Japanese Journal of Smoking Control Science
Online ISSN : 1883-3926
Volume vol.8 , Issue 06
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  • Tomoko Iriya, Yuko Takahashi
    2014 Volume vol.8 Issue 06 Pages 1-6
    Published: 2014
    Released: July 23, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Abstract
    Background: According to preceding research on long-term changes of bodyweight after smoking abstention in America, males gained 4.4 kg of bodyweight and females gained 5.0 kg 10 years after smoking abstention. There is very little research on the changes in bodyweight at the time of and five years after smoking abstention, and little research on whether or not the changes of bodyweight abroad can be applied to those in Japan. Therefore, in order to verify the long-term changes of bodyweight in Japanese males, the changes in the BMI of the same ex-smokers and smokers over a period of 10 years were investigated.
    Method: Using the results of periodic heath checkups of male workers, this research extracted the changes over the years of the BMI of individuals from the ex-smoker and smoker groups for 10 years, and a retrospective cohort research was conducted.
    Results: The average BMI value of the ex-smoker group was compared with the BMI of the baseline year (22.16 ±3.01 kg/m3) and as a result, BMI continued to increase from the first year to the sixth year after smoking abstention and, at the 6th year after smoking abstention, it showed its highest values (22.84±3.3 kgm3). From the 7th year after smoking abstention (22.65±3.33 kg/m3), BMI did not tend to increase. As a result of the comparison of the baseline of each subject from the ex-smoker group with his or her BMI at the 10th year, 16 subjects showed higher BMI than the baseline and 14 subjects showed lower ones. Furthermore, compared with the baseline, the number of subjects who showed lower BMIs at the 10th year after quitting smoking were larger than that of those who showed lower BMIs at the 5th year. As a result of the comparison of the average BMI of smoker group in each year with its baseline, it gradually increased from the 5th year, and it was highest at the 9th year (23.78±3.17 kg/m2) compared with other years of the group. Compared with its baseline, it had significantly increased.
    Conclusion: It was revealed that the increase of bodyweight after smoking abstention does not extend over a long period. On the other hand, the BMI of the smoker group tended to increase from the 5th year. It suggested that smoking habits cannot be said to be useful for weight maintenance.
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