Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Online ISSN : 2186-1005
Print ISSN : 1341-1098
ISSN-L : 1341-1098
Volume 23, Issue 6
Displaying 1-9 of 9 articles from this issue
Review Articles
  • Katsuo Usuda, Aika Funazaki, Ryo Maeda, Atsushi Sekimura, Nozomu Moton ...
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 275-280
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: October 04, 2017

    This paper focuses on the latest research of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), and deals with economic benefits, diagnostic benefits, and prospects of DWI for lung cancer. The medical cost of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is 81%–84% cheaper than that of 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). DWI is reported to be useful for differential diagnosis of malignancy or benignity for neoplasm in various organs. Diagnostic efficacy by DWI for pulmonary nodules and masses and the evaluation of N factor and M factor in lung cancer are equivalent to or more than that of FDG-PET/CT. The diagnostic capability of whole-body DWI (WB-DWI) for the staging of clinically operable lung cancers is equivalent to that of FDG-PET/CT and brain MRI, and WB-DWI is now becoming a more main stream procedure. Although the diagnostic performance of DWI for lung cancer may be equivalent to that of FDG-PET/CT, prospective randomized controlled trial for comparison of diagnostic efficacy between FDG-PET/CT and DWI for lung cancer is necessary for an accurate comparison. DWI may have an advantage in the aspect of the cost and diagnostic efficacy in lung cancer management.

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  • Yoshio Misawa
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 281-285
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: October 10, 2017
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Original Articles
  • Omer Onal, Omer Faruk Demir
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 286-290
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: September 05, 2017

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of parenchymal saving methods for giant lung hydatid cysts and to discuss the necessity of anatomic lung resection in childhood.

    Methods: The patients under the age of 16 years who were operated between January 2000 and January 2017 due to pulmonary hydatid cyst were evaluated retrospectively (n = 200). In all, 32 patients who had giant hydatid cyst were included in this study. Parenchymal saving methods (cystotomy–capitonnage) were preferred and decortication was also performed for pleural thickening if needed. No lung resections were applied.

    Results: Male patients were 53.1%. The mean age was 11.3 ± 3.2 years. The total number of giant cysts was 32. The average size of the cysts was 11 cm. Thirty seven point five percent of the cysts were perforated. Postoperative complication rate was 31.3%. No recurrence and mortality were seen during follow-up period.

    Conclusion: Considering the high recovery capacity of lung tissue, a chance should be given to recover the existing infection, atelectasis, and parenchymal damage. Especially in areas where hydatid disease is endemic, children may be infected with the parasite again. For these reasons, we do not recommend resection with any indications.

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  • Haruhiko Nakamura, Hiroki Sakai, Hiroyuki Kimura, Tomoyuki Miyazawa, H ...
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 291-297
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: October 02, 2017

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathologic prognostic factors between patients who underwent lung resection for adenocarcinoma (AD) and those with squamous cell carcinoma (SQ).

    Methods: A database of patients with lung AD or SQ who underwent surgery with curative intent in our department from January 2008 to December 2014 was reviewed. Associations between various clinicopathologic factors, postsurgical recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed to find significant prognostic factors.

    Results: A total of 537 lung cancer patients (AD, 434; SQ, 103) were included in this study. Although RFS was similar in patients with AD and SQ, OS was significantly poorer in those with SQ. Multivariate analysis in patients with AD revealed that age (≥69 vs. <69), lymphatic invasion, and histologic pleural invasion (p0 vs. p1–3) were associated with RFS, while gender and pleural invasion were associated with OS. In SQ, however, smoking, clinical stage, and pulmonary metastasis were associated with RFS in the multivariate analysis.

    Conclusion: Since significant postoperative prognostic factors are quite different between lung AD and SQ, these two histologic types should be differently analyzed in a clinical study.

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  • Torsten Christ, Sebastian Holinski, Konstantin Zhigalov, Christina Bar ...
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 298-303
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: September 08, 2017

    Purpose: Hemodynamic performance of aortic valve bioprostheses is essential for reliable function and durability. So far, the supra-annularly implanted stentless Sorin Freedom Solo (SFS) demonstrated unsurpassed hemodynamic properties. As contemporary stented and externally mounted pericardial bioprostheses, like the Labcor Dokimos Plus (LDP), also improve hemodynamic performance, these types of valves were compared in this study.

    Methods: A total of 218 patients, who underwent aortic valve replacement with the LDP or the SFS, were matched retrospectively 1:1 on variables affecting hemodynamic measurements: implanted valve size, age, sex, and body surface area (BSA). With matching tolerance for valve size and gender of 0%, for age and BSA of 5%, 57 patient-pairs were yielded. Operative data, clinical, and hemodynamic outcome were analyzed.

    Results: Except for slightly higher left ventricular function and lower procedural times in the SFS group, preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics of patient-pairs did not differ significantly. Mean pressure gradients, effective orifice areas (EOAs), and indexed EOAs were comparable. Corresponding to valve sizes of 21, 23, 25, and 27 mm, the indexed EOAs of the LDP and SFS prostheses were 1.08 ± 0.33, 0.92 ± 0.19, 0.93 ± 0.24, 0.99 ± 0.13 cm2/m2 and 0.81 ± 0.13, 0.92 ± 0.28, 0.95 ± 0.20, 1.04 ± 0.27 cm2/m2, respectively.

    Conclusion: Contemporary stented and stentless pericardial bioprostheses showed excellent hemodynamic properties without significant differences in EOAs and indexed EOAs.

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  • Yasushi Mizukami, Nobuhito Ueda, Hirofumi Adachi, Jun Arikura, Keishi ...
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 304-308
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: August 09, 2017

    Purpose: Chronic or recurrent pericardial effusion is often associated with malignant disease. However, there have been few reports of the long-term outcomes after video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) pericardiectomy. We have performed it since 1992, and report our procedure and outcomes.

    Methods: Patients who underwent VATS pericardiectomy were investigated.

    Results: In all, 29 patients (12 men; median age: 61 (23–88) years) were evaluated; 8 had no malignancies and 21 did. Preoperative performance status (PS) scores were as follows: 1, 11 patients; 2, 10 patients; 3, 5 patients; and 4, 2 patients. One patient with malignancy died intraoperatively. PS improved significantly after the procedure (p = 0.0163). Median survival times were 5360 days in the nonmalignant group, 160 days in the malignant group, 209 days in breast cancer patients, and 62 days in other malignancy patients. The nonmalignant group had significantly longer survival than the malignant group (p = 0.0015). Most cases had uneventful postoperative courses. No recurrent pericardial effusions have been observed.

    Conclusion: In cases of nonmalignant pericardial effusion, long-term survival is expected following VATS pericardiectomy. Malignant pericardial effusion has a poor prognosis, but most cases maintain good PS. However, early postoperative death may occur, and it is important to select patients carefully.

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Case Reports
  • Kyoshiro Takegahara, Naoyuki Yoshino, Jitsuo Usuda
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 309-312
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: July 10, 2017

    Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by a triad of skin tumors, renal tumors, and multiple pulmonary cysts. Our patient was a 40-year-old man with a history of recurrent bilateral pneumothorax and a family history of pneumothorax. The patient visited our department with chest pain and was diagnosed with left pneumothorax based on a chest X-ray. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed multiple cysts in both lungs. We performed thoracoscopic bilateral bullectomy with curative intent. Intraoperative observation showed numerous cysts in the lung apex, interlobular region, and mediastinum. We resected the cysts that we suspected to be responsible for the symptoms and ligated the lesions, and then performed total pleural covering. After surgery, genetic testing was performed. The result enabled us to diagnose Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome in this patient. Although the patient has developed neither recurrent pneumothorax nor any renal tumors, to date, long-term monitoring is necessary.

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  • Andrew B. Goldstone, Christopher W. Jensen, Mary Sheridan Bilbao, Y. J ...
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 313-315
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: October 17, 2017

    Approximately 25% of patients require reoperation within 15 yrs of a Ross procedure. Increasing experience with valve-sparing root replacement (VSRR) has led some surgeons to spare the autograft valve. Here, we demonstrate that all valves can be surgically repaired or replaced safely during autograft VSRR. As more patients are considered for this operation, coexistent mitral, tricuspid, and pulmonic valve dysfunction should not preclude salvage of the autograft valve, nor should autograft leaflet prolapse.

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  • Masahiro Yanagiya, Jun Matsumoto, Hirotsugu Hashimoto, Yoshio Suzuki, ...
    2017 Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 316-319
    Published: 2017
    Released on J-STAGE: December 20, 2017
    Advance online publication: June 22, 2017

    Because a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare congenital malformation in the thoracic venous system, surgery of the thymus in such patients has rarely been reported. We herein present a case involving a 68-year-old woman who was treated for a thymic tumor adhering to a PLSVC. She underwent complete resection of the thymic tumor through median sternotomy with left-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery. Although the tumor was close to the left phrenic nerve, this nerve was safely preserved. The pathological diagnosis was mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the thymus. Thoracoscopy combined with median sternotomy enabled us to perform a safe surgical procedure for this patient.

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