Trends in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology
Online ISSN : 1883-2113
Print ISSN : 0915-7352
Volume 29 , Issue 170
Showing 1-8 articles out of 8 articles from the selected issue
ANNOUNCEMENT
CONTENTS
MINIREVIEW
  • Yoshihiro Kamada, Eiji Miyoshi
    2017 Volume 29 Issue 170 Pages E85-E92
    Published: November 25, 2017
    Released: November 25, 2017
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing worldwide medical problem. NAFLD includes non-progressive nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and progressive nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH can develop into liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, distinguishing NASH from NAFL is very important. Currently, the diagnosis of NASH requires the histological assessment of liver fibrosis and ballooning hepatocytes from a liver biopsy. Before now, various laboratory tests have been reported to be available for NASH diagnosis, although their diagnostic abilities are poor. Development of a single biomarker that can accurately diagnose NASH is urgent. We found that Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2bp) is a novel NASH biomarker suitable for the prediction of liver fibrosis severity in biopsy-proven NAFLD patients. Recently, Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA)-positive Mac-2bp (WFA+-M2BP) was reported as a novel and useful liver fibrosis biomarker for chronic hepatitis type C. WFA+-M2BP represents Mac-2bp modified with the glycan structure recognized by WFA. In this minireview, we describe the use of Mac-2bp and WFA+-M2BP as NAFLD biomarkers based on our recent studies.

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  • Hironori Izawa, Yuki Takechi Haraya, Kohsaku Kawakami
    2017 Volume 29 Issue 170 Pages E93-E98
    Published: November 25, 2017
    Released: November 25, 2017
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    Rationally designed artificial polysaccharides have interesting functions that natural polysaccharides lack. Recently, we found that β-cyclodextrin–grafted chitosan formed supramolecular aggregates that showed interesting functions, leading to pharmaceutical applications such as the enhancement of intentional absorption of insulin and cholesterol efflux from cells. Here we introduce our works concerning cyclodextrin-grafted chitosan for pharmaceutical application.

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GLYCOTOPIC
MINIREVIEW (Jpn. Ed.)
  • Yoshihiro Kamada, Eiji Miyoshi
    2017 Volume 29 Issue 170 Pages J61-J68
    Published: November 25, 2017
    Released: November 25, 2017
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing worldwide medical problem. NAFLD includes non-progressive nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and progressive nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH can develop into liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, distinguishing NASH from NAFL is very important. Currently, the diagnosis of NASH requires the histological assessment of liver fibrosis and ballooning hepatocytes from a liver biopsy. Before now, various laboratory tests have been reported to be available for NASH diagnosis, although their diagnostic abilities are poor. Development of a single biomarker that can accurately diagnose NASH is urgent. We found that Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2bp) is a novel NASH biomarker suitable for the prediction of liver fibrosis severity in biopsy-proven NAFLD patients. Recently, Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA)-positive Mac-2bp (WFA+-M2BP) was reported as a novel and useful liver fibrosis biomarker for chronic hepatitis type C. WFA+-M2BP represents Mac-2bp modified with the glycan structure recognized by WFA. In this minireview, we describe the use of Mac-2bp and WFA+-M2BP as NAFLD biomarkers based on our recent studies.

    Download PDF (1307K)
  • Hironori Izawa, Yuki Takechi Haraya, Kohsaku Kawakami
    2017 Volume 29 Issue 170 Pages J69-J74
    Published: November 25, 2017
    Released: November 25, 2017
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    Rationally designed artificial polysaccharides have interesting functions that natural polysaccharides lack. Recently, we found that β-cyclodextrin–grafted chitosan formed supramolecular aggregates that showed interesting functions, leading to pharmaceutical applications such as the enhancement of intentional absorption of insulin and cholesterol efflux from cells. Here we introduce our works concerning cyclodextrin-grafted chitosan for pharmaceutical application.

    Download PDF (6406K)
GLYCOTOPIC (Jpn. Ed.)
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