In this study, I will clarify how the FCA women’s group solved its and the fisheries problems with a sustainable administration system, which I will also model due to the potential benefits available. To investigate, I will interview the FCA women’s group leader and the FCA leader in Ehime Prefecture’s-south region. Principally, a change of four factors: “management main body”, “participation method”, “administration method” and “administration unit” was necessary to sustain the administration system and the independency of the members. Specifically, “woman group main constituent”, “discretional participation”, “total member participation” and “small units organized by activity”. Furthermore, to enhance the group, “the FCA”, “the administration”, “companies and schools” and “social evaluation” was necessary.
Echizen-Gani is the brand name of snowcrabs caught in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. This paper analyzes the customer satisfaction of the brand of Echizen-Gani. They evaluate their taste highly, their quality better than other snowcrabs, and their origin is guaranteed. Their values to consume 1) tasty foods, 2) seasonal foods, 3) local specialty, 4) highest quality food, and 5) occasional luxury foods are filled satisfactorily by Echizen-Gani. Values of 1), 2) and 3) are filled by most seafood, but values of 4) and 5) are not necessary. Internet made consumers’ search costs lower and parcel services brought continence, but communication between sellers and consumers are most important. Echizen-town as a production area, is expected to get and maintain repeat consumers.
In order to understand Norwegian fisheries and its management policies, this paper examined various data regarding fishing operations of large-scale purse-seiners and the first-hand price of Atlantic mackerel under Individual Vessel Quota (IVQ) system. In every autumn, the vessels intensively harvested for mackerel schools migrating to Norwegian water, fully consuming their IVQs about two months. During the landings, its price was sustained by Norway’s unique legislations to limit first-hand sales to fishermen’s sales organization and to set minimum prices. These facts reveal that the vessels were not operating as general Individual Quota system conceptually assumes. Their high profitability seems to be realized to considerable extent by the reduced number and modernization of fishing vessels, as well as increased global fish prices particularly after 1990s.
Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the territorial government of Hawai'i demanded that the federal government fund extensive fisheries researches of Hawaiian waters. The Department of Commerce and the Department of the Interior collaborated with the territorial government. These sectors aimed to increase the local food supply and stocks in case of a national emergency. The U. S. military and President F. D. Roosevelt, however, turned down these requests, and banned Japanese fishing operations during the Pacific War. After the war, the territorial government successfully lobbied for the bill to facilitate the study of Pacific fisheries in order to establish its hegemony over fishing grounds and markets of the central Pacific, which had been dominated by Japan.
The Norwegian aquaculture industry started later than Japanese one, but is now moving ahead of the rest of the world as a top runner. It is necessary to broadly discuss why Japan has fallen behind Norway in aquaculture from various perspectives. Of course, this discussion is undertaken not merely to criticize the Japanese aquaculture industry, but because it is an inescapable task for determining what direction this industry should develop in the future.
In order to approach this task, this consideration focused on the conscious structure, behavioral principles and behavioral pattern of aquaculture industry operators from broader aspects of human and social science, rather than exclusively economics. In other words, it is based on the question that enough inquiry might not have been made into the consciousness and behavioral principles of the aquaculture industry operators and whether they did not sensitively respond to the changing global economic situation.
It is desirable to discuss the substratum of the Japanese aquaculture business by applying Japanese behavioral principles, behavioral patterns as well as characteristics of thinking comparable to those of the Japanese aquaculture industry operators. This will culminate in a discussion of how it should be in the future.
Civil conflict had lasted from 1983 to 2009 between Sinhalese and Tamil in Sri Lanka. Tsunami caused by earthquake occurred off Sumatra Island in 2004 killed more than 30,000 people along the coast in the country. Mullaitivu District in the Northern Region is a small district with 100,000 populations, nevertheless 3,000 people were killed by the Tsunami, moreover the district was devastated by a fierce battle at final stage of the civil conflict. Role of fisheries hasn’t been diminished for the people suffered from Tsunami and civil conflict in the district, still now. This paper reports the present status of fisheries conducted by people in Mullaitivu district and discloses issues and necessary measures taken for the prawn fishery.
The required measures to assure sustainability of the prawn fishery are discussed in terms of 1) maintenance and rehabilitation of lagoon eco-system, 2) positive propagation of stock, 3) input management of fishing effort, 4) output management of prawn catch, 5) improvement of household management structure, 6) improvement of prawn processing and distribution, 7) equipment of human/organization system, and 8) enhancement of scientific technology.