日本水産工学会誌
Online ISSN : 2189-7131
Print ISSN : 0916-7617
最新号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
  • 高桑 勇太, 山崎 渉, 角田 哲也, 阪倉 良孝
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 155-162
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In larviculture, it is known that mass mortality occurs during larval and juvenile stages. The survival rate of larval fishes is considered to be sensitive to the flow structure in rearing tanks, which is constructed with aeration. In order to reduce the early mortality during the early phase of larviculture, it is necessary to control/understand flow field in rearing tanks. Previously, Shiotani et al. (2005) investigated the flow field in a circular rearing tank by a two dimensional single-phase simulation. However, the simulation results did not agree well with flow visualization results. Then, Sumida et al. (2013) carried out two dimensional two-phase flow simulations for circular rearing tanks, which showed good agreement with the flow visualization results. However, information on the flow field in rectangular tanks is scarce. Therefore, we investigated flow patterns in rectangular tanks by three dimensional twophase bubbly flow simulations. The rectangular tanks with three different aspect ratios AR (ratio of height to half-width of tank) are analyzed in this research. Symmetrical vortex structures are observed at right and left of the tanks at a vertical cross-section in all AR cases. Characteristics of three dimensional flows in the rectangular tanks are clarified in this research which will be beneficial for larviculture.
  • 広瀬 美由紀, 志村 健, 向井 徹
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 163-172
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acoustic measurements between two frequencies (38 kHz, 120 kHz) for estimations of the distribution and abundance of 0+ Japanese jack mackerel, Trachurus japonicus, off the Tottori coast in the Sea of Japan. The vessel Tottori Maru No. 1 collected acoustic data off the coast of Tottori at frequencies of 38 and 120 kHz (KFC3000). Sampling was also conducted using a midwater trawl net and an 80-cm ring net. A sound scattering layer was found to overlay the echo of the Japanese jack mackerel when sampled at 38 kHz, presenting an inherent problem to acoustic studies at this frequency. However, signals from Japanese jack mackerel could be identified on an echogram at 120 kHz. Also, the density of one individual per m3 (n) of Japanese jack mackerel, determined using the trawl net, was positively correlated with the value of the volume backscattering strength( SV) at 120 kHz(Mean SV120 kHz = 10 log n – 58.01( r = 0.68)). Therefore, it is possible to estimate the distribution and abundance of 0+ Japanese jack mackerel more accurately using 120 kHz data.
  • 日田 吉信, 上野 公彦
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 173-184
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    本研究では,波別解析法における個別波について,ゼロアップクロス法とゼロダウンクロス法で生じる波 高頻度分布の違いを検証した。波高頻度分布がRayleigh 確率密度分布になるとき,理論的には平均波高と 有義波高の比は1.579 となるが,本研究でシミュレートした波に対して理論値とかけ離れた値を示すものが あった。そこで,本研究では波高頻度分布がRayleigh 確率密度分布に従うという仮定のもと,適合度検定 を行った。その結果,ゼロアップクロス法で波高頻度分布がRayleigh 確率密度分布に従うにも関わらず, ゼロダウンクロス法では異なる結果が複数確認された。
  • 塩出 大輔, 志賀 未知瑠, 胡 夫祥, 東海 正
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 185-195
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    中立ブイと長浮縄を装着した浮延縄漁具を用いた操業実験をインド洋にて実施した。水深計とGPS ブイ を用いて漁具各部の水深と短縮率を計測し,漁獲されたメバチの枝縄番号を記録した。中立ブイと長浮縄を 装着した漁具では,すべての釣針が150m 以深に設置された。通常鉢での漁獲結果から推定したメバチの水 深別CPUE(100 針あたりの漁獲尾数)は,水深150m 以深で高かった。短縮率を0.8 として求めた同漁具 の水深層別釣針本数とメバチのCPUE から推定したメバチの漁獲尾数は,通常漁具に比べて約30% 増加し た。このシステムは海亀の混獲を低減させつつもマグロ類の漁獲の効率を増加させる可能性がある。
  • 越智 洋介, 山﨑 慎太郎
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 197-201
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Laboratory experiments and field surveys in a set net were conducted by use of the acoustic camera, DIDSON, as a device to observe behaviours of various fish species without an influence on them. As a result of laboratory experiments, it was shown that a frame rate of images taken by DIDSON peaked out when an observation distance was shorter than 5m, while the resolution of subject improved in proportion to a shortening of an observation distance and a frame rate improved in inverse proportion to it when a distance was longer than 5m. This may cause an image deformation of the moving subject at a shorter observation distance because DIDSON draws it by the interlace scan. As a result of observations in the set net under the optimized setting of DIDSON taking above results into consideration, it was possible to discriminate images of bluefin tuna from other species.
  • 赤松 友成, 今泉 智人, 西森 靖, 王 勇, 小河 慎二, 伊藤 雅紀, 松尾 行雄
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 203-207
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Broadband echo sounders are known to provide fine spatial image of each target fish in a dense group. The total number of fish in an acoustic beam can be estimated by counting the number of separated echograms. The target strength of an individual fish and beam attack angle to the fish body provided the body length of each fish. However, counting the total number of fish and body size distribution in a net enclosure or in the wild is difficult mission. Because double counting and missing are unavoidable. Here we propose the acoustic re-capture method to count the number of fish including missed ones in a net enclosure. The mark recapture is well known method for fisheries resource management. An idea is to use Sonar Bell as an individual tag. The Sonar Bell has extremely high target strength comparing with its size. Once it will be introduced in several tuna for example, high spatial resolution sonar will be used to count the number of tagged and intact individuals in the sonar beam remotely. The numbers of tagged and intact fish provide the virtual capture rate, which can be used to calculute the total number of individuals including missed fish. Multiple acoustic recaptures such as every 10 minutes will provide precise estimation of total number of fish in a net enclosure.
  • 髙木 力, 米山 和良, 阿部 悟, 鳥澤 眞介, 竹原 幸生, 山口 武治, 浅海 茂
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 209-213
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    We developed an effective aquaculture production management system that can measure the body length, weight, and number of cultured fishes in a tank or cage in a non-contact manner. A threedimensional measuring system that employs two commercialized video cameras was produced to measure the body size of cultured fish, including their fork length, body height, and width. The distance between the video cameras and target fish was less than five meters to reduce the error ratio. In addition, an automatic counting system for cultured fish in a tank was developed to assist in efficient aquaculture management. Finally, an algorithm for fish counting was based on estimating the mobile vectors of individual fish, in which the particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) analytical method was applied. In some experimental cases, estimated numbers by the system were coincident with actual numbers.
  • 濱野 明, 笹倉 豊喜, 鉛 進, 榊原 昇, 井藤 俊亮, 古寺 建二, 野村 高樹, 渡邉 勝世, 能勢 正貴, 稲井 邦夫, 中村 武 ...
    2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 215-221
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/12/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Over the past decade, the farming of bluefin tuna has played an increasingly important role in the aquaculture of Japan. According to a recent report with respect to tuna farming, there are 160 tuna farms and 1432 cages of bluefin tuna in Japan. For the bluefin tuna farmer in Japan, to determine the number of farmed fish is one of the key issues to monitor the number of fish in addition to feed waste, escapement, behavior, and dead fish. However, there presently exists no reliable method to count the number of bluefin tuna in a cage. The most popular type of counter is currently the underwater stereoscopic camera system which has mainly been used by a diver for counting. However, this kind of counting method is not only labor-intensive, but its accuracy is low in dark or turbid water. The purpose of this study is to develop an accurate counting method for the farmed bluefin tuna using the multitransducer sonar and pinger. This newly developed a multi-transducer sonar system is based on counting the individual fish that has passed through “the sound curtain” consisting of 15 transducers( 460 kHz). In addition, a pinger was used to clarify the behavior and swimming speed of the caged fish. As a result, it was found that all of the fish regularly swim in a concentric circle in the cage space, and the lap time in each lane of 1m from cage center for one round was estimated by a linear regression equation. The number of fish in each lane for one round could be calculated by multiplying this lap time and the number of fish that passed through “the sound curtain” per unit time. The total number of fish could then be calculated by adding up the number of fish in each lane. The accuracy of this method verified by multiple actual tests was 1% or less and 1 fish. It was considered that this approach is effective for counting caged bluefin tuna with the objective of practical use.
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