The tidal currents associated with temperture and salinity fluctuations have been observed at Nomi Bay. The period of intemal tides is close to the natural period in the bay, causing the resonance. It is indicated that the vertical displacement of the transition layer by resonance is larger than that of the sea surface. The horizontal tidal flow of the upper layer is approximately opposite to the flow of the lower layer. Those phenomena showed that intemal tides are predominant in the bay.
The sea water exchange is dominantly affected by the resonance of intemal tide. The exchange ratio is much larger than weakly stratified bays. Especially, the resonance of ihtemal tide plays a crucial role in making the culture of young ye1lowtails, etc. a possibility. The behaviors of the internal tides are examined analytically by a two-layer linear model. It is estimated that resonance of intemal tide occur at Nomi Bay. The displacement of the interface and the velocities of upper and lower layers are calculated. These estimated values are verified by the observed values at Nomi Bay.
The oceanographical conditions due to intemal tides which have been observed at Nomi Bay are examined by a numerical experiment with a two-layer stratified flow model. When the fluctuations of surface tide and the interface are given with the inversion phase at the mouth of Susaki Bay, the intemal tides are amplified and the stratified flows are formed. The computed values are consist with the observed values of current velocities and the amplitude of the intemal tides. It is indicated that the amplification of the intemal tides at Nomi Bay is considered to be due to the resonance phenomenon and is closely related to the local bottom topography.
A method for the improvement of water quality in area such as a mariculture ground where the intemal Waves intrude into a shelf is discussed. The effectiveness of the enhanced sea water exchange by density current ditch is examined by a bydrauric experimental model. The effectiveness is estimated to be stronger when the thickness of lower layer is thimer and the bottom friction stress is larger.
To study the flow structure arround natural reef, Water flume experiment was carried out. The following results were obtaind. 1) Granulor dye scattering method was very useful to visualize the flow pattems arround a three-dimensional obstacle. 2) The mechanism of upwelling vortex generation is completely different between two-dimensional model and three-dimensional model. 3) An obstacle whose length is between 6 and 8 times of its height generates strong upwelling vortex behind its recirculating zone. The height of upwe11ing vortex is more than 4 times of the height of the obstacle. 4) Dual cones type model generates strong upwelling vortex effectively compared with other mound type
model. The tidal currents associated with temperture and salinity fluctuations have been observed at Nomi Bay.