Hokkai shrimp (Pandalus latristris) is a regionally valued aquatic resource in Hokkaido, Japan. Shrimp trap fishing in the town of Akkeshi decided a year moratorium in 2007 and its fishing regulation was tightened thereafter. Since 2008, their totally allowed catch efforts have been greatly reduced, but their yields and values have increased. This article discusses an approach of Area Capability Cycle model, which aims to capture the mutuality between resource development and conservation, using the the successful endogenous turnover of Akkeshi shrimp fishery as a test study. The acceptance of scientific knowledge among shrimp fishers, cultural alignment, the network construction, and the avoidance of shame will be analyzed as key factors.
In Okinawa-prefecture, 2 fisheries co-operative associations at Kunigami-village and Yomitan-village, manage a set net fishery. And they started managing their restaurants. As a match to sixth industrialization, author analyzed two cases, the background and present state for an establishment of restaurants. By comparatively analyzing plural examples, author makes future issues obvious.
They use fish caught by a set net fishery as principal food materials, they attach an added value for fish. A set net fishery catch various fish, and a fishing field is near from a harbor, marine products keep high freshness. In a restaurant, they effectively can use small quantity of fish species also as food materials. Regional employments also expand, and a regional economic influential effect also expands.
In this research, we clarified what is appealing point in export expansion of farmed fish by questionnaire of international student. As a result, it was found that it’s necessary to emphasize “safety” and to improve the image for farmed fish in China. And it was suggested that appealing fish functionality to Indonesia and the Philippines was effective as sales tactics. And, from the logistic regression analysis, it was found that there was no intergenerational difference in consumption of fishery products and the positioning of fish as food ingredients was not low, but depending on the area, it was found that the value of Japanese farmed fish may not be properly evaluated. Therefore, it was suggested that promotion according to target consciousness became important.
Problems have arisen not only between Japan and China but also between Japan and Taiwan over the Senkaku Islands. They affect fishing operations greatly and cause damage to Japanese fisher in the management of tuna trawling and pole-and-line snapper fishing. In this context, this research summarized the results of the “Research on materials on the Senkaku Islands” commissioned by the “Office of Policy Planning and Coordination on Territory and Sovereignty” of the Cabinet Office with an aim to clarify the historical evidence of the utilization of and operations of the fishing grounds around the Senkaku Islands by Japanese fishing boats for about ten years after the end of World War II. The results of the analysis are as follows.
Japanese fishing boats were operating in the fishing grounds around the Senkaku Islands immediately after the expansion of the MacArthur Line. In particular, materials that were based on the fishing in the fishing grounds provided evidence to show fishing operations that can be described as “Fishing operations in the waters around the Senkaku Islands” instead of merely “Fishing operations in the waters of the Senkaku Islands”. At the same time, it is clear that the Kagoshima Prefectural Marine Experimental Center positioned the Senkaku Islands as the survey target and carried out survey activities quite energetically.
This article analyzes the understanding of fishery rules in coastal communities. There are several institutional rules that exist in these communities, and the understanding of these rules is important in utilizing and managing common resources. Fishery resources continue to decline because of the increase in global population and the high demand for resources both locally and internationally. There is an urgent need to analyze and understand the rules that affect human activities in coastal environments.
This article analyzes the number of rules that individuals are aware of and the preferences of different communities that follow certain rules while utilizing resources. It also investigates individual perceptions of other members of the community regarding whether they are following existing rules. Lastly, this article describes the reasons individuals follow certain rules in the community.
The result of this research reveals that communities understand few rules. There are also differences in preferences for which rules are implemented by the different institutions in the community. Furthermore, this research brings to light contemporary evidence for understanding fishery rules regarding utilizing common resources.
The problem with a top-down approach is that it is difficult for an institution to transform the rules followed by the community. The fast-moving institutions that represent the government and other involved stakeholders need to work effectively with the slow-moving institution, which is the villages’ need to adjust, for the benefit of resource management. There is a need for more effort from both institutions to co-manage and work effectively. It is very important to understand that new rules are also important so that communities can adapt to the current situation. This article gives an overview of a developing country’s situation and the drawbacks of adapting to new rules in communities.
In this study, the author try to grasp the trend by generations on utilization of Seaweed and Fish Sauce in Noto Region. Seaweeds are accepted and consumed continuously by many regional peoples, with good image and estimation. But the consumption frequency and the using kinds on younger generation are lower revel, compared with those trends on older generation. On fish sauce, the consumption frequency and the reserving stock are very little in all generations. Especially, most of younger peoples are not using and not reserving stock fish sauce. Background of trends are considered that to have nothing the use habit or the eating chance and to be given negative image.