The Splachnaceae is the only moss family in which
entomophily has been observed. Some chemical compounds
are produced and released by the sporophyles.
Flies attracting to and visiting the sporophytes
of Splachnum ampullaceum are examined based on
the photographs taken in Mts. Yatsugatake, central
Honshu, Japan. The flies are two species of Muscidae,
Polietes nigrolimbata and Muscina pascuorum.
Judging from much larger body sizes of flies, crowded
sporophytes can increase the amount of produced
chemical compounds to attract them as well as an effective
Funaria flavicans Michx. is added to the moss flora
of Japan. The species is closely related to F. hygrometrica
Hedw., but has leaves acuminate tip, endostome
segments about 1/4 as exstome teeth. It was
found on sandy soil at Northern Japan. Description
（in Japanese）and illustrations of the species are given.
Specimens examined: Japan, Kyushu, Kumamotoken,
Kuma-gun, Mizukami-mura, Mt. Ichifusa, summit
area located on the prefecture border with Miya
zaki, 32°18′42″N, 131°06′04″E, 1,720 m elev., on rock,
September 4, 2015, Kyo 214 （HIRO-1031122）；ditto,
November 28, 2015, Katagiri 4241（HIRO-1033016）．