The institutional framework for housing policy in Japan was started in the immediate postwar period by the Government
Housing Loan Corporation, publicly-operated housings, and the Japan Housing Corporation. Japan achieved its goal of “one
house per household” in 1973, two decades after the postwar housing shortages.
In recent years, rapid aging and a falling birthrate have prompted a major shift in the focus of housing policy from
ensuring an adequate quantity of housing to improving the overall quality of residential life. “The Basic Act for Housing”
in 2006 provides a road map for the achievement of enhanced residential living standards. Measures are now being
implemented under the Basic Program for Housing from FY2016 to FY2025.
Factors of recent housing distress are not only economic factors but also factors of congestion, so it is necessary to
consider various countermeasures against diversifying poverty factors.
It is important to examine the scope and method of safety net policies for the community extensively. To functionate the
safety net of these markets, it is important to recognize the importance of the long- term operation system of the rental
housing and to share the social value of the rental housing in the area by community residents, the industry, and the
The rental housing must be a business that is evaluated for sociality and it is necessary to realize a stable living condition
built up by both rental housing and market with the safety net.
In this paper, I present the making technique of housing safety net plan by the cooperation of public housing and private
rental housing. Moreover, I point out the importance of cooperation system of mutually related current plans about housing
safety net such as basic housing plan and preventive maintenance plan of public housing.
The article discusses the linkage between urban planning system and housing policy in Japan. As one can imagine easily,
there has been close linkages between them, like housing and urban infrastructure development in the era of urbanization,
promotion of housing supply during the term of extreme rise of land price in metropolitan centers or utilization of existing
real estate stocks like vacant houses in present days. However, there seems to be less linkage in some fields on which close
collaboration is supposed to be essential. While densification of built-up areas, which is now often called as “compact city
policy”, has been one of the most important issues in the field of urban planning, housing theories policies doesn’t show
enough criteria to evaluate better housing conditions following to the transition of people’s preferences. On the other hand,
urban planning system hasn’t shown interest to so-called housing poor, which seem to become varied in recent decade. To
strengthen the linkage between them, both system and policy should share the recognition of contemporary problems and
desired direction, before considering practical ways of collaboration between them.
This paper describes the residential population dynamics, the state of current housing supply and existing housing, the
policy for newlyweds and families with children, the public housing and private housing, the redevelopment of areas
packed with old residences, the measure of vacant houses, the attractive urban design and providing housing information in
Through the middle of year 2018 to the beginning of 2019, there have been dramatic changes of housing policy based on
the housing strategy or plan, as a political statement or a commitment, by new or continuing administration in the US, the
UK and Germany.
The background could be commonly illustrated by the pressure of national voices due to social and economic problems
derived by population and household growth through historical increase of immigrants and recent sharp increase of
refugees. But there are also some temperature differences naturally among these 3 countries as the housing policy is
regarded as an independent local policy made in consideration of the culture of people’s living thereof.
This article does not intend to argue on the Populism in relation to increasing immigrants and/or refugees, but to present
the latest situation of housing policy changes in each country, and to reconsider “What is a housing policy and for whom?”
Because it is likely that Japan would encounter the similar situation within a visible term, we have to prepare for it.
This study examines the transition in German housing policies with regard to the emergence of small housing projects
that cater to specific regional contexts and demands. Social housing scheme has changed dramatically over the past two
decades in Germany. Originally designed as a state-subsidized housing program for a broad spectrum of society, it has
now shifted to providing residualized support on a much smaller scale to those who cannot afford to purchase a house in
the housing market. As a result of institutional reform, social housing has further decentralized. The federal government
has withdrawn financial support, and devolved it to the states in 2006. Each state has instituted its own program, which
responds to specific regional contexts and demands. On the other hand, housing allowances offered by the government
consider the economic ability of a household to access adequate housing. Their individual transfer effect is highly
evaluated as a purposely designed system. However, the Hartz IV Reforms of 2005 have caused problems by making
housing benefit an alternative to housing allowances. Recently, in urban regions with high growth, small but innovative
housing projects have implemented regional policies and successfully moved beyond pilot phases, stimulating a new
perspective on housing policies.
This paper will summarise and examine the impacts of social security reform on British housing policy. Social security
system has played an important role in supporting those with low income to secure their dwellings as well as stimulating
housing market. However, British social security system has become more complex with several tax credit systems, which
was expected to increase work incentives for those in working ages, introduced since the 1990s. It has also become serious
issues for the government to control social expenditures since the financial crisis since the 2010s. The conservative
government has conducted social security reform in which several cash benefits would be integrated to a single cash
benefit, Universal Credit. The reform has faced many technical difficulties and full implementation has been delayed, but it
would be completed within several years and current Housing Benefit would be replaced by new Universal Credit. The
prospects of the reform are still unclear, although the quality of dwellings and the level of benefits would be a matter of
In this paper, I trace the evolution of US housing policy toward greater hybridity. Drawing from a case study of the
Atlanta Housing Authority, we showcase two housing programs, HOPE VI and Moving to Work, in order to highlight
current innovations in the provision of housing for low-income populations and the entrenched hybridity that is evident.
This article mainly explains the transformations underlying the gradual privatisation and deregulation of Swedish
housing policy after the mid of 1970’s. The housing has been one of the important component to shape the Swedih welfare
state after 1930’s. The 2nd leader of Swedish Social Democratic party, named Per Albin Hanson showed policy agenda
named Folkhem (the ‘people’s home’) in 1928. This agenda promoted to establish welfare state, operating simultaneously
with regulated housing policy. Between Folkhem era and 1974, huge amount of housing were provided in the suburbs of
middle and big size of cities in Sweden with regulating housing provison. In the first of 1990’s Swedish housing policy
gradually shifted to privatisation, because of influence of neoliberalism and accedence of EU. Currnetly Swedish housing
policy functions to complement private housing markets
This article argues about the direction of recent French housing policies focusing on the social rental housing sector. In
France, the supply of social rental has been promoted strongly by successive central governments since from 2005 in order
to 1) defend housing right by providing an adequate dwelling to people with great difficulties, and also to 2) realize ‘social
mix’ through assuring housing diversity everywhere in urban districts corresponding to the municipal boundaries. In this
process, the positioning, activities and interrelationships of each stakeholders, especially those of social landlords and local
governments have been transformed. The current French administration requires more efforts to them through the reduction
of housing allowance and strengthening the duties applied to the urban municipalities which don’t have enough social
housing. The recent direction poses questions on the functions of social rental housing as well as the effectiveness of the
measures introduced by the central government to assure housing for people with great difficulties.
The housing policy of Korea, based on the 'Framework Act on Residence (2015)', has a residential road map (2017) to
promote housing welfare with the 10-year comprehensive plan (2013~2022). Housing welfare comprises various programs;
special supply of public rental housing for the young and newly married couples with financial support, expansion of social
housing supply by the third sector, making the housing disadvantaged like the elderly and the disabled to live in community
care housings rather than the facilities, enlarging housing services to support community activities and living, and
expansion of housing welfare centers to strengthen the housing welfare delivery system.
Income disparity is widening globally under neoliberalism. In most of major Asian cities, as housing and real estate
prices have been rising faster than income, the housing gap between social classes and generations has been expanding.
Under such circumstances, Singapore has maintained affordable public housing policy with strong government
commitment, raised its quality level. This paper aims at reviewing characteristics of the public housing policy of Singapore
and its evolution from viewpoints of (1) presence of public housing in Singapore, (2) affordable housing policies, (3)
upgrading and renewal strategies of Housing & Development Board (HDB) towns and estates, (4) rapid ageing society and
policy responses on public housing, and sustainable smart town development.
Singapore's public housing policy is a device for social stability in the neoliberal economic society. The sale of
subsidized public housing with a variety of housing grants based on the ability to pay also functions as a system of
redistribution of wealth. Taking advantage of the quantitative base that public housing accounts for nearly 70% of the
housing stock and 80% of the citizens and permanent residents live in the public housing, the government effectively makes
policies on sustainable urban management and creating elderly people friendly society. All these contribute enhance the
quality of life of Singapore
The purpose of this research is to practice the two-step renovation experiment of public rental dwelling unit, UR
Freestyle House and verify the effects and the problems. As a result, we got a good impression about the two-step
renovation process from the hearing survey of young people. In addition amateurs were able to finish self-repairing
experiment by expert support with much lower cost than the outsourcing cost to builders. However, the fact that the
total amount such as material cost and personnel expenses for support was more than the cost that the questionnaire
respondents would want to spend was an issue for further study .