Nagasaki prefecture is one of the top producing areas of boiled-dried fish (niboshi) in Japan. This processing industry and purse seine fishery which supplies material contribute to the rural economy. This paper examines the system sustained niboshi industry from the view points of both of production and cooperative marketing (kyouhan).
High niboshi production has been caused by a stable catch of anchovy as material by purse seine fishery, investment and technical improvement both in fishery and processing, and a trust system in processing. The trust system in processing involving mean of a share of sale between the fishery and the factory functions for high productivity, higher-quality products, and cost reduction. The mass production type and the high quality type of management are formed according to the quality and volume of material.
Niboshi marketing in Nagasaki prefecture heavy depends on kyouhan which is managed by the prefectural federation of fisheries cooperatives. This cooperative marketing compensates for the disadvantage of a location and for small producers with a weak marketability. The kyouhan system draws many buyers resulting in high price formation, sets certain charge payment, and stimulates nationwide sales and the trust system in processing.
The purpose of this study is to make roles of whaling clear in the Faroe Islands. In the Faroe Islands pilot whale driving has been carried out continuously as self-sufficing whaling. Some traits of the whaling in the Faroe Islands are, 1)administered by the nation, 2)passive based on undecided arrivals of whales, 3)performed by traditional gears and skills, 4)distributed equally among the islanders.
As to the amounts of the distribution, that is dominated a size of schools and populations. When a school is big enough, a distribution to the residents carry out, and when it is not big enough, government gives whales to the weak.
Whaling in the Faroe Islands is playing roles to place the islanders into the nation, the nature, and tradition.
This paper discusses small-scale fishermen’s first step of empowerment toward collaborative management (co-management) of coastal resources. Penang Inshore Fishermen’s Association or PIFWA, the first small-scale fishermen’s voluntary group in Malaysia, has developed its activities since the late 1980s by striving against coastal issues brought about by trawlers, polluters, and coastal developers. These issues have been elicited due to lack of enforcement of regulations. PIFWA’s voluntary attempts to conserve the coastal resources by their own endeavors have been highly valued by the local and international societies. Supposing collaborative management is the goal of their activities, it is desired that they enhance the link with governmental agencies and start conversation with other stakeholders such as trawlers in order to develop collaborative relationship with them. Developing a business around fishery is another challenge for them to keep their activities sustainable.
A society mini symposium analyzed “local promotion of Hagi-City and fisheries industry, positioning in the regional economy of Hagi-Seamart” into the main subject from a viewpoint of the regional economy in 2008.
I devise the plan that I made use of local resources and a local characteristic in to make a marine products industry promotion plan, and Hagi-City of Yamaguchi practices it. Above all, as a place of “the local production for local consumption” of the farm and fisheries industries thing produced for a citizen of Hagi-city in a hometown, I incorporate it in a fisheries promotion plan not only I place “roadside station” Hagi-Seamart as a simple event open space and tourist facility and practice it.
I arranged the problem that I should have paid attention to when the local government (cities, towns and villages) in the shore part devised a fisheries industry promotion plan. In addition, I adopt the viewpoint of each citizen layer widely without limiting it to a person concerned with marine products industry and fisheries such as circulation processors on drawing up a promotion plan. I analyzed the point where I should have paid attention to when cities, towns and villages devised a fisheries industry promotion plan by introducing an example of Hagi-city that devised such an unusual fisheries industry promotion schedule.
The purpose of this paper was to consider tasks to improve the effectiveness of fishery in the Hagi region as regional resources. For this paper, two tasks in particular were considered. The first was to consider the characteristics of regional fishery that provide marine products in the Hagi fish market by focusing on the production structure. The second was to consider market functions that relevant fishery management entities require of local fish market based on the characteristics grasped. The objects of study were the fishery management entities within Hagi city and within Abu town.
As a result, it was realized that the sustainable development of fishery in the Hagi region will be in danger in the long run, even though it is contributing as regional resources at this point, because of its weak fishery production structure. Therefore, it was realized that the functions expected of the local fish market are to make money through small-scale management entities from the form of fresh fish, small lots, catches of a variety of fish, and also to establish a price standard which stabilizes the reproduction of fishery management entities. At the same time, it was also realized that the establishment of prices for catches of the mass-produced type of fish that exist in the local area needs to be strengthened.
Based on the considerations above, overcoming the weaknesses of fishery production structure is the urgent task needed to improve the effectiveness of fishery in the Hagi region as regional resources. For that purpose, it is important for the local fish market to fully function as mentioned above.
This report aims at grasping the situation of restructuring of the fishery products wholesale market in landing areas in Hagi city, and examining the role of the direct sale shop, “Hagi Sea Mart”.
In 2001, they abolished eight markets in landing areas and tried to centralize fishery products in one market in Hagi city, hoping that the market price might go up or amount of sales might increase.
However, the clear effect was not seen except the reduction of labor costs of the market. On the other hand, miscellaneous marine products with a small quantity are getting harder to circulate. “Hagi Sea Mart” tries to sell such products as much as possible after stabilizing its business base.