Purpose: Perceval sutureless valves have gained popularity. Whether this implant performs superior to the traditional sutured prosthesis remains unclear. This meta- analysis compared the Perceval implants versus the sutured conventional valves for aortic valve replacement (AVR).
Methods: This meta-analysis was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The following databases were accessed: PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. All clinical investigations comparing Perceval versus the conventional prostheses for AVR were considered.
Results: The Perceval group demonstrated higher rate of pacemaker implantation (P <0.00001). Aortic cross-clamp (ACC) time (P <0.00001) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (P <0.00001) were shorter in the Perceval group. Similarity was found in mean and peak pressure gradient (P = 0.8 and P = 0.2, respectively), mean aortic valve area (P = 0.3), length of intensive care unit (P = 0.4) and hospital stay (P = 0.2), rate of revision (P = 0.11), hemorrhages (P = 0.05), paravalvular leak (P = 0.3), cerebrovascular complication (P = 0.7), and early mortality (P = 0.06).
Conclusion: Given the shorter ACC time and CPB time, Perceval AVR can be an alternative in high-risk patients. The higher rate of pacemaker implantation following Perceval may limit its routine implantation.
Purpose: To compare the myocardial protective efficacy of del Nido cardioplegia (DNC) with St. Thomas blood cardioplegia (SBC) in adult cardiac surgery.
Methods: From January to December 2021, all the patients who underwent elective cardiac operation were randomly divided into two cohorts based on the type of cardioplegia: DNC group and SBC group. Three categories of variables were compared: patient demographics, clinical variables, and laboratory variables.
Results: A total of 133 patients were enrolled in this study: DNC group, n = 65; and SBC group, n = 68. Except that the volume of cardioplegia administration were obvious less in the DNC group (P <0.01), no significant difference was found in the other postoperative clinical variables (P >0.05). No statistical significance was proved (P >0.05) in postoperative troponin I, creatine kinase, and B-type natriuretic peptide. The malondialdehyde concentration was higher in the SBC group, whether it is at 4 hours (P <0.05) or 24 hours (P >0.05) after operation. At the same two points in time, the change in superoxide dismutase activity was more significant in the SBC group (P <0.05).
Conclusion: The DNC cardioplegia was safe and effective on adult myocardium protection. The potential antioxidant stress effect in DNC may provide a direction for further improvement on the formula of cardioplegic solution.
Purpose: Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) has a high mortality rate, and the occurrence of clinical complications is high. Several studies have reported the efficacy of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for BTAI. This study aimed to clarify the use of TEVAR for BTAI.
Methods: We analyzed 10 cases of TEVAR for BTAI from July 2011 to December 2020 at our hospital. Five of 10 cases of BTAI were caused by road traffic accidents, while five were caused by falls from a height.
Results: The mean patient age was 59.3 years. When arriving at our hospital, seven of 10 patients were in shock. Nine of 10 cases of BTAI were at the aortic isthmus. With respect to BTAI severity, five of 10 patients were categorized as grade IV. Ps of non-survivors were extremely low. All patients underwent TEVAR. The mean surgical duration and volume of intraoperative blood loss were 77.5 minutes and 234 ml, respectively.
Conclusion: The results of TEVAR for BTAI at our institution support previous reports, which show excellent clinical results. To further improve the outcomes, we must clarify the adaptation of nonoperative management (delayed repair), the optimal timing of invasive treatment, and the importance of long-term follow-up.
Purpose: Left atrial calcification (LAC) is found in long-lasting rheumatic valvular disease and is almost always accompanied by atrial fibrillation (AF). In the presence of LAC, endoatriectomy is required when performing the maze procedure. However, the technical feasibility of endoatriectomy and the long-term outcomes of the maze procedure in patients with LAC are uncertain.
Methods: The medical records of 18 consecutive patients who underwent combined endoatriectomy and maze procedure were analyzed retrospectively.
Results: Accompanying operations were mitral valve replacement (n = 16) and commissurotomy (n = 2). There was 1 operative death from sepsis following mediastinitis. When patients were divided into “broad” (n = 11) and “limited” (n = 7) groups, with the extent of LAC either greater or less than half of the left atrium, respectively, there was no intergroup difference in postoperative complications. During follow-up (median, 11.4 years), AF recurred in 11 patients. At the last follow-up visits, electrocardiography revealed significantly fewer patients in the broad group maintaining sinus rhythm (1/11 vs 4/6, P = 0.03). The 10-year AF recurrence-free survival rates were 13.9% and 66.7% in the broad and limited groups, respectively (P = 0.01).
Conclusions: The maze procedure combined with endoatriectomy seems technically feasible with acceptable long-term rhythm outcomes if the LAC extent is limited.
Purpose: Reconstruction of the esophagus with sternohyoid muscle after enucleation of the cervical esophageal leiomyosarcoma (ELS) was rarely reported.
Methods: A case of 55-year-old female with a large leiomyosarcoma in the cervical esophagus was reported. The tumor was enucleated, and the defect of the esophagus was patched with left sternohyoid muscle flap.
Results: The patient recovered uneventfully after surgery. She has not had any discomfort with swallowing since surgery, and nowadays, there is not any recurrence and metastasis being detected.
Conclusion: It is minimal invasive and simple to enucleate the cervical ELS and patch the defect of esophagus with sternohyoid muscle flap. For some selected patients, this method may be a promising surgical procedure to achieve both good swallowing function and satisfying prognosis.
The patient was a 69-year-old man who underwent emergency surgery for acute aortic dissection that developed 5 months after coronary artery bypass grafting. The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft anastomosed to the left descending artery was not affected by the aortic dissection, and during the ascending aortic replacement, the artery was not identified for clamping. Although fully sufficient cardioplegia was not achieved due to the patent LITA graft, the patient’s postoperative cardiac function was good. The two anastomotic sites of the vein grafts to the ascending aorta were excised along with a remnant of the aortic wall in an island fashion and were reimplanted onto the artificial graft. Based on the site of intimal tear, we speculated that partial clamping during the previous surgery had caused the dissection.
The novel anastomosis technique, “subannular endomyocardial implantation of valve prosthesis (SEIV),” focuses on excluding aortic annular tissue from suture line to avoid vascular inflammation in Behçet’s disease (BD). We aimed to validate that SEIV could prevent prosthetic valve detachment (PVD) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in BD patients and retrospectively analyzed the medical records of five BD patients who underwent AVR. There was no operative death. Two complete atrioventricular blocks occurred; in one of them, a permanent pacemaker (PPM) was inserted before discharge. The other one was discharged without a PPM; however, he died suddenly 32 days postoperatively. The median follow-up period was 3.3 years. There was a case of PVD with newly developed Valsalva sinus aneurysm requiring the Bentall operation at 3.6 years postoperatively. In conclusion, SEIV might prevent PVD in BD patients who underwent AVR. However, aortic root pathology related to BD activity and resulting PVD may occur later.