Since fishers over 65 years old occupies 36.9% of total fishers in 2016, the existence of aged fishers is a prerequisite of fishery industry. Therefore, we interviewed 48 aged fishers and retirees of around 80 years old and derived a conclusion as to what kind of social infrastructure was needed for aged fishers to happily continue fishery. Although the reason for the decision of retirement varies, there are solutions. For example, if one-man operation seems dangerous, two fishers can operate together. If fishing device is out of order, the fisher can become a crew of other vessel. If the fisher decides to stop fishing operation but is willing to continue working, he/she can work at landing site. Because there is no institution that functions to find potential demand of each fisher and search and negotiate for matching, some retirees regret his/her retirement while some fishers cannot retire until substituting crew is found. In order to utilize aged fishers, there is an idea of establishing a “company of the coast” that functions as a social infrastructure where information of local fishery labor force is shared. However, we could not find any precedent example in the form of company nor fishery cooperative. We therefore suggest starting with the acceleration of information delivery utilizing IT technologies.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the distribution morphology and the contribution of aged fishers in the fishing village of Japan. The reason is because fishing villages in Japan has problems with the aging and decreasing population. This paper is to clarify the subject of the following two points in order to achieve the purpose. The first subject is to clarify difficulty of maintaining fishery productivity only by the succession in the household of the fisherman’s house by fishery census of Japan. The second subject is to consider the contribution of aged fishers in the third party succession to the new entry of non-fishermen based on a case study of the fishing village in Mie prefecture.
South Korea’s fishing industry is faced with multiple problems, such as a rapid decline in the population of fishermen, an aging population of fishermen, and a lack of successors to take their place. As a result, the income of fishermen will decrease and the demand for healthcare will continuously increase due to these changes in domestic and foreign environments. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the status of aging fishermen and develop the appropriate policies. Poverty among female fishermen is also concerning because the percentage of women receiving a pension is lower than that of men. In addition, a direct payment system to support aging fishermen is needed since there is a large income gap depending on the type of fishery.
In the fishery area all over Japan, the reduction of the number of fishers and the aging of the fishery labor force are becoming serious problems. In this paper, we pay attention to the long-term plan of the fishing ports on the central government level and discuss the concrete method for to re-making then toward user-friendly port for aged fishermen. Specifically, we examine the possibility of effective utilization of fishing port stock and relocation of fishing port function.
Aquaculture in Southeast Asia has widely extended Good Aquaculture Practice (GAP) and any other similar global standards for food safety and environmental conservation. Government of Thailand has made much eﬀort to establish a workable framework of GAP system in shrimp aquaculture in collaboration with private sectors. Modules of GAP consist of food safety, animal welfare, environmental conservation and social contribution, based on traceability. Together with the rapid expansion of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) adopted in processing plants, food chain approach in Thai shrimp industries has been achieved. This paper purposes to analyze the development process of GAP in coastal shrimp farming, and to identify how government supports to extend GAP over small-scale shrimp farming through a case study. This paper lastly discusses how process conformity is achieved in coastal shrimp farming.