The purpose of this study was to clarify the association between the presence or absence of fall experience and physical, cognitive, and mental functions in elderly people with exercise habits. The subjects consisted of 158 elderly people (age ? 60 years) with exercise habits who participated in a physical fitness test in the community. Physical,cognitive, and mental functions were compared between subjects who had experienced a fall within the last 1 year and those without this experience using two-way analysis of variance. Significant improvement was observed in the results of the 30-secondchairstand test as a parameter of lower limb muscle strength compared with those in the previous year, but no main effect of the year was observed in the other items (grip strength, sit-andreach distance, walking ability, cognitive function test, depression scale). However, the depression tendency was significantly more marked in the group with fall experience than in the group without such experience, but the other items showed no significant main effect of the group. In addition, the χ2 test revealed that the elderly group with fall experience within the last 1 year more readily falls. As a result of categorization according to the combination of fall experience and mental function, the incidence of falling was 63% in the high-risk group and 10% in the low-risk group. These results suggest that exercise habits in elderly people are associated with physical, cognitive, and mental functions irrespective of the presence or absence of falling, and falling can be predicted based on the past fall experience and decreased mental function.
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