In this paper, we noticed the joint ownership of rural space by urbanization, and the possibility and problem in the coexistence of farmhousehold and non-farmhousehold were discussed based on the results of research in the Ueda City, Nagano Prefecture. To dissolve the conflicts caused by the difference in the relation to the rural space, it is required to support the non-farmhousehold aged people to join agricultural activity and to encourage the farmhousehold to involve in maintainig the rural space (school child gardens and farming village park, etc). The most important point is to makes of the relation to the rural space multilaterally.
For the promotion of rural-urban interactions, a plenty of recreational facilities have been constructed in rural areas of Japan. Now, the facility improvement stands in need of“systematization”. In each construction project, composite improvement has already come to be the mainstream. However, in order to produce fully the effects of composite improvement, “regional management system ”that performs environmental design and marketing needs to be developed in view of a set of facilities within the region. For the purpose of putting the system into practical form, it is recommended that rural policymakers should examine the introduction of such an innovative park system as Parc Naturel Regional in France.
The author treats the process of exchange creation between rural and urban areas based on the Rice Terrace, analyzing of the following factors, the organization, activities and roles of the domestic rice terrace liaison conference. After development of citizen's voluntary work for support of cultivation for conservation of terraced paddy fields, rice terrace area has been appended to added value and has been made an offer to environmental study for compulsory education.
This study aims to clarify the consciousness in rural area and agriculture of urban inhabitants, interaction between urban and rural area of urban and local inhabitants. Also this study aims to examine the future tasks of interaction. Half of urban inhabitants are concern with agriculture and rural area, and many urban inhabitants have the consciousness that rural areas are the places for leisure and relax on weekends. The local inhabitants have high consciousness to receive the urban inhabitants, to interact each other by participating in activities.
This paper focuses on the evaluation of tourism resources in rural areas viewed by tourists. The sample consisted of guests at mountain lodges“Morino le”, Nagano prefecture. Main findings include; 1) The evaluation patterns of tourism resources were classified into five, and these results correlated with the tourist's dwelling place and the number of visiting times. 2) To enhance the rural-urban exchange projects planning, taking multiple needs of tourists including rural inhabitants into the full account is necessary. 3) It was not expected to get much income from the tourism resources attracted by nature, to which, in turn, the tourists showed high evaluation.
This paper investigates the possibility of farmers' market (FM) as a step for activating mutual association between urban and rural societies. Many farmers and consumers are gathering at FM, and they are exchanging not only farm products but also information about products or communities. In addition, FM has a flexible system on organization and marketing. It enables diversified farmers to participate in FM activity easily. Those characteristics of FM could contribute to boost mutual and continuous exchanges among people and to promote their self-organizing processes. Therefore, FM activity has a potential for developing fruitful urban-rural association.
It verified two points of the function of an agricultural-products outlet, (1) job creation function and (2) agricultural management support function. The former analyzed statistically from the result of The 1995 Agricultural Census that installation of an outlet created employment. The latter showed clearly through case analysis that an outlet supported management of a full-time farmers group.
The purpose of this paper was to consider how to revitalize urban and rural interactions by using of Internet. We researched on web sites to get the trend of Internet informations originated in rural site, and we also conducted the case surveys from two points of views that were public views and business views. The cases were a rural planning group and a farm, The followings were observed: Internet would help to develop to organize a regional online community and interaction between urban and rural residents. Though there were serious issues remained; such as what types informations were needed by the urban residents were not thoroughly under stood by the rural residents.