循環制御
Print ISSN : 0389-1844
36 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の6件中1~6を表示しています
特集
総説
  • 志馬 伸朗
    2015 年 36 巻 1 号 p. 11-17
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/27
    ジャーナル フリー
     敗血症性ショックの予後を改善する重要な治療介入に、診断早期の循環/酸素代謝蘇生がある。2000年以降、早期目標指向型治療のアルゴリズムに基づく早期の蘇生が重要とされてきた。平均動脈圧と動脈血乳酸値を主な治療目標とし、リンゲル液などの補正晶質液を初期1時間で30ml/kgあるいは2,000mlを目処に急速投与すると共に、ノルアドレナリンなどの血管作動薬を使用する。しかし、輸液製剤・循環作動薬の選択、中心静脈圧や中心静脈血酸素飽和度などその他の循環指標の使用、アルゴリズムの使用などが議論され続けている。また、過剰すぎる輸液の弊害も指摘されている。最近のエビデンスを踏まえ概説する。
原著
  • Nobuhiro Tanaka, Hideo Tokuyama, Yosuke Uchida, Yuji Morimoto, Tsuyosh ...
    2015 年 36 巻 1 号 p. 18-24
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    The clinical significance of cerebral oxygen saturation(rSO2) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy during pediatric cardiac surgery has not been determined yet. We therefore evaluated the patterns of rSO2 changes during pediatric cardiac surgery in patients with cyanotic and non-cyanotic heart defects and also evaluated the causes of changes from the physiological data.
    One hundred eleven children under 6 years old who underwent cardiac surgery with cardio-pulmonary bypass(CPB) for congenital heart defects were divided into cyanotic and non-cyanotic groups. rSO2 was measured every 5s throughout the surgery. The values were averaged before, during and after CPB. Intraoperative physiological data were collected at the start of surgery(T1), 5 min after the start of CPB(T2) and 10 min after the end of CPB(T3).
    There were 58 patients in the non-cyanotic group and 53 patients in the cyanotic group. In the non-cyanotic group, the average rSO2 during CPB was significantly lower than before and after CPB, and the mean arterial pressure and hemoglobin concentration were significantly lower at T2. In the cyanotic group, there were no significant differences of the average rSO2 among the periods, although the physiological data, including the PaO2 and hemoglobin levels, dramatically changed.
    The patterns of rSO2 changes during pediatric cardiac surgery with CPB were different between the cyanotic and non-cyanotic groups. Various changes of physiological data might affect the changes of rSO2. The diversity of rSO2 changes may be one of the causes of the non-establishment of rSO2 monitoring in pediatric cardiac surgery.
症例
  • Shinya Kanazawa, Ryu Okutani
    2015 年 36 巻 1 号 p. 25-27
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    Although it is common to administer intrathecal morphine for relief of pain associated with cesarean section, persistent hypothermia is a little-known adverse effect of subarachnoid morphine administration. We report a case of persistent hypothermia after subarachnoid anesthesia during an elective cesarean delivery. The mother received subarachnoid anesthesia with 11 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine along with an accidentally high dose of 1 mg of morphine. Shortly after delivery, her temperature was 36.1°C, decreasing at 2 hours after anesthesia induction to 34.0°C, in spite of active warming. At the time, the patient was heavily perspiring, and reported feeling hot and nauseous. Since the symptoms were suspected to be due to subarachnoid morphine, 0.2 mg naloxone was administered intravenously over a 10-minute period. Immediately after commencing naloxone administration, the patient felt cold and began shivering, her body temperature returned to 35.5°C after about 1 hour and did not decrease again, following which a stable course was observed. Delayed and persistent hypothermia attributed to accidental high-dose intrathecal morphine administration was reversed with naloxone administration.
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