Social and Economic Systems Studies: The Journal of the Japan Association for Social and Economic Systems Studies
Online ISSN : 2432-6550
Print ISSN : 0913-5472
Volume 12
Showing 1-25 articles out of 25 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Index
    1993 Volume 12 Pages Toc1-
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Hiroomi Kawano, Naoyoshi Koojiro, Masahiko Inoue
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 1-12
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    According to a survery, many people hope to die at home. Since three years ago, we have been trying to establish a system network for home care services. To make this project realized, we need more support from citizens and the public administration and their participation as well. In fact we have had six forums so far in order to introduce the project to anyone who was interested in it. The main purpose of this forum is to inform the public of the concept of the network system and give examples of cases where patients have died in their home with peace and dignity. I am going to speak about the progress of our developments here.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 13-
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Hiroshi DEGUCHI
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 14-20
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    In this paper we use the concept of network as an broad sense.We at first distinguish two different concepts of network such as soft network and hard network. The former includes the traditional concept of weak tie among actors which is used in the social science.The later include the traditional concept of network on which a certain service is provided. In this paper we discuss the strong relation between these different concepts of networks.For the purpose we show the examples of social and organizational networking and show the relation in the second section. We also extend the concept of hard network to more general concept of a common platform and services on it. In the last section we discuss the strong impact of the change of infrastructure for information networking to the social networking. We focus on the change of life world and networking of knowledge.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 21-
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Ryo ONO
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 22-30
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Where are capitalism and socialism going to? The essential points to answer this question are 1)the attainment of both liberty and equality, 2)the consideration of fundamentals of exchange and the market, and 3)the realization of a libertarian-egalitarian property system and democratic economic organization.The main points of my argument are as follows; 1.The market is just a place of exchange, not the Walrasian market mechanism of equilibrium.Exchange in the market place has existed throughout our history.So the future economic system will have to be based on the market exchange economy. 2.While the category of capitalism is a particular historical one, the category of the market exchange system is a universal one.In the capitalistic private property system, the corporations as juridical persons are the only holders of the properties, therefore most of the workers don't have the right to enter the market autonomously. 3.But capitalism is already transforming into another economic system, where most working people will become independent and individual entrepreneurs, that is a "non-capitalistic market economy system".That new system will be founded on a new property system which I call "social-individual ownership"in place of "private ownership".This idea may be similar to the concept of "the re-establishment of individual property"in Marx's Capital. 4.In this new system, most social properties will be administered by various social bodies which will never hold a controlling power over the people.Since, the corporations will consist of the collaborative unions or networks of individual entrepreneurs.Every entrepreneur in the expanding market will be able to have the right of access to use and manage all of the social properties.In my view only through replacing capitalism and socialism witn this system can we achieve both economic liberty and equality.
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  • Teruya NAGAO
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 31-32
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    I express our motivation, borrowing the terminology of Jacques Derrida.The doctrine from which I wish to differ, is that of"individualistic"social norms in the market economy.I argue that one of the ways to achieve this goal is to elaborate the scheme to attain a sufficient degree of formalization and axiomatization.
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  • Muneo AZEGAMI
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 33-37
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    For facilitation of sustainable development, it is emphasised to adopt the practices outlined in the article "Lifecycle of scientific techonology"- ref.No.9 of this publication - in combination with the "Practice on Historical Metabolism"- ref. No.11 of this publication. From which is shown that today's scientific technology is at an ending stage and the inevitalbe consequence of social systemization of the technology is examined through the sustainable development"SD"method. The author proposes the practices in developing an International Network System for SD approach through practical study of the social systemization of scientific technology from the side of problem caused in actual waste management.
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  • Naonori TSUDA
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 38-43
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Cooperatives are known to have a democratic organizational structure often characterized by a one-person-one vote system in the general assembly.However, cooperatives face many obstacles in their development and efforts to raise efficiency in the environment of capitalistic economies.These obstacles include problems of risk taking of capital and labor, capital financing, present members'attitudes toward new members and so on. On the whole, these elements constitute the basic character of the trade offs that arise when efficiency is sought in democratic systems. The Mondragon Cooperatives in Spain succeeded in shifting the relationship between democratic and efficiency trade offs into a new area of long term development.Consisting of approximately 150 cooperatives and 20000 members, the Mondragon cooperatives invented an ideal organizational system which contains several interesting institutions such as 'capital accounts' for members. The Mondragon cooperatives organizational system satisfies the necessary efficiency and democratic conditions of an optimal cooperative.
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  • Kozo UKAI
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 44-49
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    "Network"was a magic word for social scientists in the 1980's in Japan. In terms of the topic of network, economists argued about the innovation of the relationship between information and industrial organizations, while sociologists discussed the decline of formal organizations which had flourished in the modern era. However, "networking"can be considered a practical strategy to create effective communication in post-modern-oriented social movements. Here, 310 cases of network-type social movements reported in Japanese magazines from 1968 to 1988 were sampled and the time and places of their emergence as well as the objects and strategy of their organization were analyzed. It was found that "networking"movements that had blossomed in the mid-80's were innovative not only in their organizing styles but also in the methods of communication conducted within them. Movements exploded around the country in the 70's, protesting against environmenal problems. They generated community-type networks based upon neighborhood solidarity.But in the 80's, these networks became concentrated in urban areas with the emergence of the information society, and social movements became loosely organized and oriented to single issues. At the same time, "networking"connected these association-type networks and transformed them into a new movement by giving them a new context in communication.
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  • Yoshihiro NAKATA
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 50-54
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    The interorganizatinal network in Japanese Firms is characterized by long-term and fixed transactions which is the institutional arrangements. The reason is that many firms in Japan make relationship-specific investments because they place higher priorities on the downstream stage in the product developments, which increase productivites of developments, but restricts market chances. This investments are sunk. Implicit contracts such as business practices are used to arrange flexible relations of transactions. These excessive long-term transactions do not always have competitive advantages in the maturity.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 55-
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Yuichi KISHIMOTO
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 56-61
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    In this study, restructuring agricultual marketing systems in Japan is to be discussed for further development of agricultural related industries including not only agriculture and food processing industry but also wholesaling, retailing, agricultural logistics and agricultural service industry.Through a historical view, inquiries in agricultural marketing of Japan have been learning from those of the United States since 1950's.Despite broad scope of those studies in the United States, agricultural marketing systems might be regarded narrowly just as those of fresh products.In another words, at most, inculuding processed food marketing, food marketing systems have been objects in questions. Involving the socio-economic megatrends, i.e., globalisation, enviromental sustainability and information networking, a new extended concept of agricultural marketing systems should be proposed so as to rearrange agricultural related industrial organisation and provide a revised analytical framework for agricultural economics.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 61-62
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Takashi NODA
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 63-68
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    A great deal of effort has been made on the dissemination of the disaster warning to inhabitants. The following are a few notable examples: the route that does not distort information should be used; the media by which people can hear the warning correctly should be allocated; and then, many people can receive the understandable messages. Added to these, we must draw attention to the point whether a decision-maker obtains information needed. It is the result of the observation, however, that three different decision units in the disaster warning system are only connected mechanically. Even whichever unit has not acquired the core information for a judgement therefore. Instead, the information needed for a decision is collected by utilizing a neighborhood network.Besides this, some temporal networks appear in the disaster processes to solve a problem confronted, to mobilize resources, and to coordinate among organizations. Those can be regarded as the function that supplements the damages of the existing system.
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  • Toru TSUDA
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 69-74
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Social information networks are effective means to solve many kinds of problems of global scale such as environmental destruction, increasing population, technical assistance to developing countries. From the viewpoint of human resources and finances, it is indispensable for profit making corporations to support development of social information networks for global non profit social problem solving use, not for profit making use. In order to encourage profit making corporations for their participation in non profit projects, an index evaluating contribution to non profit social projects is proposed.Moreover, some important factors as follows needed in development of social information networks based on cooperation with many profit making corporations, are pointed out.The index is given by the ratio of non profit social contribution cost to the absolute value of to tal enterprise cost (complex number) which consists of business cost (real part) and non profit social contribution cost(imaginary part). Architecture of an intelligent network including information bases based on CCITT Recomendations which are international standards, is suitable for social information networks. And a distributed type network is suitable for use by many countries and development by many profit making corporations. Informations stored in information bases are separated into two levels of basic informations and intelligent informations of higher level than basic informations. Intelligent informations are specified in each social project and useful directly for execution of each project. A conceptual configuration of the social information network satisfied with above important factors is proposed.And also computer aided standardization for rapid standard making is proposed in order to solve a today's probrem that too much time to make standards of future advanced networks is needed.
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  • Sakae OKUDA
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 75-80
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    A socio-economical system involves two factors, information systems and physico-casual systems. Most arguments concerning information societies neglect, whether on purpose or by accident, an important role of the latter. In information societies, information has a strong tendency to reproduce itself. Information systems encourage this tendency; physico-causal systems, on the other hand, suppress it. This effect of physico-casual systems reveals itself as a lowering of energy efficiency. Energy efficiency of iron industries has fallen since 1986. This period coincides with the period an order from car industries drastically increased.Originally, iron industries are suited for mass production of a few kinds of iron. In the above mentioned period, however, iron industries were required to cope with a so-called just-in-time production system in car industres.In consequence, iron industries had to produce a great variety of irons against their original aim.This is a good example which illustrates the role of physico-casual systems in information society.
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  • Keizo NAGAHARA
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 81-85
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    This paper examines some of the phases of interrelative "correspondence"in music, in order to investigate music as an existential phenomenon, from the viewpoint that music suggests the "present"position of human beings. This theme involves two aspects: 1.musics of differing natives in temporal and spatial terms encounter and interact with each other;and 2.the composer-composition-performer(=interpreter)-audience relationship generates itself kinetically.It is important to note that these two aspscts can be observed simultaneously in every performance or interpretation.For this reason, the concept of "interface"within phases of "correspondence"may be of some relevance in understanding this phenomenon.Suggestive examples can be seen in discussion of the vocal works of SHIBATA Minao, one Japan's leading contemporary composer.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 85-86
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 87-
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 87-89
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 89-91
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 91-93
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 93-95
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Article
    1993 Volume 12 Pages 95-106
    Published: December 25, 1993
    Released: July 28, 2017
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