生涯スポーツ学研究
Online ISSN : 2187-2392
Print ISSN : 1348-8619
最新号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
原著論文
  • 平野 貴矢, 野川 春夫, 工藤 康宏
    2018 年 14 巻 2 号 p. 1-14
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/08/31
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this research was to explain the diffusion strategy in regards to the process of diffusion and diffusion stages of windsurfing in Japan. This descriptive study was based on the literatures relating to marine sports and leisure articles, for the target period of 1974 to 2010. In order to analyze the diffusion process of windsurfing in Japan, the authors attempted to employ Rogers's diffusion of innovation, and analyzed 5 stages of diffusion process from the 4 aspects such as marketability, penetrability, organization, and exposure. For the diffusion process index of "marketability," the number of board sales was used. For "penetrability," trends in the number of sales outlets were used. For "organization," the number of registered members of each sports association were aggregated and used as an index. For "exposure," the number of articles relating to windsurfing and boardsailing in magazines collected in the Ōya Soichi Bunko and in 4 national newspapers were the main source of information in this descriptive study. The main findings of this research study were as follows; (1) During the introductory stage, the effective diffusion strategy was organization. The supply of equipment became more fluid, and media exposure had strong influence during the growth stage. During the maturity stage, continuous innovation brought a variety of equipment. (2) The characteristics of the diffusion process in windsurfing was the shift from seasonal leisure sports to year-round leisure sports in the maturity stage. Even in the saturation stage, the number of registered association members appeared to increase. (3) In order to sustain the diffusion process of windsurfing, it is necessary to utilize various media, including social media, after the maturity stage. (4) The ideas of five diffusion stages seemed to be suitable for clarifying the relationship between thediffusion process and the diffusion strategy of windsurfing in Japan. (5) The correlation among 4diffusion indices appeared to be sophisticated to analyze the diffusion process of leisure sports so that more in-depth study will be recommended.
  • 澤田 亨, 川上 諒子, 伊藤 智子, 丸藤 祐子, 福士 朝尋, 藤江 亮介, 岡 浩一朗, 坂本 静男, 樋口 満
    2018 年 14 巻 2 号 p. 15-
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/08/31
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    We examined the relationship between frequency of watching baseball games and the physical, social, and psychological characteristics among elderly people who participated in an intervention study titled effects of spectating professional baseball at the stadium on healthrelated outcomes in middle-aged and older adults. We used self-administered questionnaires and surveys to determine physical, social, and psychological characteristics. During the study period, we provided participants with free tickets to professional baseball games. We recommended that each participant attend at least two games per month, but to avoid excessive attendance. Following the study period, we used questionnaires to determine the characteristics associated with attendance at professional baseball games. Whether or not a participant attended games frequently was used as the objective variable, and other characteristics were used as explanatory variables in a stepwise multiple regression or multiple logistic regression analysis, to determine which physical, social, and psychological characteristics correlated with attendance frequency. There were 57 participants in this study, with a mean age of 74 years. The mean attendance frequency was 3.3 times per month. Attendance frequency had a significant negative correlation with the presence of an orthopedic disorder. There was a significant positive correlation with the frequency of attendance at social outings. There was also a significant negative correlation with subjective happiness and a positive correlation with physical quality of life. This study showed that elderly participants who frequently attended professional baseball games did not have orthopedic diseases, tended to go on frequent, regular outings, had a low level of subjective happiness, and had a high physical quality of life. Further study is needed to clarify the factors correlated with attendance at sporting events by the elderly. The information can be used to provide an environment conducive to attendance by the elderly at sporting events in stadiums.
研究資料
  • 伊藤 克広, 山口 泰雄
    2018 年 14 巻 2 号 p. 27-39
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/08/31
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this study was to examine sport policies for children in New Zealand using qualitative research methods. The qualitative research methods used in this study were literature survey, indepth interviews and participant observation. Indepth interviews were conducted to 7 staffs of Sport New Zealand, 2 staffs of Sport Wellington and 2 staffs of Sport Auckland. Participant observation was conducted in PE classes of primary schools in Auckland and Wellington. Contents analyses were applied to the date obtained from literature survey, indepth interviews and participant observation. Sport policies for children in New Zealand were developed by cooperation with Sport New Zealand and Regional Sport Trusts. Sport policies for children in New Zealand were 「KIWI SPORT」. The aims of KIWI SPORT were to 「increase participation in children, both inside and outside of school hours」, 「increase the number of opportunities children have to participate in sport, by making opportunities accessible and available to them」 and 「develop skills in children to allow them to participate effectively in all sporting opportunities」. The important point of KIWI SPORT was 「The Physical Literacy」. The contents of 「The physical literacy」 were 「Move」, 「Communicate」 and 「Think」. PE classes of primary schools were based on 「The Physical Literacy」. In addition,PE classes of primary schools were focused on learning programs, not consisted of competition programs. Children learned 「Fundamental Movement Skills」 and 「Fundamental Sport Skills」. The outcomes of KIWI SPORT were as follows; 1) 2,705,001 participants had taken part in KIWI SPORT since2009, 2)90% of children had taken part in sport and recreation more than three hours a week.
短報
  • 山口 志郎, 高松 祥平, 伊藤 央二, 岡安 功
    2018 年 14 巻 2 号 p. 41-52
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/08/31
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    On June 11th, 2017, the Japan Sport Agency announced the outdoor sports promotion declaration. To promote outdoor sports in Japan, the Japan Sport Agency and local governments have been working on the sustainable development of nature-based sport tourism. However, the population of outdoor sports including skiing and snowboarding has decreased. In addition, the recent populations of Tokushima and Kochi prefectures have decreased, and their semimountainous areas have faced with the decreasing populations. To explore sustainable sport tourism development, the following four topics were addressed in this report by focusing on the Yoshino River: (a) strategies of tourism development; (b) the state of outdoor sports; (c) the World Rafting Championship 2017; and (d) community development through rafting. On the basis of the results, Miyoshi City has promoted the improvement of approachable and preferable environment for inbound tourists. The Yoshino River plays a role in providing a meeting place for potential partners through rafting participation (e.g., Sport Konkatsu). At the World Rafting Championship 2017 Japan, people enjoyed not only watching the rafting races, but also nature-based tourism resources by using the service of a stamp rally and smartphone application. However, some problems (e.g., a small number of rafting athletes, spectators' stands) were also identified at the sport event. Community development through rafting tourism has contributed to employment opportunities for local residents, the promotion of local commitment among young people, and the improvement of local residents' living conditions.
  • 田引 俊和, 仲野 隆士, 松本 耕二
    2018 年 14 巻 2 号 p. 53-59
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/08/31
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Drawing on twenty years of annual aggregate data collected from activity sites across Japan, this study analyzed trends and characteristics among people with intellectual disabilities who are members of the Special Olympics, an organization that supports lifelong sporting activities for people with intellectual disabilities. The state of social resources related to support for sporting activities for children and adults with intellectual disabilities was also examined. The results of the analysis identified the following characteristic trends among people with intellectual disabilities who are members of the Special Olympics Nippon. (1) While the number of members with intellectual disabilities increased steadily after the start of the organization's activities in 1994, this number has remained steady at slightly under 8,000 individuals since 2009. (2) Between 2011 and 2016 (the years for which detailed records of age exist), the proportion of boys aged 8–15 years old decreased from 19.5% to 13.6%, and of boys aged 16–21 years old from 25.1% to 22.7%. (3) In contrast, the proportion of men aged 22 years and over increased from 32.6% to 41.1%. (4) These changes are only apparent for men, with no significant increase or decrease among women. Conversely, no particularly significant changes were apparent in recent years in relation to school education, local sports, of relevant social welfare services. The relative decline in new membership among young people and the stagnation of membership even as sports are being promoted throughout society indicate that the organization is not moving in a developmental direction. The results of this study suggest the need for more detailed research in the future.
日本生涯スポーツ学会第19回大会
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