The relationships between the dietary habits and cold constitution in female students were studied by a questionnaire method. Among 528 female students, the students with the cold constitution (cold group) was about 57%, and the students without the cold constitution (control group), about 43%. The cold group tended to dislike of foods mainly containing animal proteins such as meats, fishes and eggs, suggesting that some shortage of these animal proteins may be involved in slender figure in the cold group. On the other hand, no significant difference was found in favorite foods and beverages in both control and cold groups. In addition, there were many students without breakfast especially in the cold group compared with the control group. These findings suggest that the nutritional improvement of everyday diet in the young women with the cold constitution is probably in part responsible for ameliorating their cold constitution.
The efficacy of gastric X-ray findings in assessing Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication was investigated by studying X-ray findings before and after successful H. pylori eradication. Prior to and one year following successful H. pylori eradication, double contrast gastrography in the supine position were examined for mucosal fold width; gastric area at the fundic gland mucosa; the fundic-pyloric gland border ; and contrast medium adhesion to the gastric wall. Subjects were eight patients in whom successful H. pylori eradication was confirmed. There were four men with an average age of 44.5 years and four women with an average age of 41.7 years. Prior to eradication, one patient had gastric ulcer, five patients had duodenal ulcer or ulcer scar, one patient had chronic gastritis, and one patient had gastric erosion. Of the eight patients, mucosal fold width was measured before and after eradication in seven patients, and the width decreased in all seven patients. Gastric area was assessed before and after eradication in six patients, and a decrease was seen in four patients : from F1 type (large) to F2 or F3 type (small) . However, there was no change in the fundic-pyloric gland border in any of the patients before and after eradication. Contrast medium adhesion did not exacerbate after eradication in any of the patients. Of the eight patients, adhesion was favorable in four patients before eradication and in seven patients after eradication. These findings suggest that it is possible to assess H. pylori eradication by determining mucosal fold width, gastric area of the fundic gland mucosa, and contrast medium adhesion on double contrast gastrography.
Recently, the medical examinee who takes the supplement has increased rapidly. It is considered that at present, a supplement intake is one of the lifestyle habits. It is necessary to also rightly grasp a supplement intake, because the final purpose of medical examination is the improvement on lifestyle habit. However, there are no report on an intake of the supplement. This time, we investigated the kind of taken supplement, intake periods, intake start age, intake motives for medical examinee. From the statistics of interview sheet, intake rate of the supplement were man 10%, woman 20%. In the motive which took the supplement, they were first“the fatigue recovery”, next“the human advises it”. Vitamin occupied 42% on the kind of taken supplement. Though the effect of the supplement was not clarified, there was an example with the effect in the test value. It is necessary to grasp the supplement intake of medical examinee by the biographic data.
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships among age, obesity index, smoking habit and serum lipids in a Japanese male population. The subjects were 11, 679 Japanese men, aged between 30 and 59, who had a health check up at Tokai University Medical Examination Center during a period between April 1995 and March 1996. The subjects were divided into 3 groups according to their age ; 30 s, 40 s and 50 s, and then subdivided into four groups according to smoking habits : A, non-smoker ; B, ex-smoker ; C, 1-20 cigarettes a day ; D, over 21 cigarettes a day. Dietary habits and alcohol consumption were surveyed using a questionnaire. The data were analyzed in relation to smoking habit. In the smoker group of all decades, the triglyceride levels were higher (p<0.001), and total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were lower than in the non-smokers (p<0.001) . These trends were marked in older subjects. Compared with the non-smokers, the smokers ate less, weighed less and consumed more alcohol (p<0.001) . Most of these indices showed a dose-response correlation with the number of cigarettes consumed. There was no difference between groups A and B in all age. These findings were consistent with the former analyses of our data from 11, 708 male with medical check-up in 1991. Our findings indicate that smoking habit effects on serum lipids, dietary habits, and the obesity indices in adult males.
We had surveyed and reported on Normal Tension Glaucoma (NTG) in examinees in our Medicine and Health Sciences Institute for five years. At the time of our previous oral report, the chairman asked whether possible to detect NTG even by anyone who is no ophthalmologist. As the reporter replyed soon, “possible”, we will report here the possibility with our cases based on the fundus photos and the visual field (VF) changes. Objects are the fundus photos and the VF changes of NTG selected from 93 patients who were diagnosed of NTG in our department of ophthalmology for three years. Fundus photos were closed examined by ophthalmologists concerning four aspects : Splinter Hemorrhage at the disc's edge (SH), Nerve Fiber Layer Defect (NFLD), Bayoneting at the disc's edge (BDE) and Notching at the disc's edge (NDE) . The relation between the four aspects and the VF change was discussed in our managing center of patient data. The possibility of detection was then certified. The relation among them were as followed : 1) At the disc's edge of NFLD, SH had retrospectively been found out. 2) Clear NFLD had nasal step in VF. 3) Clear NFLD and BDE had paracentral scotoma.4) NFLD with NDE and BDE had arcuate scotoma. 5) Clear NDE and plural BDE had the half VF defect. It might be possible to detect NTG by not only specialist for glaucoma but also everyone who takes part in the fundus photos, if the existence of the four aspects and the relation of their VF changes described above were prepared beforehand.