The retail price of domestic wakame in Japan reached its highest ratio to the price of the imported wakame brand with the largest market share. Imported wakame, mostly processed “cut-wakame”, meets Japanese culinary requirements, but the domestic wakame retains a high price. If it didn’t, the main Japanese villages that produce it might experience difficulties.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the competitive power that maintains the high retail price of domestic wakame. The results of a sensory evaluation, questionnaires for consumers and volume sellers, and merchandise analysis showed that a Japanese brand name is the most important factor maintaining the strong competition of the domestic wakame. Consumers have bought domestic wakame for a long time and are familiar with it. This history gives domestic wakame brand equity and competitive power.
Japan is the largest seafood traffic country of China. The fishery production of China is about 37% of total world fishery production. However, China is also facing the serious problems such as the environment pollution and overfishing. We can deduce that China’s fishery production will reduce its developing speed in the future. On the other hand, the domestic seafood consumption in China increases greatly both in urban areas and in the rural areas.
In this paper, we will studies the effects of China’s supply-demand trend on seafood international traffic by discussing the seafood traffic relationship between Japan and China according to statistic data and case studies.
Small-scale coastal whaling activities have operated in the Japanese cities of Taiji-cho (Wakayama prefecture) and Nago city (Okinawa prefecture). The meat of pilot whales and dolphins caught in these fisheries has separate markets. Pilot whale meat is sent to the Fukuoka municipal wholesale market, while dolphin meat is sent to Shimonoseki local wholesale market. The primary purpose of this study was to identify the structure of the drive and hand harpoon fisheries in Taiji, as well as the associated production and distribution systems of pilot whale and dolphin meat. Secondary aims were to examine why fresh meat from this fishery is sold in these two markets, as well as to analyze the factors and processes influencing the development of markets dealing in whale meat.
The purpose of this paper is to understand from the standpoint of the school lunch system the changes in the procurement method of fishery products used for school lunches together with the social environments surrounding the eating habits of school children.
The school lunch program is classified into three types from both aspects of the preparation system and material procurement methods: a) independent system of each school, b) school lunch center system and c) group bulk buying system. In the independent system a school’s own dietitian and the fishmonger (the supplier of fishery products) are acquainted with each other and deal, procure fishery products based on mutual expertise and acknowledgment. In system type b) as they prepare lunch for several schools en masse, the demand of fishery products is higher than that of the type a) system and the competitive bidding system is adopted for cost reduction in the purchasing process. The type c) system is in widespread use in the larger cities. Lumping together the lunch demand in the city to grow in volume, creates greater competition and cost reduction in the procurement process thus making food distribution more efficient. In Yokohama City, in order to procure safe fishery products at a reasonable rate, a supply chain has been established centering on the Yokohama School Lunch Association and involving both suppliers and processors. In the type c) system, suppliers of fishery products are required to conform to the proper standards and to try to maintain inexpensive prices.
The purpose of this thesis is to clarify present conditions and problems, relationships of fishermen and an administrative organ, for the extensive resource management and uses of marine capture fisheries.
It is from this point of view that I shall consider; the characteristics of the organization and the continuance factors, the relationships of fishermen and administrative organ to manage a comprehensive use of fishing grounds.
The conclusion of this thesis found that four factors are absolutely necessary in order to keep a sustainable pace of development and extensive resource management in marine capture fisheries, i.e; 1) appeal to the necessity on extensive resource management and uses for fishermen, 2) the improvement of resource management awareness through learning by experience, 3) support of the dministrative organ for young male activity and the systematization on the resource management of marine capture fisheries, 4) the training a young male to be the leader of organization.
In recent years, participatory approach has been adopted in the field of development assistance. However, very few researchers have analyzed the activity of various development workers engaged in the rural development. It is important to focus on how the development workers act as outsiders to influence direction of community development, and what role they play on the development of sustainable coastal resource management.
This paper focused on two cases involving coastal resource management in Panay Island, the Philippines. The authors analyzed in depth the roles of outsiders. The first case was BBRMCI (Banate Bay Resource Management Councils, Inc.) which is the united organization of four local governments. The second was a NGO-based project on resource management conducted by PROCESS. The four roles of these outsiders were as follows. The first role was the one that they assisted local people to learn, but they themselves learned together with the people. The second role was to connect social setting which surrounded with the people. Thirdly, the outsiders should be the partners who supported local people from the side. Lastly, they facilitate rural development.
There were still many problems left behind even though BBRMCI and PROCESS improved the situation of coastal resources and developed institutional framework of management. Almost all activities of resource management conducted by BBRMCI had not implemented according to people’s own initiative, but in the top-down approach to local people. There was much difference as regards recognition about necessity of coastal resource management among people. On the other hand, the activities of PROCESS were regarded as facilitators and partners, although it had limit over available funds and personnel. In order to make further development of BBRMCI and PROCESS, closer connection and collaboration between local governments and NGOs were indispensable. The outsiders need to discern what problem people face with. They require to support people to involve in community development and resource management according to their own will and initiatives.
The authors performed the questionnaire to the fishermen and their connections in Wajima city, Ishikawa, Japan where was attacked by The Noto Hanto Earthquake in 2007, to understand the relationships between their evacuation behavior from the tsunami and their experiences and knowledge of the earthquake. The following two results were shown. The first, the ratio of fishermen who was able to be associated the earthquake with the Tsunami, and evacuated to the refuge was higher than those of the ordinary people, because the fishermen are rich in experiences and knowledge of the sea. This result indicates that the fishermen have the possibility to be the protagonist to enhance the regional potential of disaster reduction. On the other hand, the second, the many of fisherman has wrong “commonsense” means “the Tsunami comes after the ebb”. This shows that the adequate education for disaster mitigation is quite necessary even for the seasoned people.
The first objective of the study is to identify the loss and damage of fishers by tsunami devastation. The second objective is to clarify the outcome of relief programs, contributed to the rehabilitation of fishing community. The last objective is to view the implication of the relief programs facilitating fishers’ participation in the development of local government body. In December, 2004, tsunami severely affected Phang-nga province. The big waves wrecked fishing assets such stationary fishing gears, fish cage and boats. The Department of Fisheries (DOF), Thailand, had the objective to emphasize the development of responsible fishing in the relief policy. In practicing an increase of responsible fishing gear, the DOF planned control the number of shallow water set nets. It provided gill net fishing gears to affected fishers. Fishing operation was strongly supported to draw a sustainable use of coastal resource and appropriate management.
This paper is related with the life history of the fisherman who joined the coastal skipjack pole and line fishing boat as a senior crew. The life history is restricted to the problem about the boarding history about fisherman made applicable to investigation.
The investigation ground is Kure, Nakatosa-Town Kochi Pref. Kure was once known as a base of coastal skipjack pole and line fishing boat, an the fishing boat group was famous as a “Kure fleet”. An investigator is a fisherman who lives in the Kure. He was born to the family which manages a skipjack pole and line fishing boat. And boarding the fishing boat of its own family after the graduation from a fisheries high school was continued as a senior crew. The method of investigation was based on analysis of the listening comprehension from an investigator, and his mariners pocket ledger.
First, although the investigators parents made the investigator go on to a high school, going to a high school from a fishermans house was rare those days. Here, it was the intention which trains its child as a senior crew of a self-ship. On the other hand, although an investigator means coming out of going to a high school to a foothold from local, he can grasp the move intention in character with fishermen from there.
Next, the point that the fishing boat the investigator was on board occupied senior crew including a captain and a chief fisherman by his brother and close relatives became clear. They call such a management form a family ship (Kazoku-Sen). By family ship, sense of security peculiar to close relatives is among crew. There is also a lack in the reserve peculiar to close relatives on the other hand. However, human relations peculiar to such close relatives do not invade an inboard class and order.
The third point is related with the cultivation of a senior crew in a family ship. The investigator received required training from the chief fisherman of the predecessor who is the following elder brother, when oneself was promoted to a chief fisherman from a captain. He guided simultaneously the captain of the new appointment which is a cousin. Thus, it turned out that it succeeds while crew sail the function according to the job.
This study, based on interview surveys in the town of Akkeshi, Hokkaido, examines to what extent a local government can do to conserve the coastal zone environment with their environmental policy.
The town of Akkeshi is located on the Pacific rim of Hokkaido, the northern-most island of Japan. Since their major industries are dairy farming and coastal fishery, the town has been keen to conserve the water environment to make a balance between the both industries.
Their environmental policies evolved from the direct water pollution control in the 1970s–80s, via the indirect measures by preserving the forest in the 1990s, to the current precautious approach including the environmental management system. Although their approach has shifted to involve more citizens, they still seem to be on the way of constructing a democratic process that involves a wide range of stakeholders in planning and implementation processes. Their drawbacks are that the town budget has been reduced by the national government through a recent finance reform, as well as that their jurisdiction is limited to the inland side of the coastal zone.
In order to enhance the capacity building that is necessary to bring more concerted efforts by the whole town, it is suggested that they, in cooperation with citizens, construct an environmental data base system that enables all the stakeholders share the understandings on the costal environment that serves as the basis of consensus-building.