日本水産工学会誌
Online ISSN : 2189-7131
Print ISSN : 0916-7617
ISSN-L : 0916-7617
最新号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
学会賞受賞講演
  • 木村 暢夫
    2020 年 57 巻 1 号 p. 1-9
    発行日: 2020/07/31
    公開日: 2020/07/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    The seakeeping qualities of fishing vessels in Japan are generally poorer in small boats than in larger vessels. Ship motion frequently exhibits strong nonlinear responses to external forces due to the typical ship forms. This has resulted in many serious marine accidents and fatalities. To improve the safety of small fishing boats with structural vulnerabilities, it is necessary not only to understand their basic stability, but also to estimate accurately the structure of the dynamic response characteristics for external forces. In addition, the regulation of gross tonnage (GT) in the Fishing Vessel Act resulted in the restriction of various improvements of fishing vessels. Many scientists studying fishing vessels pointed out this problem, and in 2018, the law was finally revised, so the structure and safety are expected to improve in near future.

    In this paper, I show some typical methodologies for studying the dynamic response structure to improve the safety of fishing vessels currently in use and of future fishing boats.

研究論文
  • 宮向 智興, 今尾 和正, 田崎 智晶, 赤司 有三, 鈴木 輝明, 田中 義人
    2020 年 57 巻 1 号 p. 11-25
    発行日: 2020/07/31
    公開日: 2020/07/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    In order to evaluate the effect of artificial rock solidified dredged soil on the organisms, we observed the appearance of diatoms, seaweeds, sessile/mobile animals, and fishes for about 2 years after setting the reef making a comparison with natural stone. And the nitrogen and carbon stable isotope ratios of the biological communities gathering on artificial reefs were compared with surrounding area.

    For seaweeds, their appearances differed depending on the species, Sargassum horneri was detected on artificial stone, and Ecklonia cava tended to habit on natural stone. No clear difference was observed between the artificial rock and natural rock in the whole community structure of the sessile and mobile animals. In addition, difference among the taxonomic groups were also small from the viewpoint of appearance status resulting from the cluster analysis. However, comparing with the prey organisms in the stomach contents of fish, many Serpulidae, polycheats appeared in artificial rock. Some fishes preying on them like Acanthopagrus schlegelii and Oplegnathus fasciatus had a greater populations at prey-rich artificial rock, which suggests the relationship between biomass of prey organisms and population of fish. Although the species number of fish differed between artificial rock and natural rock, specific relationship was found neither in the raw materials, nor in biomass of prey and seaweed. The stable isotope ratios of nitrogen and carbon suggested that the artificial rock has a food linkage structure equivalent to that of the surrounding area.

  • 藤井 陽介
    2020 年 57 巻 1 号 p. 27-34
    発行日: 2020/07/31
    公開日: 2020/07/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    マコンブ養殖業における葉体乾燥作業はその準備作業として多くの人手を要している。本研究では,作業・時間研究から並列作業のボトルネック工程を抽出し,人員配置の効率化手法を構築した。ボトルネック工程抽出の結果,新たな機械の導入によるボトルネック工程の標準時間の短縮が,工程全体の効率化に有効であることを明らかにした。同時に,短縮後の具体的な標準時間とランニングコストを明らかにした。これらの研究成果は多くの手作業で構成される漁業生産現場の効率化,人員配置の適正化,省人化に応用可能である。

報文
  • 清水 健一, 八木 光晴, 森本 遼平, 森井 康宏, 山脇 信博, 合澤 格, 保科 草太, 木下 宰, 筒井 英人, 青島 隆, 内田 ...
    2020 年 57 巻 1 号 p. 35-44
    発行日: 2020/07/31
    公開日: 2020/07/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Recentry, various types of mud samplers have been used for collecting bottom sediment. Usually, Smith-Mclntyre sampler or Ekman grab sampler are used for take sediment sample. However, these conventional mud samplers are very heavy, and sometimes become danger operation in rough sea condition. The other hand, only about same volume as one spoon as, is need for analysis sediment component. Therefore, we tried to develop a new compact mud sampler which can be operated by a rod and an electric reel, and evaluated its usefulness compared with conventional grab type mud sampler. As the result, we can make one prototype compact mud sampler, which size has 1.6 kg weight in the air, L=5 cm, B=4 cm, D=7 cm and sampling volume is 140 cm3. And, we carried out actual sea experiment (Sea depth was ranged 3 m to 76 m). From this experiment, we can say that new type compact mud sampler is usefulness in many cases. However, sometimes different sample was obtained, in case actual sedimentation particle size is more than 150 µm, but nothing to do with the sea depth.

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