The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of re-participation intention,
word-of-mouth, and affect among cycle sport event participants based on the affect valuation theory.
An online survey was conducted for the participants in a cycle sport event, and 110 participants
completed the survey. Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that ideal high-arousal
positive affect positively related to re-participation intention, whereas actual high-arousal positive
affect at the finish line positively related to re-participation intention and word-of-mouth. These
results align with the affect valuation theory, suggesting that sport participation behaviors in the
future can be predicated, to some degree, by knowing participants＇ ideal affect. The results also
clarified that, unlike ideal, actual high-arousal positive affect at the finish line leads to not only reparticipation
intention, but also word-of-mouth. This research indicates a great potential in the affect
valuation theory to advance the field of lifelong sports.
Masters Sport is well known for its motto: ＂Sport for Life,＂ and has since been researched
from sociological and psychological perspectives. Although Masters Sport events bring a lot of
benefits to individuals and the regions that host them, little is known about how to properly manage
the events. Also, this subject is of increasing importance to Japan with the 10th World Masters
Games 2021 coming up in Kansai. In order to maximise benefits from Masters Sport events, more
studies on event management are needed and it seems that Japan needs this sort of knowledge by
comparing with the cases of those leading countries. The purpose of this study was to clarify the
similarities and differences of event management on Masters Sport between Japan and Australia
by applying the ＂domain＂ of Silver＇s (2013) EMBOK (Event Management Body of Knowledge) model.
The two Masters Sport events called ＂Japan Sport Masters＂ and ＂Australian Masters Games＂
were set as the case studies. Data were derived from the archival materials, on-site observations
and interviews. We categorised these data into the seven classes of each model＇s five domains
(marketing, design, operation, administration, and risk) by content analysis, and then we compared
the total 35 classes of Japan Sport Masters with their counterparts of Australian Masters Games. In
order to better parallel the outcomes of these two cases, we focused on the similarities in the domain
of risk, as well as the differences in the domains of marketing, design, operation, and administration.
We found 12 similarities and 19 differences between those two events. This study has benefited
Lifelong Sport literature by providing a new perspective on event management and demonstrating
the utility of the ＂domain＂ of the EMBOK model as a unit of analysis for Masters Sport events.
The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity, physical fitness and functional
capacity of community-dwelling independent older women whose daily physical activity (PA) is
limited by knee pain. The participants were 102 women ≥65 years of age. Their knee pain and
activities of daily living were assessed using a questionnaire. The physical activity was measured
for two weeks using a uniaxial accelerometer. The physical fitness tests included handgrip strength,
knee extensor strength, stepping, one-leg standing time with eyes open, Timed Up-and-Go test and
10-m maximum walking test. The functional capacity was assessed using the Tokyo Metropolitan
Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence. In this study, the total steps per day and moderate
intensity PA were significantly lower in the knee pain group than in the no knee pain group. The
one-leg standing time with eyes open and maximum walking speed were significantly lower in
the knee pain group than in the no knee pain group. Furthermore, the steps per days, moderate
intensity PA and knee extension strength were significantly lower in those with knee pain on
walking or climbing stairs than in those with knee pain but no difficulty walking or climbing stairs.
The present study suggests that it is important to pay attention to not only knee pain but also knee
pain on difficulty walking or climbing stairs for preventive care.
The World Masters Games, which is the one of the biggest participant sport events, will
be hosted in Kansai in 2021. The purpose of this report was to explore constraints and constraint
negotiation among Japanese masters games participants in the international masters games. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight Japanese masters athletes in the World Masters
Games 2017 Auckland by asking about any problems they experienced (constraints) and the
strategies they adopted to overcome those problems (constraint negotiation). The results revealed
that Japanese participants in the international masters games experienced time constraints related
to work and family responsibilities. To overcome those constraints, they tried to manage their work
schedules (time negotiation) and to gain both understanding and support from their colleagues
and families (interpersonal negotiation) in order to participate in the international masters games.
Through a series of interviews, we cognized that Japanese participants in the international masters
games stood face to face with their constraints to overcome them using their respective strategies.