生涯スポーツ学研究
Online ISSN : 2187-2392
Print ISSN : 1348-8619
12 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
原著論文
  • 谷 めぐみ, 長ヶ原 誠, 長岡 雅美, 伊藤 克広, 玉井 久美代, 増富 真子
    2015 年 12 巻 2 号 p. 1-13
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2017/04/10
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Since a high frequency of physical activity has an effect on the increased health of mind and body, indexing the frequency of activity has taken root in many exercise and sport policies. The other it is not argued enough to indexing continuity of activity and promotion of membership in organizations, and it is not argued about the association with exercise and sport promotion either. The purpose of this study considered the relationship between exercise and sport promotion in the local government and the frequency of activity, continuity of activity and membership in organizations among local residents; these are key elements of a policy in the sport promotion plan of city A. Questionnaires were sent to 3,000 male and female adults taken from a stratified twostage random sampling of the basic resident register 754. As the explanatory variables were set as basic attributes, and exercise and sports promotion, the response variables were frequency of activity, and continuity of activity and membership in organizations were analyzed through its type II Quantification. The results indicated both similarities and differences between frequency of activity, continuity of activity and membership in organizations, and exercise or sport promotion activities. However, to offer effective exercise and sport promotion to the citizen, this suggests the need for an actual exercise and sport promotion development in response to the indicators.
  • 備前 嘉文, 二宮 浩彰, 庄子 博人
    2015 年 12 巻 2 号 p. 15-23
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2017/04/10
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Recently, as the phenomenon so-called "Running boom", the number of people who enjoy running activities has been increasing dramatically. People usually participate in leisure activities such as running, cycling and swimming in their free time. Therefore, it is essential to negotiate several constraints to continue participating in those activities. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between continuing leisure activities and constraints in a daily life. In order to accomplish the goal, we examined the constraints that runners face in their daily life to participate in an urban marathon race through the framework of intrapersonal constraints and interpersonal constraints. An internet survey was conducted with participants of an urban marathon race, and a total of 1124 completed responses were collected in this study. As a result of the internet research, it was revealed that running activities become a part of their life for experienced runners, therefore they have sufficiently managed several intrapersonal constraints, especially physical condition, running skill and acquiring a vacation, in their daily life. In addition, it was also revealed that there is little interpersonal constraints for all runners regardless of the duration of running activities because it can be assumed that people who are surrounding them, such as family, have positive attitude for running activities.
研究資料
  • 伊藤 央二, 山口 志郎, 岡安 功, Gordon J. Walker
    2015 年 12 巻 2 号 p. 25-33
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2017/04/10
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this study was to examine similarities and differences in outdoor recreation constraints between Japanese adolescent proactive and reactive response groups (Jackson et al., 1993). To do so, this study conducted a questionnaire survey of undergraduate students at Kobe University. Based on their frequency of participation in outdoor recreation during the previous year, as well as their outdoor recreation motivation, participants were categorized into either a "proactive response group" (n = 255) or a "reactive response group" (n = 137). A Hotelling T2- test and follow-up t-tests were performed by using this dichotomous grouping as an independent variable and three types of constraints as dependent variables. Results showed a significant difference in intrapersonal constraint, but not in interpersonal and structural constraints, between the proactive and reactive response groups. As with Ito et al.'s (2016) findings, this result suggests that intrapersonal constraint is the key variable that must be negotiated to promote outdoor recreation among Japanese adolescents.
実践報告
  • 久保田 晃生, 印鑰 真人
    2015 年 12 巻 2 号 p. 35-43
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2017/04/10
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Objectives: In this study, we assessed the efficacy of International exchange project, China-Japan Exercise class that uses ICT to promote daily exercise practice. Methods: The exercise class was carried out in Atami-city, Japan and Shanghai-city, China. The participants were 29 women (Japanese: N=14, Chinese: N=15) aged over 60 years. The exercise class was short-term from 6 week. During the three-day period of the exercise class, the participants and instructors of both countries used Skype of ICT to have international communications. Preparation exercise, physical fitness measurement, and exercise practice, were carried out in simultaneous relay interspersed utilizing Skype. Participants each other were to exchange views of health promotion and preventive care. Behavioral science techniques, such as setting the target of exercise activity, self-monitoring and achievement evaluation, were consisted of exercise class to enhance exercise habits. The exercise practice situations were reported by leveraging homepage, e-mail, and FAX. The assessments were measured by the target achievement rate, average number of steps, percentage of each exercise intensity level. Results: All of the participants were able to continue for 6 weeks. The practical rate of exercise behavior goal during the period was more than 80%. The average number of steps was: 8,424∓4,219 steps at one week after the start, 9,210∓4,420 steps during the exercise class, and 9,865 ∓4,447 steps at one week after the exercise class. Conclusion: The exercise practices of the participants became active, and it was suggested that it was effective to promote exercises. The exercise class was an experiment that used general ICT environment, and it is a feasible exercise class.
日本生涯スポーツ学会第17回大会
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