The purpose of this article is to examine the cotton industry in Vladimir Province before Emancipation of serfs in Russia (1860), from the viewpoint of print and distribution. In order to accomplish this purpose, I utilize the Vladimir Province newspaper
as a main material, which was published from 1838 to 1917, but confine the perusal of the material to the period from 1838 to 1860.
Europe imported various commodities from Asia through East India Companies after 17th
century. At that time, a cotton fabric (chintz) was one of important commodities from Asia. As the amount of European import of Asian chintz increased, Europe suffered from trade deficit and banned the import of chintz to reduce the deficit. After that, Europe realized the production of chintz by industrialization. From the viewpoint of a long term, we consider that the industrialization of European countries enabled import substitution of Asian commodities. This hypothesis would apply for the history of trade between Russia and Central Asia.
Vladimir Province imported chintz from Central Asia after 16th
century and first produced chintz in 18th
century, based on the printing skills from Central Asia. After England exported cotton products to Russia at the end of 18th
century, Vladimir Province introduced technology from Europe and developed modern cotton industry in 19th
century. When we see the process of development in a middle term (100 years), we recognize that because Vladimir province learned European experiences, she accomplished the industrialization. But, we can also conclude that the industrialization of Vladimir Province was the process of import substitution of chintz from Central Asia, from the viewpoint of a long term (300 years). This is similar to the experiences of Europe.