To investigate an effect of inhalation of Taiwan Hinoki ( Chamaecyparis taiwanensis Matum. et Suzuki ) wood oil of 3 different concentrations on mood, we measured pupillary light reflex, blood pressure, R - R interval, and performance indicating changes in mood. Six female students were used as subjects of the study. Control experiments were conducted similarly without odor. The results indicated that 1) maximum constriction acceleration of the pupil increased and blood pressure decreased after inhalation of the Taiwan Hinoki oil, 2) the speed of performing " letter cancellation " increased after inhalation of Taiwan Hinoki oil, and 3) maximum constriction acceleration of the pupil increased and blood pressure decreased along with increase in the intensity of the odor. We concluded that inhalation of the Taiwan Hinoki oil caused a physiological change and the change differed by the intensity of the odor.
The Thought Occurrence Questionnaire (TOQ) and Reactions to Test (RTT) which were developed by Sarason were administered to 123 college students. Sixty two students were successful candidates of the entrance examination of Doshisha University (E) . The other students (NE) were candidates recommended for admission by high school. They did not take the entrance examination. The TOQ responses of 2 groups were factor analyzed separately, and score of each factor was correlated to the subscales of the RTT. The result of factor analysis of the NE subjects' TOQ was quite similar to that of Sarason et al. (1986), but the E subjects' result showed a different factor structure. For the NE group, Factor 3 of TOQ ("Thoughts of escape from the task") and RTT subscores indicated the highest relationships similar to previous studies. As to E group, however, Factor 2 of TOQ ("Task relevant worries") and Worry and Task Irrelevant Thinking scales of RTT correlated at the 5% level; other correlations were not siginificant. These results indicate the strong influence of Japanese university entrance examinations on the candidates' cognitive performance.
Previous studies about "mood congruent recall" have kept affective experiences recalled by subjects simply sorted into two groups, positive events and negative ones, and quantitatively analyzed them. The affective tone of memory, however, has a number of different aspects, and there is a close connection between recalled events. It is necessary to examine affective experiences qualitatively, rather than quantatively. The purpose of this study is to reexamine mood congruent recall by means of a qualitative analysis of recalled events. A positive or negative mood was induced using music and subjects (n=40) were then asked to recall memories of their past events. After that the subjects estimated the affective tone of the recalled events by making use of sixteen adjectives. Since the number of recalled events was different from one subject to another, the first three events which every subject recalled were analyzed. The outcome of classifying events by quantification method of the third type suggested the existence of mood congruent recall. However, in both mood conditions, the affective tone of the second recalled event was more positive than that of the first or the third recalled event. A sence of such bias was discussed.
" Beauty is in the eye of the beholder ", according to an ancient adage. Faces are evaluated in terms of the personal, physical and social qualities which the target appears to offer the perceiver. Face have a meaningful role in social context. Members of different ethnic groups have very different standards for the perception of facial attractiveness. The general theoretical premise of the study is that the standards for judgement of female facial beauty are essentially cultural in character, but they are also influenced by racial averages of features. On the other hand, evolutionary theory provides a basis for suggesting that some aspects of beauty may not be arbitrary or culturally relative. The perceptions of facial attractiveness may be influenced by neonate, sexually mature, aging, expressive and grooming attributes. These physiognomic cues not only convey information about the target but also arouse emotion in the perceiver. Previous studies in the area of facial beauty have concentrated on responses of European, American people to members of the same culture. But Mongolian have different features with Caucasian. Further, Japanese culture have traditionally desired females to be subservient. The experiment compared judgment of female physical attractiveness made by Japanese and Korean people. A total of 232Japanese students in a college and 238 Korean female students in two colleges, who were shown photo slides of Japanese and Korean females that manipulated in three levels of beauty, rated the attractiveness and likeability of Japanese / Korean by 13 bipolar-adjective items. Thirty - six black and white photographs were presented in the form of 35mm slides ( three poses - front view, profile, and three - quarters ) projected onto a screen. Precise facialmetric assessments of the size of facial features were made by male aesthetic anatomist. These indicies were analyzed by means of some multivariate analysis methods. Positively correlated with beauty ratings were large eyes, small mouth, small chin in Japanese. On the other hand, large eyes, small and high nose, thin and small face correlated positively withbeauty in Korean. Korean attached more importance to cubic view than Japanese. Japanese Ss posessed simple judgement dimensions, while Korean Ss attached more importance to multiple affective dimensions ( beauty, maturity, likeability). Japanese Ss are more discriminant Stimuls Person's beauty levels than Korean Ss. They have different standards of beauty with each other. But, Japanese Ss can not judge SP' ethnicity consciously. In Japan it is important for the maintenance of interpersonal hermony traditionally that people suppress their emotion and do not appraise physical beauty publicly.