This paper attempts to present a perspective through which the process of interaction is seen as a process of social control. For this purpose G. H. Mead's theorization of interaction is investigated, and the arousal of the self and its conduct are described as “others-dependent” in the process of interaction. Then the conception of the taking the attitude/role of the generalized other by the self, used by head to explain those “others-dependent-ness”, is pointed out as a capacity of the self that is a necessary presupposition for the mechanism of social control. Further studies in the mechanism of social control and the presupposition of this capacity in the process of interaction is suggested.
Talcott Parsons (1902-4979) conducts Money as medium from “Economy and Society” (1956) and he finds the clue it and he develops the theory on the generalized symbolic media. He conducts Money, Power, Infuluence, Value-Commitments from the process of interchange on Social System and Intelligence, Performance Capacity, Affect, Definition of the Situation from the process of interchange on the General Action System. Further he conducts four media, Empirical Ordering, Health, Symbolic Meaning, Transcendental Ordering from the Human Condition. This paper deals with the nature of their media.
The aim of this paper is to determine the relationship between the concept of class, exploitation and domination. Today in Japan it is said that class struggle or the labour movement is weakening. I think that the existing Marxist class theory is not sufficient to explain this conjuncture. A part of this origin lies in inadequate to the general framework of surplus value analysis by Marxian Economics. Through the examinations of the work of M. Morishima, J. E. Roemer and E. O. Wright, I propose a general strategy for rethinking the concept of class structure in terms of exploitation. Domination in labour process or other relations has a distinct logic from exploitation rooted in property relations.
This paper I argued that the Liberty was implicated in social knowledge and human being. At first, I consider the various sides of liberty. Various sides of Liberty are mainly divided into two parts. I want to call them “Liberty” and “Freedom”. Both parts of Liberty (=liberty and freedom) are restricted to social Knowledge (=institution). In this paper, I wanted to explain that Liberty was constructed from social belief system (institution). Social instiution is supported by our knowledge system. This institution have two dimensions of its support system. One thing is called explicit support system. And the other was called tacit support system. Indeed, I consider that interaction between Liberty and Tacit supporting in the social systems.
This paper is a basic work for thinking of Umesao's ecological view of history. For the first time I argue its gist and its meaning. Secondary I arrange points of the ecological view of history. Third I argue problems on the Japan intellectual history and theoretically. Finally I survay response of Marxism and sociology.
In this article it is tried to reconstruct the theory of a way of urban life. For this purpose, first, I arrange existing theories according to the levels of their view points included in such theories and point out some problems to be solved. Secondly I examine the change of a way of urban life indicated in the case of Kurasawa's and Morioka's study from the view of the progress of urbanization. Thirdly I define a way of life and of urban life with the concept of social structure and social relation in the level of action. And finally I present the vision of probable urban life and analyze it with the concepts of ‘collective housing’ and ‘living association’ based on the regional connections in the urban life.
Radical feminism has been playing a central role in the theory of new feminism which underlies the ‘new social movements’ started in many of advanced capitalist nations from the latter of the 1960's on. One major point that radical feminism made is that problems of women's oppression cannot be totally reduced to class oppression. With this view, efforts have been made by materialist feminists since the mid 70's to theorize problems of women's oppression in regard to capitalism. In this paper, I will examine some issues currently discussed in materialist feminist theories and discuss several theoretical concepts proposed in E. O. Wright's class theory and I. Wallerstein's theory of ‘household’.
A questionaire survey and analysis was conducted for 315 women's college students in order to elucidate the relationship between what they call characteristics of “Shin-jinrui (New Breed of Young People)” and their consciousness of sex roles. Several scales were made and their correlations were examined. The main result was that those so-called “Shin-jinrui” have more traditional consciosness of sex roles than those who are not. This relationship was considered by the psychological mechanism that “Shin-jinrui” hate the effort, patient, sacrifice and so on which are required by more independent role.
There have been few articles on the sociological analysis of love. In this paper, it is tried to make framework of sociological analysis of love in with reference to ‘Sociology of Emotions’, and to understand the character of the love institution in modern society by using the fruits of Social History. It is understood that love is constructed subjectively by feeling rules regulating the relation between situations, desires to act, emotional words. And love is institutionalized by the several types of norms. In modern society, the love institutions are characterized by the enclosure in marriage.
This paper analyses the examination system in socialist countries, in order to study the system of “school report” and “recommendation” from the point of view of sociology. In those areas, different from western countries, university admittion is determined sore by work experience, records in high school, and character grading through school reports or recommendation than by results of an examination of single round. Aided by historical and comparative data, t his paper shows that this type of examination system has relation to an extention of controlling power of State.
There are two leading role theories. One is the role theory of structual theory in a broad sense, the other is the role theory of symbolic interactionism. Today R. Dahrendorf's role theory in Homo Sociologicus (1958) is regarded as an exemplar of the sturactual-functionalism. In West Germany it was eagerly disputed for some years after its publication, but its science theory was not disputed to a full extent. He interpreted Popper's science theory, especially in context of the “searchlight theory of science” in his own manner and constracted “Homo Sociologicus, ” that is, the sociological image of man, from the point of view of hypothesis of role conforming behavior. It has proved impossible for the “searchlight” to throw vivid light on the living human being, by being confronted with the role theory “dispute” of “inter-subjective criticism” presented by Popper.