Computer & Education
Online ISSN : 2188-6962
Print ISSN : 2186-2168
ISSN-L : 2186-2168
Volume 44
Displaying 1-14 of 14 articles from this issue
Special Reports on "IT will Change Archive and Education"
  • -A Case Report from Tokyo National Museum-
    Satoshi Tarashima
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 12-16
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     Storing and managing images of museum collections are essential for both internal curatorial work and external service. This report firstly reviews history of image management at Tokyo National Museum from its foundation in 19th century,including recent process of digitization. Secondly,author introduces some databases and released websites of the collection images,prospecting near future issues related to public open-data policy.

    Download PDF (1165K)
  • In Case of the Website “Japanese Animated Film Classics”
    Kazuki Miura, Tomoya Kimura, Naosuke Okamoto
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 17-21
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     National Film Center,the National Museum of Modern Art,Tokyo (NFC) has established a website with the National Institute of Informatics (NII) as part of the National Research Project for the long-term preservation and access to digital motion pictures. The “Japanese Animated Film Classics” website was launched to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Japanese animation,which is believed to have first been publicly shown in 1917. NFC has featured 64 works released between 1917 and 1941 and uploaded them in this website. This website has got 1 million page views six months after the opening of this site and achieved outstanding results of getting the visitor/educator’s support in and out of Japan.

    Download PDF (1313K)
  • Kayoko Taniai
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 22-30
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     Osaka Labor Archive is a private library which holds museum materials and documents. We are holding the primary resources of labor unions and social movement organizations gathered for compilation of “Osaka social labor movement history”,but in 2008 the subsidy of Osaka prefecture was abolished. Since then financial conditions are extremely severe,and 80% of the income is dependent on donations. In order to make use of materials and leave them for the next generation,we are working on digitizing a number of contents and creating a database by organizing projects with researchers. In this paper,after outlining the entire resources of the archives,we will mainly introduce the contents and databases that can be used on the Web. Also,we will describe the issues of digital archiving,and also present the prospects for future digitization projects.

    Download PDF (1338K)
  • Mariko Takibata
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 31-35
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     Although WebClass is only a tool,it is one way to improve the satisfaction of both students and teachers. Many of the students of this middle-ranking private university have not acquired a level of literacy that can digest traditional lecture style class contents. Just as participatory exhibits are preferred at museums,participatory experiences tend to be preferred in university lessons. What we must not forget is not only to increase customer satisfaction but also to confirm what the faculty would like to convey through the lessons once again. Using the tool called WebClass,sophistication of the content of the lesson is required.

    Download PDF (1047K)
Case Studies
  • Kazuki Mitsui
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 36-41
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     A class was developed and implemented for learning tablet computer operation methods and rules. In this class format,students in the lower grades of elementary school learned together: second-year elementary school students (who taught the information) and first-year elementary school students (who learned the information). The evaluation results showed that the second-year students had a changed awareness regarding teaching and explaining,while the first-year students were able to more efficiently learn the operation methods and rules than in traditional teacher-led,simultaneous guidance-type class formats.

    Download PDF (1158K)
  • Kyohei Sakai, Shingo Shiota
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 42-47
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     In recent years,the problem of Internet addiction with the excessive use of the Internet along with its attendant adverse effects on individuals has been pointed out. Under these circumstances,efforts to prevent the overuse of the Internet and to improve the quality of student’s Internet addiction have been widely undertaken; however,the problem lies in the fact that they do not encourage behavioral change among students. Therefore,in this research,we developed an information moral class for junior high school students. Simultaneously,we thought that it would be effective for them to make an “Internet-addiction scale” by themselves in a group activity,which we could incorporate into the program. Consequently,it became clear that awareness was advised with regard to multiple items. Going by these results,it was suggested that the information moral class developed in this research was effective in encouraging awareness regarding Internet-addiction tendencies.

    Download PDF (1117K)
  • Yasuo Maeda
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 48-53
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     The purpose of this research was to consider the possibility of an online store supporting high school student’s learning. In this paper,we proposed an analytical framework in which the internet search behavior changed consumer’s buying motivation to learning motivation,inquisitive activities appeared,and learning was leaded. Three groups of two high schools in Nagoya City responded to the questionnaire after browsing the survey site developed using open source. As a result,it was suggested that inquisitive activities including net search,reading books and magazines,dialogue with families and acquaintances,etc. could be generated. In order for inquisitive activities to actually appeared,it was necessary to further improve the research site,but it was suggested that it was possible to use the online store as a tool for learning support.

    Download PDF (1239K)
  • Fumihiko Mitsunaga, Yoshiaki Matsuura, Yoshihiro Mori
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 54-59
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     Students’ Statistical Thinking does not improve only by learning descriptive statistics in the Mathematics of high school. In this study,the students took “MathematicsⅠ” classes and “Information Study for Participating Community”,which were based on the PBL idea with RESAS. Separating these students into two groups and having one group take PBL program,there were some kind of differences that were meaningful in the class which had been done PBL. We found out that students’ attitude toward learning would improve by taking “ARCS mq.”.

    Download PDF (1155K)
  • ―Through Learning in Junior High School Technology · Home Economics Technology Field―
    Masami Mita, Yoichi Miyagawa, Kodai Hamabata
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 60-66
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     In this study,we developed and utilized an SNS-operated (Social Networking Service-operated) experience-based teaching aid called “SNS Chat!” and formulated and implemented four-hour themes for first-year junior high school students. As a result,after the implementation,descriptions such as thinking about the contents of the writing that could lead to the identification of individuals and willingness to use SNS were identified in the worksheets of 95.7% of the learners. Furthermore,in the worksheets of 91.4% of the learners,we also identified descriptions referring to considering the use of SNS while avoiding any danger to oneself,including paying attention to GPS functions based on information transmission that could lead to the identification of individuals (writing,inserting photographs). From these,we have confirmed a certain educational effect of the practice of incorporating the SNS-operated experience-based teaching aid “SNS Chat!” with respect to thinking of good ways of using SNS and the attitude formation tied to the willingness to implement it.

    Download PDF (1256K)
Articles
  • Kohei Fukushima, Madoka Katsui, Shuji Matsuno, Tsutomu Shimomura
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 67-72
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     In this study,an application to alleviate aversions to “writing” and to foster logical writing ability was developed. In ‘Lonely’,the iPad application,‘images’ are the basis from which assertions are drawn,and for each image a column for ‘facts’ and a column for ‘opinions’ can be written separately. In addition,to make a paragraph consisting of the three contents―images,facts,and opinions- it allows students to organize an article by arranging the order of those sentences freely on the screen. Furthermore,the application logs operations and changes made,enabling teachers to analyze the process of a student’s composition and the improvement of their activities. As a result of practicing using “Lonely”,a certain effect was seen in alleviating children’s aversions to “writing”.

    Download PDF (1232K)
  • Lingyue Yu
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 73-78
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     As revealed in previous studies,when Japanese language learners from China do searching over the Internet,they have problems in 1) thinking of the correct keyword and 2) relying too much on the Kanji characters. This time with 11 students from China as our target,we have them performed 7 searching tasks and conducted an interview for the investigation of the above captioned problems and other possible problems. As for keywords,it is easy to extract keywords from the given articles,but it is difficult to think of the keywords in Japanese for thoughts. The tendency to rely heavily on Kanji is not improved along with the language proficiency. We also witness other problems such as 1) presumption of the answer of the searching task,and thus neglecting information that is out of the presumed zone. 2) when evaluating the search result,the number of site with the wanted information is graded rather than the quality of the information. 3) no confirmation of the self-made conclusion. A possible cause of the problems is the over-simplified evaluation criteria,i.e. the lack of multi-angle,critical analysis to the search result.

    Download PDF (1145K)
  • Keita Kobayashi, Yojiro Teramoto, Shingo Shiota, Hiroshi Onoda
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 79-84
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     Robots that can communicate with humans via conversation are widely used today in many places,for example,at shopping malls to provide assistance and for reception. They are also used in the healthcare industry and therapy settings to offer various treatments. We examined the ways in which communication robots are being used for educational purposes,by examining a range of cases. We found that there are two models of communication robots adopted in education: the giver type and the receiver type. Our report classified the cases into these two types. There was no research that compared differences in the learning effects of these two models. We offered lessons comprising the same content,by applying both the models,and compared their educational effects. Our results revealed that engagement with the receiver type of communication robots increased motivation.

    Download PDF (1217K)
  • -Development of Card Teaching Materials for Judging ‘Suspicious’ -
    Shingo Shiota, Kazuya Takase, Kyohei Sakai, Keita Kobayashi, Shoji Yab ...
    2018 Volume 44 Pages 85-90
    Published: June 01, 2018
    Released on J-STAGE: December 01, 2018
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

     Implementation of information security education and moral education has become problematic at junior high school level. Conventional teaching methods have been used to explain security measures in cases of trouble. However,students may acquire knowledge with these methods,but it is difficult to encourage their sense of ownership toward security measures as they lack the feeling that they might be in trouble. In this research,we have developed information security teaching materials aimed at encouraging junior high school students to feel the possibility of being in trouble,and we examined the results. Moreover,we have developed card teaching materials,which imitate a screen,specially designed to discover students’ sense of “suspicion” of troubles. The results demonstrate an encouraging sense of ownership and motivation toward future security measures.

    Download PDF (1233K)
Editorial Notes
feedback
Top