medical examination and lifestyle investigation in Japanese workers.
There were divided into four groups of the non-smoking group, the smoking group, the smoking cessation group, re-smoking group, and examined a change of the will of weight loss between four groups about a difference one year later.
[Results] As for the person, there were the least non-smoking group 59.6%, smoking group 68.9%, smoking cessation group 55.5%, re-smoking group 62.5% and he smoking cessation group together for the ex-consideration period after baseline and 1 when I watched the change of the weight loss consciousness stage to the back from a baseline for one year.
In addition, as for the person whom a baseline changed into for seedtime or the action period one year later in the consideration period, as for the person whom a baseline changed into at non-smoking group 26.8%, smoking group 31.6%, smoking cessation group 50.0%, re-smoking group 37.5% for the action period after 1 by a seedtime, as for the person who changed into the high rank stage at non-smoking group 17.2%, smoking group 18.4%, smoking cessation group 36.5%, re-smoking group 16.7% after 1,there was the most smoking cessation group in which case in four groups.
The person that weight loss awareness was finished for seedtime or the action period compared it with the person who was not so, and the number of the good habits was smoking cessation group, and I increased, but there was not the difference that was meaningful in the smoking group significantly.
[Conclusion] It was suggested that the smoking cessation influenced that I raised will of the weight loss.
[background] Although many investigations had performed about smoking of university students, investigations about the limitations of the tobacco price of university students are rarely reported. This time we conducted an investigation into the smoking limitation awareness of cost in university students.
[Methods] With the agreement to the explanation of the investigation, questionnaire were written and collected during the athletics lecture in the second degree university students.
[Results] The number of smoking students was 53(15%) out of 337. Average age to start smoking was 16.98 + 3.06 years old. Average number of cigarette per day was 8.96 + 7.47. Average cost on smoking was 160+166 yen, some students answered that they cost no money on smoking. The average upper limit for smoking was 480±302 yen.
[Conclusion] It was suggested that the smoking of the university student was related to the low tobacco price.
Because the education of smoking and smoking cessation to students in Schools of dentistry and dental hygienist is significantly important at the guidance of smoking cessation, we investigated how the educational institutions wrestle with the problems of smoking and smoking cessation by questionnaire. The questionnaire was send to 29 of School of Dentistry and 150 of Schools of dental hygienist (total179). The questionale includes environment of smoking, present condition of their education, contents of lecture, obstacles against their education and methods for resolve to the psdtracles. The answers were obtained from 26 of 29 (90%) in Schools of dentistry and 119 of 150 (79%) in Schools of dental hygienist (total:145 of 179; 81%). The education of smoking and smoking cessation was performed in above 70% of school by almost lecture form. The obstacles were “insufficiently of education time and staffs”. The methods for resolve were “improvement of attitude to smoking” and “taking lecture in training for education of smoking and smoking cessation”. From these answer, the training of the persons that guide smoking cessation is thought to be very important.