Journal of human and living environment
Online ISSN : 2433-2836
Print ISSN : 1340-7694
ISSN-L : 1340-7694
Volume 28, Issue 1
Displaying 1-13 of 13 articles from this issue
  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages App1-App2
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
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  • Yachiyo HIGASHI, Hiroko NOTO, Ayami TATEISHI, Yuhei KUROKAWA, Miharu M ...
    2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 1-8
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the occurrence of lower leg swelling due to prolonged standing in nursing practice and related factors in nursing college students. Twelve female nursing college students participated in this study. Lower leg swelling was evaluated in the morning and afternoon on nursing practice days and non-practice days. The measurement items were the volume, circumference, impedance, and water content of the lower leg and students' subjective feedback. Related factors, including the number of steps taken during the day, water intake, and muscle mass were also assessed. The circumference of the tibial tuberosity significantly increased, and the impedance significantly decreased after activities on the practice day compared with the non-practice day. Significant relationships were observed between the number of steps taken, water intake, lower limb muscle mass, and swollen lower leg. We found that nursing students' practice, which is an activity similar to nursing work, promotes lower leg swelling both subjectively and objectively. It was suggested that the swelling of the lower limbs was related to the number of steps and muscle mass of leg.

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  • Satomi KATO, Kazuo KATO, Yoshinori KOMATSU, Takeyoshi ISHIMATSU, Tetsu ...
    2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 9-20
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the elements used in the composition of the buffer zone of traditional farmer’s houses and to clarify that the form and design expressed as the buffer zone are adapted to the climate. The subjects were 114 houses in 8 prefectures in the Chubu region from the middle of the Edo period to the beginning of the Meiji period. The elements of the buffer zone were the porch Engawa, the wet edge Nure-en, the earth edge Tsuchi-en, the eaves Dobisashi, the doorway, the opening, and the wall. The frequency of appearance of these elements and the ratio to the front length were analyzed. As climate data, the authors used data on precipitation, temperature, wind speed, sunshine duration, and snow cover at four observatories in each prefecture. A cluster analysis was performed on the data of the housing buffer zone by prefecture. Yamanashi prefecture, which is adjacent to Aichi and Shizuoka prefectures on the Pacific side, was classified into one group, Nagano prefecture and Gifu prefecture located in the Chubu Mountains, and Toyama prefecture, Ishikawa prefecture, and Niigata prefecture on the Sea of Japan side. Classification results showing regional characteristics were obtained. A cluster analysis was conducted on climate data by prefecture. This classification result of climate almost corresponded to the classification of houses. It could be shown that the installed buffer zone of traditional houses is adapted to the local climatic conditions.

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  • Keisuke TERAMOTO, Keiki SUDA, Yui KATAOKA, Chika OYA, Erina MURAMATSU, ...
    2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 21-28
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of the present study was to clarify the influence of moderate short-term bicycle training on body composition and skeletal muscle fat content. The subjects participated in 65% VO2max bicycle training program. Anthropometry, body composition and ultrasonographically determined skeletal muscle thickness (MT), echo intensity (EI) and abdominal fat thickness (PFT: Preperitoneal Fat Thickness and SFT: Subcutaneous Fat Thickness) were assessed before and after training. EI and PFT were decreased significantly in spite of a non-significant change of MT, SFT, %fat and subcutaneous fat thickness during the training period. These results indicate that skeletal muscle fat content corresponding to EI and visceral fat accumulation corresponding to PFT may have different priorities for use as energy substrates compared with total and subcutaneous fat, and it was suggested that they may be preferentially reduced by exercise training.

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  • Saki MATSUURA, Yuko KASAHARA, Shigeko SHOYAMA
    2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 29-37
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    To clarify the appropriate sizes and shapes of plates on which to serve hospital meals to patients with loss of appetite, this study compared impressions of a hamburger steak, such as portion (hamburger steak) size perception and visual palatability of food, when served on “round plates-rimless”, “round plates-rimmed”, “square plates-rimless”, and “square plates-rimmed” of differing sizes. With a ratio of the hamburger steak diameter to plate diameter or side of 0.45-0.55 as the boundary, the hamburger steak looked smaller on larger plates and larger on smaller plates due to the Delboeuf illusion. On evaluation plates of the same size, the hamburger steak looked slightly smaller on rimless or round plates than on rimmed or square plates. “Round plates-rimless” with a diameter ratio of 0.50 or 0.55, “round plates-rimmed” with a diameter ratio of 0.40 or 0.45, and “square plates-rimmed” with a diameter ratio of 0.45 achieved generally high scores for the 4 subscales of portion size, ease of eating, balance, and palatability. These plates were suggested to be appropriate to improve loss of appetite in inpatients.

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  • [in Japanese]
    2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 39
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 40-43
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 44-48
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 49
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 50-51
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
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  • 2021 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 52
    Published: 2021
    Released on J-STAGE: August 13, 2022
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