Purpose: In the present study, we examined the relationship between intraoperative pleural lavage cytology findings and presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations.
Methods: We investigated 160 patients who underwent surgical treatment for primary lung adenocarcinoma at our hospital from January 2011 to December 2013 to determine the presence of EGFR gene mutations and pleural lavage cytology.
Results: In all, 52 subjects (31.5%) were positive EGFR gene mutations, of whom 38 were found to possess the Exon 21 L858R mutation. Intraoperative pleural lavage cytology examinations were performed in 160 subjects and 12 had positive results, of whom 6 were positive for EGFR gene mutations, which was the Exon 21 L858R mutation in all. In a comparison between subjects possessing the Exon 21 L858R mutation and those negative for EGFR gene mutations, lavage cytology-positive (p = 0.02) and vascular infiltration-negative (p = 0.01) were characteristics of the Exon 21 L868R mutation-positive group.
Conclusion: Subjects positive for the EGFR Exon 21 L858R mutation had a higher positive rate of intraoperative pleural lavage cytology than those not possessing EGFR mutations.
Purpose: To analyze the role of surgery in patients with Masaoka stage IVa thymoma treated with multimodality therapy.
Methods: Of 191 patients undergoing surgery for thymoma in our department between January 2002 and December 2015, 39 (20.4%) had Masaoka stage IVa. Histopathological tumor type, myasthenic status of the Osserman–Genkins score, Masaoka stage at the first surgery, neoadjuvant treatment, number and type of surgeries, and survival rates were recorded.
Results: Thymoma B2 was the most common histopathological tumor type (n = 16, 41%). Twenty-six (66.7%) patients underwent primary surgeries for Masaoka stage IVa thymoma, whereas nine (23.1%) underwent secondary surgeries and four (10.3%) underwent tertiary surgeries for pleural or pericardial recurrences. Median survival was 132 ± 25 (82–181; 95% confidence interval [CI]) months. Overall 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates were 93%, 93%, and 56%, respectively.
Conclusion: Surgical treatment should be considered as a completion modality to oncological therapy and has the potential to provide long-term survival of Masaoka stage IVa in patients with thymoma. The type of surgery should be determined based on the invasiveness of the lesion.
Purpose: We examined whether redox balance during the perioperative period is associated with long-term survival of patients after undergoing lung resection.
Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer from January to June 2013 at our institution were investigated. Serum was collected during the operation, and on postoperative day (POD) 3 and 7, and the levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) and biologic antioxidant potential (BAP) were measured.
Results: In all, 21 patients (69 ± 7 years old) were enrolled, of whom 9 underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Comorbidities in the patients included chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in eight and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in five. d-ROM values on POD 3 and 7 were significantly increased as compared to those obtained during the operation (p <0.001), whereas BAP did not change after surgery. Patients with a value below a d-ROM cutoff value of 327 during the operation showed significantly superior 3-year overall survival as compared to those with a value above the cutoff (87.5% vs. 20.0%, p <0.001).
Conclusion: In the present patients, surgical stress caused an increase in d-ROM during the postoperative course. The d-ROM value obtained during the operation was correlated with long-term survival following resection for lung cancer.
Background: Development of multiloculation–septation is a challenging entity in empyema patients. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the success rates of videothoracoscopic deloculation (VATS-D) and intrapleural fibrinolytic (IPFib) application after tube thoracostomy.
Methods: The study retrospectively examined the patients diagnosed with empyema with multiloculation and septation between January 2005 and December 2014. Among these patients, the study included those who received VATS-D or IPFib therapy.
Results: VATS-D (Group 1) was applied to 54 patients and IPFib (Group 2) was applied to 24 patients. The success of both procedures was evaluated considering the need of decortication in the following periods. In the VATS-D group, 4 (7.4%) patients required decortication via thoracotomy where it was 1 (4.1%) patient (p = 0.577) in the IPFib group. The length of hospital stay was 6.81 ± 2.55 (4–15) days in Group 1 compared to 14.25 ± 6.44 (7–27) days in Group 2 (p <0.001).
Conclusions: It was demonstrated that both of the methods applied in the study have high efficacy and are preferable methods based on the general conditions of patients. Additionally, the shorter length of hospital stays in patients received VATS-D was established as a significant parameter.
Purpose: Spontaneous pneumothorax (PNTX) is a common disease frequently operated at specialized thoracic surgery units. Videothoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has become the standard for treatment and recurrence prevention. While there is broad consensus regarding indications and techniques of PNTX surgery, postoperative risks and consecutive patient behavioral advice have not been sufficiently elucidated.
Methods: Single-center cohort analysis of 641 patients operated for primary PNTX by VATS over 10 years. Putatively recurrence-prone lifestyle activities (smoking status, flying habits, and scuba diving) and actual occurrence of recurrences were correlated.
Results: Follow-up rate was 46% (279/607 patients). Mean time interval between primary operation and follow-up was 61 (range: 5–177) months. In 10 patients (3.6%), a PNTX recurrence was observed. Regarding postoperative risk behavior reported at follow-up, 28% of patients were active smokers (15 ± 7 cigarettes/day), 59% traveled by plane repeatedly, and only two patients did scuba diving (0.7%). Low body-mass-index was associated with an increase in PNTX recurrence, whereas smoking, flying, and scuba diving could not be identified as risk factors.
Conclusion: In our study, none of the supposed “classic” lifestyle-associated risk factors for PNTX recurrence after VATS proved to be a significant threat. Postoperative patient behavior might not be constrained by overcautious medical advice.
Purpose: Unilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is a rare but one of the most critical complications that may occur after re-expansion of a collapsed lung after minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) with mini-thoracotomy.
Methods: We performed a total of 40 consecutive patients with MICS by right mini-thoracotomy with single-lung ventilation between January 2013 and June 2016. We divided the patients into control group (n = 13) and neutrophil elastase inhibitor group (n = 27). Neutrophil elastase inhibitor group received continuous intravenous infusion of neutrophil elastase inhibitor at 0.2–0.25 mg/kg per hour from the start of anesthesia until extubation during the perioperative period.
Results: There were no relations with operative time, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time, aortic clamp time, and intraoperative water valances for postoperative mechanical ventilation support time. Compared with the neutrophil elastase inhibitor group, the control group had significantly higher initial alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient and significantly lower initial ratio of partial pressure of arterial oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen at the intensive care unit (ICU). The control group had significantly longer postoperative mechanical ventilation support time and hospital stay compared with the neutrophil elastase inhibitor group.
Conclusions: Neutrophil elastase inhibitor may have beneficial effects against RPE after MICS with mini-thoracotomy.
The rectus abdominis muscle is innervated by intercostal nerves T7–T12, and most thoracotomies are performed through the fourth to sixth intercostal spaces, so direct nerve damage to the rectus abdominis seems unlikely. However, at least one trocar is inserted below the seventh intercostal space in most multi-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries (VATSs), and injury of the seventh or lower intercostal nerve with related paralysis of the rectus abdominis is possible, albeit rare. Only two cases of rectus abdominis paralysis caused by after VATSs have been reported, and these cases were not permanent injuries. This is the first report of permanent paralysis of the rectus abdominis after VATSs.
Pseudoaneurysms are vascular spaces vulnerable to pressure, and expansion or rupture of these spaces may occur during embolization. Here, we describe the case of a transcatheter embolization of a spontaneous aortic pseudoaneurysm, which showed gradual expansion during n-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization. This pseudoaneurysm was successfully embolized with an adjuvant coil.
Iatrogenic aortic valve (AV) perforation during non-aortic cardiac operations is a rare complication. The suture-related inadvertent injury to an AV leaflet can produce leaflet perforation with aortic regurgitation after ventricular septal defect repair (VSDR). We report three consecutive patients who had iatrogenic aortic leaflet perforation during VSDR in other hospitals and referred to our hospital for reoperation. In all three cases, the perforated AV leaflets were preserved and repaired by autologous pericardial patch or direct local closure.