Objective: Tracheostomy is one of the most frequent interventions for ICU patients. The current trend in performing a tracheostomy is a percutaneous approach because of its popularity and significant advantages. In this study, certain indications of surgical tracheostomy (ST) are suggested and furthermore, ST is compared with percutaneous tracheostomy (PT).
Patient and Methods: We performed a U-shaped ST in 121 patients and PT in 85 patients between March 2003 and December 2006. All of the STs were opened U-shaped in the operating room. In this technique; instead of removing the tracheal ring, it was used to create a flap. The tracheal flap was hung with a suture from middle of the 2nd or the 3rd cartilage rings, as a guide. Also, the PT procedure “Griggs dilatation technique” was performed in the ICU.
Results: PT and ST had similar complication rates: 4.1% for ST [bleeding in 2 patients, stenosis in 2, and stomal infection in 1] versus 3.6% for PT [bleeding in 2 patients, and pneomothorax in 1] (p
= 0.08). No significant difference was found regarding mean operation time between ST [12 min (9–18)] and PT [8 min (6–16)] (p
Conclusions: Staff utilization and cost seem like the major advantages of PT. However, our surgical technique has similar complication rates with PT and moreover, using ST still remains favorable for select patients with thyroid hyperplasia, short neck, tracheaomalacia, obesity, neck operation history and for children.
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