In this paper we will analyze the changing symbolism of a fisherman's group in the town Meze, France, located in the Mediterranean Sea coast, examining "Fisherman Festival (Fete de Saint Pierre) and "Day of Heritage (Journee de Patrimoine), in which the group participate today. Meze is a historically composed of two different professional groups: farmers and fishermen. In this community there have been existing for a long time a latent tension between these, just after the II World War. The latter-that is, fishermen-were economically poor and considered as a discriminated group in a local sense. This situation have gradually changed the postwar by the success of oyster nursery and by the folklorization of the fishermen's lifestyle and themselves, practiced by Meze local government; the professional group's living have been remarkably progressed and it is no longer poor and discriminated. In accordance with the social change fishermen have also been getting to folklorize themselves. We can consider, thus, they are a symbolized feature of Meze community, far from the before discriminated social position. This paper will study in detail this historically process of folklorization related with social transformation.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of current floor plan of the houses that are holding a traditional "Hounensai" festival in Yaeyama Islands and to clarify a transformation of the current floor plan in comparison to the floor plan of a traditional house. As a result, we can examine a transformation of the current floor plan through the following changes: 1) the corridor is established beside the Nibanza, 2) the kitchen, bathroom, and restroom are placed inside, 3) the entrance hall is set up, 4) the corridor is located in Uraza and serving as a private room. In contrast, it is traditional to post Ichibanza and Nibanza facing a garden and also facing south, to situate a master bedroom or a nursery in Uraza, to position Toko in Ichibanza, and to place the Butsudan in Nibanza. The condition of Uraza has improved since a corridor has been established, and it has become a private room, however, the physical environmental condition of ventilation and lighting is not well compared to Omoteza. In addition, it has become evident that the guest room on the south side incorporate pleasant environmental condition. Based on the results of the previous report and the present study, we can observe a continuity of inside and outside space of a house, such as, "site entrance - garden as festival space - house opening - Omoteza." It can be implied that 'Hounensai' festival influenced the floor plan greatly and is the major factor of transformation.
The purpose of this research to clarify the influences on the children who experienced Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. In the following thesis, I explained the relationship of daily lives and growth of children living in the area of distress and the seismic calamity of the city type. I performed survey to the children to understand the impact of the earthquake to their daily lives. This survey has been performed to the current high school students 11 years after the earthquake. Through this survey, I learned the children experienced the earthquake in 1995 consider entire family as their priority more than the children who did not experienced the earthquake and also they are more aware of the living environment they are in.
Based on the case study aimed at 5 wheelchair users and 3 livelihood support service providers, we have studied the problems that physically handicapped persons are facing when securing their houses and examined necessary social environmental conditions for smooth securing of their houses. The study pointed out some problems as follows: 1. At present, enough information wheelchair users are wanting when they are looking for their houses is not provided by real estate agents. 2. Refusal of the rent by owners and realtors the physically handicapped still exists probably because it is based on embarrassment against alteration of the house and uneasiness of living pattern of the physically handicapped. 3. In the process of building-up a comfortable living by the physically handicapped, considerable information, time, labor, and spiritual strength are required. From the above-mentioned, the study emphasized that necessary and sufficient housing information, negotiation skills for building up comfortable living environment, and support program regarding empowerment for the physically handicapped are required. In addition, we pointed out that the measures leading to further barrier-free environment regardless of owning or renting house are desired and it is necessary to create a system that no refusal when renting house just because of possible remodeling is expected.
The purpose of this paper is to understand how the Japanese received and advanced the electric fan by investigating changes in its function, form and color since their initial importation. Functional innovations in the design of Japanese electric fans reflected a national character that admired the wind and understood the necessity of overcoming a sultry climate. Key functional innovations include: regulation of the strength of a wind, adjustment of the angle of the head, a rotating head and noisereduction, etc. Before World War II, virtually all the required functional innovations were already incorporated in existing fans of the period. The key function added during the postwar period was neck expansion. The basic type of prewar fan was "black, had a four-blade propeller, with a guard and rotating head"; a basic design formulated in the Taisho Era. Fans produced immediately after the war also followed this basic form of design. Changes in postwar fans included the adoption of wide three-blade propellers and a streamlining of form. Prewar fans were only available in black. However, under the influence of the U.S. and the introduction of plastic, fans of varying color were available after the war.