Trends in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology
Online ISSN : 1883-2113
Print ISSN : 0915-7352
Volume 30 , Issue 171
Showing 1-7 articles out of 7 articles from the selected issue
MINIREVIEW
  • Peter Greimel
    2018 Volume 30 Issue 171 Pages E1-E13
    Published: January 25, 2018
    Released: January 25, 2018
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    The size of the polar head group plays a key role in lipid biophysics, influencing membrane organization, phase behavior, including transition (melting) temperature, as well as lipid–lipid interactions, such as the umbrella effect. In general, small head groups are associated with high transition temperatures and tighter head group packing compared to lipids with large head groups. The head groups of phosphatidylglucoside (PtdGlc) and phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) are configurational isomers with both featuring a six-membered ring and a similar number of hydroxy functions. Interestingly, their chemical stability and biophysical properties differ significantly, despite their high structural similarity, comparable chemical size and weight, and presumably analogous head group orientation relative to the plasma membrane normal. PtdIns is known to exhibit a low transition temperature, limited lipid–lipid head group interaction, a high degree of head group hydration and an intramolecular hydrogen-bond even under fully hydrated conditions. PtdGlc on the other hand exhibits a ~20 degree higher transition temperature, extensive lipid–lipid head group interactions, a low degree of head group hydration and no intramolecular hydrogen-bond. Consequently, head group size in terms of lipid biophysics, refers not only to the immediate chemical size, but also includes the primary hydration shell.

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GLYCODEBUT
  • Yuta Maki
    2018 Volume 30 Issue 171 Pages E15-E20
    Published: January 25, 2018
    Released: January 25, 2018
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    Oligosaccharides of glycoproteins have important functions in many biological processes. Complex-type oligosaccharides are major structures of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides and have unique antennary structures, such as bi-, tri-, and tetra-antennary forms. Here, we describe a novel method for semisynthesis of two types of naturally occurring complex-type triantennary oligosaccharides, 1 and 2, in 9 and 10 conversion steps, respectively. The semisynthesis employed a biantennary oligosaccharide isolated from a natural source as a starting material. A benzylidenation reaction enabled selective protection of 8 hydroxy groups, among the 24 hydroxy groups of the biantennary oligosaccharide. Furthermore, selective debenzylidenation of mannoside residues successfully produced two types of suitably protected oligosaccharyl acceptors. Glycosylation with a disaccharide donor and subsequent deprotection steps yielded two types of intact complex-type triantennary oligosaccharides.

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GLYCOTOPIC
GLYCODEBUT (Jpn. Ed.)
  • Yuta Maki
    2018 Volume 30 Issue 171 Pages J1-J6
    Published: January 25, 2018
    Released: January 25, 2018
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS

    Oligosaccharides of glycoproteins have important functions in many biological processes. Complex-type oligosaccharides are major structures of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides and have unique antennary structures, such as bi-, tri-, and tetra-antennary forms. Here, we describe a novel method for semisynthesis of two types of naturally occurring complex-type triantennary oligosaccharides, 1 and 2, in 9 and 10 conversion steps, respectively. The semisynthesis employed a biantennary oligosaccharide isolated from a natural source as a starting material. A benzylidenation reaction enabled selective protection of 8 hydroxy groups, among the 24 hydroxy groups of the biantennary oligosaccharide. Furthermore, selective debenzylidenation of mannoside residues successfully produced two types of suitably protected oligosaccharyl acceptors. Glycosylation with a disaccharide donor and subsequent deprotection steps yielded two types of intact complex-type triantennary oligosaccharides.

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GLYCOTOPIC (Jpn. Ed.)
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