Unpredictable disasters have brought impacts on coastal areas like Krueng Raya Bay. The present objectives are to assess asset damage and loss, and to determine fisheries livelihood options and changing livelihood patterns in affected fishing communities. Questionnaires, interview, and focus group discussion were used to obtain data in 2012. Loss of tangible assets of capture fisheries was USD 2.7 million. Intangible assets of social capital could not be measured; however, relationship, interaction and network pattern of fishing communities were changed. Fish production volume and value dramatically decreased, followed by an increase of operational and asset production cost. These factors influenced changes in fisheries livelihood. Asian tsunami caused the change of social capital pattern of fishing communities, and threatened sustainable livelihood.
Boundaries are defined as the first stage in the development of successful management systems for common property resources. It is important to manage fishing boundaries, as they contain wide varieties of ecosystems and species (including trans-boundary species) with different types of fishing activities. In fisheries management there has been less attention and information on fishermen knowledge in understanding their fishing boundaries. This article examines Fiji’s 410 customary fishing boundaries and its understanding and the reasons for strengthening fisheries management. The aim of this article is to address the importance of understanding nearshore fisheries’ boundaries, and the conflicts that arises within boundaries. This through the understanding of rightful ownership of resources, the knowledge of fishing boundaries, making decision about fishing boundaries and conflicts within fishing boundaries. Many claims and issues arise from the use of fishing boundaries that are managed by different kinship groups and other stakeholders. This study examines the understanding of fishing boundaries through two case studies. The two case studies are from the two main islands in Fiji imply that users lack understanding and knowledge of fishing boundaries in relation to resources. The study further clarifies that community understanding and knowledge of fishing boundaries is important for effective resource management. Successful fisheries management is impossible to achieve unless fishermen understands their fishing boundaries. Analysis of boundaries is important in order to understand the impact of resource utilization of a boundary compared to others.
Japanese government has a political target for increasing exports of fish and fishery product. But, the exports had decreased after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 201l.
I mainly analyzed the changes in Japan’s fish and fishery product exports from 2010 to 2012. Many countries took restricted measures for fish and fishery product from Japan after the accident. But, the factor in the decrease in Japan’s fish and fishery product exports was not only restricted measures taken by foreign countries but also the decline in ability to supply fish and fishery product in Japan.
Japan’s fish and fishery product exports has been recovering for the present. For stable growth in fish and fishery product exports, it is important to keep safety of domestic fish and fishery product, to negotiate foreign countries to lessen restricted measures for fish and fishery product from Japan, and to maintain the ability to supply enough domestic fish and fishery product.