Contemporary Japan has huge space resources. Not limited to housing. It is almost half a century since we started
building a new building with unprecedented momentum. As its result, the amount of buildings that everyone can use is
huge. Looking at the number of housing units per capita for example, there are 0.48 housing units per capita in Japan.
(2013) This far exceeds 0.43 in USA in the same year. If there is a problem unique to this huge space resources country, it
will be how much such space resources can be used as places for people's rich living. In this paper, three advanced
approaches to the use of space resources are introduced.
Renovation, reverse mortgages and rental are being conducted as methods of utilizing existing houses, but both methods
have disadvantages and are inadequate.
Using “Fixed term lease contract” and “Lifetime lease contract”, the existing housing should be utilized mainly by
leasing for the elderly.
As for the “Spouse's residence rights” that newly occurred due to the revision of the Civil Code, there is an effect of
increasing the liquidity of existing houses and reducing them, so active discussion is expected on how to utilize them.
There are four types of the Housing Defect Warranty Liability Insurances for existing houses, roughly classified
according to the size of remodeling construction and the transaction type. The penetration factors are that some customers
understood the benefits of combining insurances with various peripheral measures such as tax incentives And that certain
housing businesses used the insurances as a differentiating factor for business. In order to disseminate further in the future,
it is necessary to appeal not only to housing businesses but also to customers, and to develop insurance products that the
businesses can use easily.
Japanese houses are ruined on an average of 27 years, whereas the value of wooden detached houses becomes zero after
20 years. In the backdrop of change towards a sustainable society in Japan, “HOWS Renovation”, a renovation business,
carry out repair, improve functions and provide robust housing that secure structural safety and environmental friendliness;
leaving room for creativity in a simple and versatile residence. The corporation buys, renovates, sells secondhand houses
and conducts activities to enhance user literacy for an essentially sustainable living in the coming 10 to 20 years.
Used condominium apartments are becoming popular residential facilities in Japan, because they are easy to commute to
business districts and easy to maintain for busy working couples. We point out three issues to promote utilization of used
condos in Japan. The first issue is the difficulty for the buyers, who want to renovate a condo and live there, to imagine the
outcome of the renovation. We believe the VR tools will improve this issue. The second issue is the delinquency of
management fee and repair reserve fund. We consider that one of the difficulties in this issue stems from the law that
requires the new owner of the condo to pay the delinquency caused by the former owner. We propose the amendment in
which the apartment management association can reduce the delinquent debt of the room. The third issue is the rebuilding
of condos. In Japan, condo owners are effectively only allowed to rebuild their building. So if they are not enough funded,
the condo will become a devastated building. We propose the legislation that enables owners to make a rebuilding
resolution, even decades before the rebuilding date, which allows owners to sell the condo or reserve funds for rebuilding.
Kurashi-no-Hokenshitsu established as a model of Maggie's Cancer Caring Centers, a consultation support center for cancer
patients and families in the UK, provides people of all ages a comprehensive care. In this research, we conducted a
nationwide questionnaire survey on Kurashi-no-Hokenshitsu serves as a forum for dialogue among local residents and
supports conscious of the end revealed that Kurashi-no-Hokenshitsu serves as a forum for dialogue among local residents
and supports conscious of the end of life, but it was found that support that was in line with the life stage of cancer patients
and families is insufficient.
In an effort to increase the projects districts, the number of projects districts type has been increased, the requirements of projects are relaxed, and the content of the project plan has also been increased according to the type of projects district by increasing the national subsidy target menu.. Integration of the system was repeated to rationalize the overall project system. At that time, because it took over without leaving the conventional subsidy system, complicated system contents became. On the other hand, due to the shift to the grant system, it was no longer obligatory to formulate a project plan. Although it is appreciated that the number of projects districts is steadily increasing, districts without detailed project plans are increasing, so there is concern that projects effect will increase.
This paper investigates the use of private vehicles and alternative means of transportation by senior citizens in suburban areas through the relationship between personal attributes and attitudes towards public transportation. A questionnaire survey was carried out in two areas of Noda City; a ‘station area’ around Noda Station and a distant ‘peripheral area’. The analysis found that although the probability that seniors living in the peripheral area would convert to public transportation was high, due to the level of public transportation available in each area, the type of alternative transportation favored by respondents was found to be influenced more by area than by age.
In Japan, income disparity is expanding, and the population is continuing to age. Therefore, it is an important policy challenge to secure housing for low-income elderly people whose population is likely to increase in the future. We analyzed the influence of the accumulation of wealthy residents and public housing estates clusters on rent as foundational information when considering the supply and arrangement of housing for low-income people. Analysis results indicate that there are many cases in which the accumulation of wealthy residents has an upward influence on rents, while the accumulation of public housing estates clusters has a downward influence on rents.
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in subjective well-being and efforts have been made to use this measure as a basis for policy decisions. This study conducted a quantitative analysis of the impact of (1) subjective satisfaction with residential areas and (2) subjective satisfaction with the building of residences on subjective well-being. The results revealed that while the impact of these two factors on subjective well-being was less than that of satisfaction with familial relationships , it was greater than satisfaction with workplace relationships . Furthermore, the impact of satisfaction with residential areas was greater than that of satisfaction with building residences, and whether or not one owned their home did not have an impact.
The purpose of this research is to reveal the consciousness and challenges for childcare environment, targeting UR housing complexes in Nagoya city, where many nuclear families live. Also, by organizing the opportunities and places where the residents communicate, to become a basic material for the improvement of the housing complex environment, such as child-care support, and spatial planning for communication. The results are as follows. 1) Satisfaction was high with the buildings and the park, but was low with communication and event. 2) Child-care support had differences between the requested needs and the actual support. There were also residents who wanted to participate in child-care support. 3) Most of the communication within the complex consisted of short talks. 4) There were thought to be demands for outdoor space which could be stopped by casually and indoor space which could be used flexibly.
This study clarified the planning method of the renovation and operations management of the shared housing for single mother households that is using the apartment complex from the viewpoint of planners. The characteristic of renovation planning are the plan for 2 households that is a minimum who is capacity of the shared housing, and adding the function of the kids room to realize long term living. In terms of operations management, target is middle-income group which is capable self-sustaining daily life and support for residents that paying for childcare expense up to a maximum of 15,000 yen per month.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the problems and measures of the special zones for fireproof in Tokyo wards area. At the densely built-up area in Tokyo, improvement of the residential environment and the disaster prevention are needed. Especially, this study aims to consider about the exchange of land right.
According to the investigation to 17 ward with the special zones for fireproof, there are few requests about the exchange of land right. But, development benefit decline and resident's aging are obstructing the exchange of land right. According to the case in Kyojima area in Sumida-ward, the resident who hopes for the exchange of land right is increasing. In addition, it is important to reserve resident's housing according to the right exchange.
The case in the special zones for fireproof indicates necessity of the right exchange program based on the determinative purpose.
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the proper maintenance of super high-rise condominiums. In general, expenses for major repairs and maintenance are reserved for condominiums. Major repairs and replacements of super high-rise condominiums cost much more than standard for those particular factors, such as structure. This study examines the reserve fund fees for all super high-rise condominiums in Osaka City. The result shows that the reserve fund fees are about half of government’s indication.
This study demonstrates the management system through analyzing the utilization cases of vacant houses of local cities in Japan. The purpose of this study is to clarify ”Enforcement organization and System” and ”Cooperation and Contents”. Firstly, we analyzed the contents of the laws for promotion of local cities. It could be clarified that the main purposes of the laws tend to be changed from hard projects to soft projects. In addition, the interview and questionnaire survey were performed for 10 prefecture administrative offices which were extracted as examples tend to decline in population and high vacant houses ratio. We clarified the relation models between Enforcement organization and related groups. As a result, it was clarified that the countermeasure for the vacant houses can be achieved even without the subsidy from the Public administration. And there were cases that private sectors realized the utilization of vacant houses by collaboration with other groups in local cities.
To realize the stable life of single mother households, integral supply of stable housing and care will be needed. As one scheme which achieves it, the shared housing based on mutual care of single mother households, or on group purchase of care has received social attention. Recently the number of shared housing for single mother households managed by company has risen gradually.
This paper examine the nationwide situation of those shared housing, especially focusing on their management methods, type of buildings, the capacity, the size of private space and the relation the rent amount and care services. In conclusion the house target
Two cases of summer-type hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by the patients’ residential environment are presented here.
Case 1: A 74-year-old female residing in municipal housing built 40 years previously was hospitalized because of repeated pneumonitis and was diagnosed with hypersensitivity pneumonitis according to the computed tomography (CT) scan and bronchoscopy findings and the results of an environmental provocation test. Following relocation to another residence, the pneumonitis did not relapse.
Case 2: A 61-year-old man inhabiting a wooden residence built 40 years previously visited our hospital presenting with fever and cough of four months’ duration. His symptoms were relieved after hospitalization, but they relapsed when he was discharged, whereupon he was diagnosed with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. His residence was cleaned, and the pneumonitis did not relapse.
Because both cases were positive for Trichosporon asahii serum antibodies, they were diagnosed with summer-type hypersensitivity pneumonitis. In Japan, increased housing demand has resulted in the promotion of the reuse of old residences. It should be widely recognized that vintage residences have a specific risk for health disorders such as summer-type pneumonitis, caused by the inhalation of spores of the fungal pathogens T. asahii and T. mucoides.