Depression is common among cancer patients and their families, and may lead to substantial clinical consequences. Clinicians should routinely screen cancer patients for comorbid depression and should provide appropriate care at both primary and specialized care levels. Good quality care is beneficial not only for cancer patients themselves but also for their family members. It includes good communication between patients and health providers, and addressing of unmet needs of cancer patients. Specialized care comprises pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. The advancement of psychotherapy for cancer patients parallels the advancement of general psychotherapy. Among the many types of psychotherapies, mindfulness-based interventions have been attracting growing attention. Some relevant studies that have been conducted in Keio University Hospital are described herein.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of transcorneal electrical stimulation in subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma. Five eyes of four male subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma (average age: 52.25 ± 14.68 years) were enrolled. The subjects underwent transcorneal electrical stimulation every 3 months according to the following procedure. A Dawson-Trick-Litzkow electrode was placed on the cornea, and biphasic electric current pulses (10 ms, 20 Hz) were delivered using a stimulator (BPG-1,BAK Electronics) and a stimulus isolation unit (BSI-2). A current that evoked a phosphene that the subject perceived in the whole visual area was delivered continuously for 30 min. Humphrey visual field testing was performed after every third transcorneal electrical stimulation treatment. Changes in mean deviation (MD) values were evaluated with a linear regression model. Transcorneal electrical stimulation was performed 18.2 ± 9.4 times over a period of 49.8 ± 23.0 months. The average pretranscorneal electrical stimulation intraocular pressure, best corrected visual acuity, and MD values were 11.8 ± 1.79 mmHg, 0.14 ± 0.19 (logMAR) and −17.28 ± 6.24 dB, respectively. No significant differences were observed in intraocular pressure before and after transcorneal electrical stimulation. However, there was a significant positive linear relationship between changes in MD values and the number of transcorneal electrical stimulation treatments (R2 = 0.176, P = 0.005, Spearman correlation R =0.294, P = 0.008). Transcorneal electrical stimulation treatment may improve glaucomatous visual field defects in subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma. Large-scale studies are necessary to confirm these preliminary findings.
We recently discovered an unexpected functional collaboration of NEDD4 family ubiquitin E3 ligase, Itch and WWP2 in the negative regulation of type 2 helper T cell differentiation. Here we would like to discuss how these two E3s function in this process.
(Presented at the 1965th Meeting, July 5, 2018)