Health Evaluation and Promotion
Online ISSN : 1884-4103
Print ISSN : 1347-0086
ISSN-L : 1347-0086
Volume 38 , Issue 6
Showing 1-14 articles out of 14 articles from the selected issue
Original Articles
  • Hidetaka Horie, Youko Shibata
    2011 Volume 38 Issue 6 Pages 719-726
    Published: 2011
    Released: September 01, 2013
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
     To estimate the lower limits of mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), we examined data from 988 samples with C-reactive protein levels of 0.0mg/ dl. Samples were obtained from 400 40-59-year-old Japanese females who consulted our institute for health screening between April 2007 and March 2011. At a serum iron value over 90μg/dl level, the hemoglobin concentration, MCV and MCH were 13.6±0.8 g/dl, 91.3±3.6fl and 30.2±1.4pg, respectively. Compared to those at a serum iron level over 90μg/dl level, the serum iron levels relative to hemoglobin concentration, MCV and MCH significantly decreased to 65-74μg/dl (hemoglobin concentration; 13.0±0.9 g/dl, p=3.3E-05), 65-74μg/dl (MCV; 89.1±6.1fl, p=2.8E-04), 75-84μg/ dl (MCH; 29.5±1.7pg, p=1.4E-04), respectively. At a serum iron level of 35-44μg/dl, hemoglobin concentration, MCV and MCH were 12.0±1.0 g/dl, 83.8±5.7fl and 26.7±2.3pg, respectively. We performed multiple regression analyses of the serum iron levels using hemoglobin concentration and MCV or MCH as explanatory variables. We estimated the serum iron level of the sampling data, which showed serum iron level over 90μg/dl, using two different regression formulae. When the estimated serum iron level was within normal limits and the hemoglobin concentration was 12.0 g/ dl, the lower limits of MCV and MCH were calculated as 88.9fl and 29.0pg, respectively, and when the hemoglobin concentration was 12.8 g/dl, the lower limits of MCV and MCH were calculated as 84.8fl and 27.9pg, respectively. Therefore, we should evaluate a 40-59-year-old female for anemia when MCV ≤ 90fl and/or MCH ≤ 29pg, indicating microcytic anemia.
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  • Safumi Imaeda, Tsutomu Hayashi
    2011 Volume 38 Issue 6 Pages 727-736
    Published: 2011
    Released: September 01, 2013
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
     Laboratory tests are used for diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic evaluation of diseases; however, the reference values used are obtained from populations. Therefore, abnormal changes tend to be overlooked when the changes are small, or detailed examinations tend to be recommended in excess when laboratory values exceed the reference values on health check-ups and so on. In this study, we obtained individually-based reference values from consecutive laboratory tests and examined whether subtle changes could be detected. The results suggest that the use of individuallybased reference values would allow the detection of abnormalities not detectable when populationbased reference values are used; thus, we consider individually-based reference values to be more useful in making judgments than population-based reference values. The prerequisite for obtaining individually-based reference values is to obtain consecutive laboratory values using the same measurement methods. In fact, however, laboratory tests are usually performed at different facilities, making it impossible to perform these tests uniformly. In order to calculate individually-based reference values based on consecutive laboratory test values properly, we believe it is necessary, in addition to internal accuracy control or the external accuracy control review currently performed at participating individual facilities, to ensure laboratory values by obtaining ISO15189 and to provide more stable laboratory values.
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