"The Great East Japan Earthquake" that occurred on March 11, 2011 gave devastating destruction to fishing ports, fishing grounds and fishing villages in Pacific coastal areas such as Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima and so on. The fishery is a main industry in these coastal areas. The damage caused by this earthquake disaster gave serious influences on inhabitants communities in these areas. The outflow of fishing boats, fishing implements and aquaculture facilities by tsunami caused serious damage to regional fishery activities, and most of inhabitants lost the workplace and home. The damage caused by this earthquake disaster was far beyond expectation, was not to watch an example in the past. For restorations and revival of these coastal areas, the arguments on "relocation of residential street from coastal area to high ground area", "separation between workplace and home", "selection and concentration of fishing port function" and so on, have been practiced by regional administrative bodies and inhabitants. However, it is not easy to practice the proposal. The fishery production activities were performed in cooperation with inhabitant's communities. It is important to respect the intention of inhabitants, and is necessary and important to push forward planning based on the inhabitants agreement in these areas. The Japanese Institute of Technology on Fishing Ports, Grounds and Communities (JIFIC) set up a fishery area reconstruction aid project team, performed proposal for the restoration and revival of these coastal fishery areas. Based on the reasonable understanding of the disaster risk, the proposal showed the logical way of approach and viewpoints on the institution placement plan in fishing ports and fishing villages.