Fernand Léger's film "Ballet Mécanique" (1923 - 24) is one of the most important avant-garde film of the 1920's. It is a film in which we find only the moving images and fragments of machines. In this paper, I attempt to reveal the production process of the film, and consider Léger's concepts of art through analysis of the elements of its motifs.
It is clear that Léger made this film under the influence of the Ballets Suédois and Abel Gance's film "The Wheel". The art scene in the early 1920's was leaning toward image arts, and Léger experimented visually on screen by using contrasts-abstractions composed of natural elements in mechanical environments. He insisted that the subject of pictorial works were "the ambiguity" between them.