Purpose: Saphenous vein graft (SVG) is the most commonly used conduits in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but the disadvantage of SVG is its tendency for progressive failure. We hypothesized that therapeutic-dose warfarin (international normalized ratio [INR] >1.6) plus aspirin improve SVG patency. This study aimed to evaluate the factors contributing to SVG patency.
Methods: Since 2010–2020, 199 patients who underwent isolated CABG using SVG were divided into two groups according to their INR values in the first year: group T (INR >1.6) and group L (INR <1.6).
Results: Group T had 162 SVGs (105 patients) and group L had 151 SVGs (94 patients). The 1-, 4-, and 7-year SVG patency rates were higher in group T than in group L (99%, 96%, and 92% vs. 93%, 86%, and 79%, respectively; p = 0.00378). The 1-, 4-, and 7-year freedom from repeat-revascularization was higher in group T than in group L (100%, 100%, and 99% vs. 98%, 95%, and 87%, respectively; p = 0.0264). Multivariate analysis showed that therapeutic-dose warfarin (p = 0.00204) and target vessel diameter (p <0.0001) were independent risk factors of SVG occlusion.
Conclusion: Therapeutic-dose warfarin (INR >1.6) plus aspirin after CABG improved the long-term patency of SVG and decreased repeat-revascularization rate.
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