[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the coping behaviors of elderly Japanese community-dwelling persons toward their skeletal muscle injuries and disorders. [Participants and Methods] A mail-in, self-administered questionnaire survey was administered to 1,084 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years and older. Information was obtained regarding their coping behaviors when dealing with bone fractures, dislocations, sprains, bruising, stiff shoulders, low back pain, acute muscle/joint pain, chronic muscle/joint pain, and daily fatigue. [Results] Visits to hospitals or general clinics were the most popular coping behavior for bone fractures, dislocations, sprains, bruising, low back pain, acute muscle/joint pain, and chronic muscle/joint pain; visits to a Judo therapist’s office were the second most popular coping behavior for these conditions. Acupuncture, as well as chiropractic and massage clinics, were less frequently visited. For stiff shoulders and daily fatigue, many participants did not visit any medical facility. [Conclusion] Among the elderly, visits to hospitals or general clinics were the most used coping behavior for many types of skeletal muscle injuries and disorders. Visits to a Judo therapist’s office were the second most used coping behavior. Visits to acupuncture, chiropractic, and massage clinics were less frequent. With these data, therapists could improve their care skills upon consideration of the coping preferences among community-dwelling elderly persons.
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