日本水産工学会誌
Online ISSN : 2189-7131
Print ISSN : 0916-7617
ISSN-L : 0916-7617
45 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の9件中1~9を表示しています
  • 木下 淳司
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 169-178
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In ocean areas where the shortage of spores was a factor limiting growth, large quantities of one-year old brown macroalgae (Ecklonia cava) cultivated on artificial substrates were transplanted in large quantities to submerged breakwater to form beds. In November 1994 and January 1996, approximately 12,000 and 15,000 brown algae samples were transplanted to the site. After six years in March 2001, the area of the beds reached its maximum area of 8,000m^2, implying that the beds expanded at a rate of 20〜48m/year. In low temperature years, the attachment of large numbers of juvenile brown algae was the trigger for bed expansion. During the years when the beds were expanding (1994-2001) there was little feeding pressure from herbivorous animals. Although the submerged breakwaters along the Seisho Coast were originally intended as wave suppression features, they were very effective for creating seaweed beds and for protecting and nurturing marine organisms. In fact, it has been suggested that these breakwaters contributed to an increase in coastal fishery production. Unanticipated factors that contributed to limiting the growth of the beds included strong waves (Autumn 2001), which washed away sections of the brown algae beds, and also heavy grazing by herbivorous fish (Siganus fuscescens) (Autumn 2004). The localized algae beds that escaped grazing occurred in areas where the waves and currents created habitats with complex flow conditions. In addition, access to these areas was limited and they were characterized as having strong circular flow and near shore currents. While grazing by S. fuscescens resulted in the loss of approximately 80% of the brown algae beds, there has been considerable recovery of the brown algae beds since 2006. Long-term monitoring will be continued in the future to increase our understanding of the factors responsible for changes in the distribution patterns of brown algae beds established on submerged breakwaters.
  • 江幡 恵吾
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 179-185
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Trolling fishery is a typical fishing method used for catching fish that swim at high speeds, such as tuna, skipjack, and yellowtail, in tropical and subtropical regions. The structure of fishing gear is quite simple and consists of a rod, main line, trolling depressor, leader line and lure. The trolling depressor can be used to submerge the lure when it is being towed. The movement of the trolling depressor is important for catching the target species. The purpose of this study is to clarify the movement of a trolling depressor. The experiments were conducted using a flume tank to clarify the characteristic movement of the trolling depressor. A 3-component load cell measured the line tension. The displacement of the point where the line was connected to the trolling depressor was estimated by the line tension. The period of the y component's displacement was twice as long as those of the x and z component's displacement. It was clarified that the locus of the point was similar to number "8" on the xy, yz, and xz planes. A flume tank experiment was conducted to measure the tension of the line and the attitude and angular velocities of the trolling depressor. In this experiment, a 2 times larger model of the trolling depressor was used to install the underwater motion measuring unit. The acceleration, attitude and angular velocities of the trolling depressor were measured using this unit. This experiment enabled to clarify the change in pitching angle, rolling angle and yawing angle of the trolling depressor, and each period was 0.7, 1.4, and 1.4 seconds.
  • 塩出 大輔, 深谷 陽介, 胡 夫祥, 東海 正, 中畑 勝見, 中野 秀樹
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 187-193
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Flume tank experiments were performed to examine the fluid characteristics of the towing buoy in which the transmitter was installed to track movement of whale shark. The improved-type buoy is made of syntactic foam with high pressure-tightness and buoyancy, and has a streamline shape with the dimension of 48cm long in total, 4cm and 6cm in maximum width and height, compared with the conventional buoy of 39cm long and 12cm in maximum width. The towing drag, lateral force, lifting force, and pitching moment of their buoys were measured with a six-component balance at attack angles ranging from -30°to 30°, and at current speeds ranging from 40 to 140cm/s. Coefficient of each force, moment, and pressure center were also obtained. The drag coefficient of the improved-type buoy was below 0.1 within the attack angle range between ±10°, which is smaller than that of the conventional type at any attack angle. Coefficient of pitching moment of improved-type buoy within the attack angle range between ±10° was quite small, and larger than that of the conventional type. The conventional buoy has its pressure center in the anterior of the body, which causes unstable posture in towing. In contrast, the improved-type buoy has a pressure center in the posterior. Therefore, its posture in towing is stabilized around the attack angle of -5° when the wire-attachment position is determined in the anterior of the buoy, taking the gravity center of the body and transmitter into consideration.
  • 伊藤 靖, 中野 喜央, 藤澤 真也
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 195-206
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    人工魚礁に蝟集する魚類の摂餌状況と,人工魚礁由来の餌料動物との関係を明らかにする目的で,海洋環境の異なる瀬戸内海日生町沿岸(日生町沿岸域)のD.L-4.1〜-4.3mと日本海能登町沿岸(能登町沿岸域)のD.L.-9.3mに設置されている人工魚礁を対象にして,2004年から2006年にかけて定期的に,魚類潜水目視調査,漁獲調査,蝟集魚の消化管内容物調査を実施した。潜水目視調査,刺網およびかぶせ網による漁獲調査の結果から,人工魚礁に蝟集していた魚種は,日生町沿岸域では29種,能登町沿岸域では48種で,魚種数は両海域ともに夏季に多かった。蝟集量は,日生町沿岸域ではクロダイが,能登町沿岸域ではスズメダイ,キュウセン,チャガラが優占種であった。漁獲調査では,目視観察では確認されなかった魚種が両海域を合わせて刺網で9種,かぶせ網で5種が確認された。また,かぶせ網では魚礁単体に着生した海藻群落に潜在している魚類を定量的に採捕することができた。人工魚礁に蝟集していた魚種のうち,魚礁性の強いカサゴ,メバルおよびクジメの計51個体の消化管内容物を調べ,本調査と並行して実施された人工魚礁とその周辺域に分布する餌料動物の分布調査の結果との関係を検討した。その結果,カサゴは,魚礁部材に着生する付着動物群を多く捕食しているが,季節的には人工魚礁に生育した海藻類の葉上動物,周辺のプランクトンや底生動物を捕食していた。メバルはプランクトンや付着動物群を多く捕食していたが,底生動物や葉上動物も利用していた。クジメは付着動物群,底生動物の捕食が多く,葉上動物やプランクトンも利用していた。したがって,魚礁性の強いカサゴ,メバルおよびクジメの3種ともに,主に人工魚礁および周辺に生息する節足動物門,環形動物門多毛綱などの餌料動物を捕食しており,人工魚礁に生息している小型動物が,蝟集魚類の重要な餌料となっていることが明らかになった。
  • 多部田 茂, 木下 嗣基, 清水 康弘
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 207-219
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    A food economic model including fishery products is developed by expanding IFPSIM which was originally made for analyzing agricultural economic polices. Fishery products are introduced by categorizing fish species according to patterns of supply and demand, by modeling production and demand for typical fish species, and by extending the model to all fishery products. By comparing simulation results and actual data for the period from 1988 to 2002, we confirmed that the developed model simulated the long-term changes in production and prices of each fish categories and the whole marine products with reasonable accuracy. Although future studies are necessary to assess the validity of quantitative results generated in this study, we proposed a valid framework for an economic model of food supply and demand including both agricultural and fishery products. In simulations, using the developed model to forecast food self-sufficiency, it is demonstrated that self-sufficiency in fishery products, which do not rely on feed grain, would make a substantial contribution to overall self-sufficiency in sources of essential animal protein.
  • 蒲原 聡, 服部 克也, 甲斐 正信, 原田 靖子, 桑原 久実, 鈴木 輝明, 高倍 昭洋
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 221-228
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    流動環境がサガラメ群落へのアイゴの採食圧に与える影響を調査した。沖からの波当たりは,サガラメ残存域が消滅域より強く現れた。また,残存域のサガラメ植生域では,23.6cm/s以上の平均波浪流速が発生しており,その幅は消滅域の2倍程度あった。また,沖側の23.6cm/s以上の波浪流速の発生頻度は,残存域の方が消滅域よりも有意に多かった。アイゴはサガラメ残存域の方が消滅域よりも多く出現したが,残存域ではサガラメの採食は確認されなかったため,波浪流速の大きさがアイゴの採食圧を低下させている可能性が示された。
  • 升也 利一
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 229-234
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Experimental results on the forward speed effect to the longitudinal restoring forces and moments acting on high speed coastal fishing vessels are reported. The restoring forces and moments with and without forward speed were measured with a scaled model of the coastal fishing vessel in head waves. The results show that remarkable forward speed effect exists at the Froude number of 0.5 or over. These measured forces and moments do not improve the ship motion prediction so that it is suggested that added mass and inertia moment could depend on forward speed as well.
  • 長野 章, 古屋 温美, 横山 真吾
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 235-238
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    When we apply the input-output table analysis for small regions such as fishing villages, we have the following issues: 1) The regional input-output tables have hardly been made, 2) If the regional input-out-put table existed, the industrial sectors, especially fishery and its' concerned industries, are not subdivided into more sectors, 3) To make Input-output tables needs a lot of time and money. In this report, we will explain the methods to make regional input-output tables to reflect characteristics of regional industries and to calculate the economic effects caused by materialization of region development scenarios and the efficient fishery infrastructures by using the input-output tables.
  • 企画委員会シンポジウム実行委員会
    原稿種別: 本文
    2009 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 239-247
    発行日: 2009/02/15
    公開日: 2017/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
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